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Spring Turkey Take by County

As described in DEC's Wild Turkey Management Plan (PDF), DEC has changed the way that seasonal turkey harvest is reported. In the past, DEC only summarized the number of birds actually reported by hunters. Now, the DEC reports an estimated total turkey harvest based on surveys of approximately 12,000 turkey permit holders after the close of the hunting season. This results in a calculated harvest based on estimated reporting rates. This provides a more accurate harvest estimate and a more realistic assessment of the status of New York's wild turkey populations.

New York State Estimated Wild Turkey Harvest Spring 2019

Annual Comparison

After a population low observed in 2011, turkey populations have increased slightly and seem to have stabilized over the past few years based on spring harvest data and other surveys. Turkey abundance is still substantially reduced from the levels observed in the early 2000s.

The estimated harvest for spring 2019 was 17,078 birds. This is a decrease of 11% from 2018 and is below the five-year average spring harvest (19,600 birds). Participation decreased about 15% from 2018 to 2019, which is likely due to the cold, wet weather we experienced during the first two weeks of the season. When we control for the decrease in hunter numbers, the take per 100 days effort also decreased between years (4.8 birds/100 days effort to 4.6 birds/100 days effort), evidence of fewer turkeys on the landscape. Fewer gobblers available to hunters and the decline in harvest from 2018 to 2019 was expected due to poor production in summer 2017. This is reflected in a decline of about 3% in the proportion of toms (adult male birds) in the harvest.

The top five counties for estimated harvest were Steuben, St. Lawrence, Delaware, Chautauqua, and Washington (see the table below for the full list). We observed an increase in harvest in about 13% of the counties open to spring hunting from 2018 to 2019, no change in 46%, and a decrease in harvest in 41% of the counties.

New York State Estimated Spring Turkey Harvest
County 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Albany 351 261 301 298 305 358 298 211 215 210
Allegany 727 486 527 436 531 425 351 453 432 410
Broome 467 378 315 353 421 412 379 275 326 356
Cattaraugus 819 707 588 744 827 619 477 545 524 519
Cayuga 625 435 462 581 543 497 473 347 344 315
Chautauqua 1,350 965 928 1,071 1,143 790 569 713 763 632
Chemung 214 242 215 190 222 269 193 262 195 210
Chenango 852 570 490 612 553 537 489 401 562 478
Clinton 127 139 134 182 206 188 179 190 287 280
Columbia 495 358 394 365 525 461 433 286 206 302
Cortland 458 287 298 466 450 292 307 178 282 277
Delaware 1,018 546 600 817 981 952 737 585 659 666
Dutchess 467 399 396 398 421 418 454 283 345 331
Erie 865 513 600 685 655 432 314 519 372 362
Essex 151 130 117 198 216 193 181 203 271 213
Franklin 140 112 132 179 174 179 210 195 315 248
Fulton 196 144 109 177 164 139 170 194 248 153
Genesee 235 118 181 215 206 133 126 174 174 164
Greene 333 289 285 264 338 399 337 243 281 250
Hamilton 72 55 62 96 78 52 60 53 114 43
Herkimer 606 442 379 442 392 371 338 340 557 355
Jefferson 720 601 575 675 589 501 500 499 683 595
Lewis 276 279 254 371 363 196 237 327 368 306
Livingston 288 289 296 275 373 321 294 349 320 253
Madison 661 367 425 437 518 348 433 293 387 296
Monroe 412 224 325 314 245 224 202 219 163 208
Montgomery 264 263 268 290 363 311 329 302 320 252
Niagara 285 158 248 270 149 148 152 186 148 165
Oneida 774 659 474 627 733 499 420 525 791 589
Onondaga 752 461 510 685 712 577 448 347 399 397
Ontario 514 426 448 456 608 400 421 457 348 315
Orange 664 442 460 461 582 603 538 369 373 331
Orleans 161 102 115 125 128 96 91 110 102 95
Oswego 837 447 534 532 562 479 404 607 280 359
Otsego 913 536 620 723 877 766 650 480 647 622
Putnam 97 83 83 96 122 157 108 84 100 91
Rensselaer 406 306 286 410 417 497 467 313 375 325
Rockland 9 12 17 17 11 53 33 25 20 21
St. Lawrence 691 375 494 637 684 494 629 584 906 675
Saratoga 333 336 258 316 373 308 300 295 423 385
Schenectady 57 62 81 91 122 119 80 92 61 85
Schoharie 388 280 359 367 424 543 486 396 371 325
Schuyler 346 260 222 185 249 154 163 210 209 148
Seneca 242 199 178 169 186 115 112 199 116 141
Steuben 985 767 781 729 894 673 616 661 689 676
Suffolk n/a 106 53 73 40 46 53 42 54 34
Sullivan 461 362 394 358 453 458 390 306 271 298
Tioga 561 390 406 348 355 245 301 270 355 325
Tompkins 540 387 362 382 366 317 323 245 300 285
Ulster 588 427 450 446 313 433 360 295 330 260
Warren 75 40 68 96 121 86 95 111 195 75
Washington 576 420 433 545 690 613 647 530 570 630
Wayne 485 313 383 447 399 306 337 448 252 291
Westchester 67 47 44 67 64 31 64 43 39 39
Wyoming 369 338 278 318 286 311 340 344 316 206
Yates 442 398 343 408 481 296 324 279 221 206
Total 25,807 18,738 19,038 21,515 23,203 19,840 18,422 17,492 19,074 17,078