Department of Environmental Conservation

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Tuscarora Lake

Tuscarora Lake, also known as Erieville Reservoir, is located in the Town of Nelson, Madison County. Like the other area reservoirs, it was built to provide water for the Erie Canal. Tuscarora Lake is a popular ice fishing location with the lake association hosting a large derby every winter which helps to support their walleye stocking program.

Physical Features:

Elevation: 1,600 feet
Area: 308 acres
Shoreline Length: 4.7 miles
Length: 1.3 miles
Maximum Depth: 40 feet
Town: Nelson

Aquatic Plant Life:

Rooted aquatic vegetation can be found around the shore of most of the lake out to about 15 feet of water.


Though there are no formal access sites, anglers access the reservoir at two informal parking spots. These two sites are located on Tuscarora Road on the south end of the reservoir, and provide access for shore fishing. Both locations are bordered by private property and have limited parking. Anglers and lake visitors should respect all landowner's rights and obey all no parking and no trespassing signs when accessing the lake from these locations.

Please view Prevent the Spread of Aquatic Invasive Species for information on how you can help keep our waters free of aquatic hitchhikers.

Fish Species:

Largemouth bass, smallmouth bass, walleye, chain pickerel, black crappie, pumpkinseed sunfish, bluegill, rock bass, yellow perch, white sucker, and brown bullhead.


Tuscarora Lake has a variety of habitat from aquatic vegetation to several shoals and humps. As this is often one of the first waters to freeze in the area, it is a popular early season ice fishing location where anglers target yellow perch and walleye. Chain pickerel are abundant, and many are over the legal length of 15-inches. Along with the chain pickerel, rock bass are also abundant and usually willing to bite, so this water generally provides a lot of action during the warm water season. Smallmouth bass are commonly caught, but most are in the 12-14-inch size range.


Statewide regulations apply. See the Freshwater Fishing Regulations Guide (PDF).

Fisheries Management:

Tuscarora Lake is stocked annually by the Tuscarora Lake Association with approximately 4,000 walleye fingerlings. No recent fisheries survey has been done on this water by the department because of the lack of an "official" access location. However, because of the number of anglers that fish the water by using the informal access points, the department will likely be surveying this water in the near future.