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Danby State Forest

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Danby State Forest locator map

Danby State Forest encompasses 7,729 acres. In collaboration with Finger Lakes Land Trust and the Finger Lakes Trail Conference, DEC acquired a144-acre parcel in 2018 and an additional 50-acre parcel in 2022 that brings Danby to its current total acreage. The large size and close proximity of Danby State forest to the city of Ithaca and the Finger Lakes Region make the area a great place to enjoy activities such as hunting, hiking, cross-country skiing, bird watching, snowmobiling and camping.

The forest has a variety of scenic landscapes. Streams, forests, ravines and Michigan Hollow provide wonderful scenery, particularly in the fall. The diverse topography and habitats provide a diverse selection of plants and wildlife. Beautiful views of Michigan Hollow and the Finger Lakes Land Trust Lindsay-Parsons Biodiversity Preserve (leaves DEC website) are good reasons to visit.

There is also a special place, known as Diane's Crossing, which passes near an old saw mill site along Michigan Hollow Creek, a protected trout stream. Take the Abbott Loop spur, head toward the Western edge of the forest, and at a place known as Thatcher's Pinnacle, you will discover a tremendous panoramic view of a valley created by glaciers.

Featured Activities



General information on hiking includes how-to and safety tips and links to rules and regulations.

The Finger Lakes Trail (leaves DEC website) runs from east to west through Danby State Forest. The Cayuga Trails Club (CTC), affiliated with the Finger Lakes Trail Conference (FLTC), has built and maintained nearly 15 miles of hiking trails and lean-to facilities on Danby State Forest. Because of their volunteer efforts, there are several recreational trails that offer explorers a one-of-a-kind experience when visiting Danby State Forest.


Volunteers constructing a lean-to
primitive camping
lean to

General information on primitive camping includes how-to and safety tips and links to rules and regulations.

There are two lean-tos along the Finger Lakes Trail in the forest. One is on the far eastern side of the forest and the other is on the western side.

Primitive camping is allowed. Campsites must be at least 150 feet away from the nearest road, trail, or body of water. Camping for more than three nights or in groups of ten or more requires a permit from a Forest Ranger.



General information on fishing includes how-to and safety tips and links to seasons, rules and regulations.

Fishing information for Central NY is available.

Hunting & Trapping


Wildlife Management Unit: 7R

General information on hunting and general information on trapping includes how-to and safety tips with links to seasons, rules and regulations.



General information on snowmobiling includes how-to and safety tips and links to rules and regulations.

The Spencer-Van Etten snowmobile club maintains about five miles of trails throughout the state forest.

Cross-country Skiing & Snowshoeing

cross country skiing

General information on cross-country skiing and snowshoeing includes how-to and safety tips and links to rules and regulations.

Cross-country skiing and snowshoeing are permitted on all hiking trails. Bald Hill Road, which is not plowed during the winter, provides nearly 3 miles of recreational access for cross country skiers to enjoy.


General information on animals includes links to information about birds, mammals, fish, reptiles, amphibians and insects that inhabit or migrate through the state.

Common mammals found on the unit include: white tailed deer, wild turkey, ruffed grouse and woodcock, black bear, eastern cottontail rabbits and rabbits. The Unit and its surrounding landscape also provide significant habitats for many species of breeding birds.

Accessible Features

accessible trail

General information on accessible recreation includes links to other locations with accessible recreation opportunities and information on permits for motorized access.

There is a short trail located off of Bald Hill Road for those with mobility impairments. A permit from the Motorized Access Program for People with Disabilities (MAPPWD) is needed to access this trail with an ATV.


view from danby state forest

From Ithaca, take State Route 96B for about 5 miles and turn right onto either Bald Hill Road, Michigan Hollow Road or South Danby Road. Several parking areas are available (please see map). Bald Hill Road is not plowed during the winter and receives minimal maintenance. Low clearance autos are not recommended on Bald Hill Road.

  • South Danby Road Finger Lakes Trail Head Parking appropriate for regular (low clearance) cars (42.30973°N, 76.44333°W) Google Maps (leaves DEC website)
  • Michigan Hollow Road, North of Smiley Hill Road and near Diane's Crossing is appropriate for regular (low clearance) cars (42.31729°N, 76.47759°W) Google Maps (leaves DEC website)
  • The Chestnut lean-to is located 7/10ths of a mile east of Bald Hill Road. Parking for the Chestnut lean-to is available at the intersection of Comfort and Bald Hill roads (42.32617°N, 76.49826°W) Google Maps (leaves DEC website)
  • The Tamarack lean-to is located about 1/2 mile east of Travor Road (42.31764°N, 76.42254°W) Google Maps (leaves DEC website)

All coordinates provided are in decimal degrees using NAD83/WGS84 datum.

Rules, Regulations and Outdoor Safety

Practice Leave No Trace Principles (leaves DEC website) when recreating on state land to enjoy the outdoors responsibly; minimize impact on the natural resources and avoid conflicts with other users.

All users of Danby State Forest must follow all State Land Use Regulation and should follows all Outdoor Safety Practices for the safety of the user and protection of the resource.

Target shooting is prohibited on Danby State Forest.

Planning and Management

Recent logging in Danby State Forest

DEC manages these lands in accordance with the management activities described in the Rapid Waters Unit Management Plan. In addition to management objectives, the UMP contains detailed information on natural features, recreational infrastructure, geology, natural and human history, habitats, wildlife, fisheries and much more.

If you have questions and/or comments about this UMP, please email


Danby State Forest is located on the Allegheny Plateau, which is made of sedimentary bedrock that formed some 350 million years ago when the region was covered by an ancient saltwater sea. Geologists believe that the plateau was created during a collision of the North American and African continents 250 to 330 million years ago. The collision lifted the bedrock, which has since been shaped by continual weathering and the advance and retreat of continental ice sheets (glaciers). The glaciers created the 'U' shaped valleys of the region and the Finger Lakes.

Tompkins County was originally home to members of the Iroquois Confederation or Haudenosaunee, specifically the Cayuga Nation. The Haudenosaunee was established in circa 1570 under the influence of Hiawatha. It was a bond between five nations: the Oneida, Cayuga, Seneca, Mohawk, and the Onondaga. In 1715, the Tuscarora nation was added making it a league of six nations. The Cayugas, who were the main inhabitants of the Tompkins County area, did not use the land heavily. They had semi-permanent dwellings placed near freshwater sources which enabled them to hunt and transport game, as well as irrigate their crops without causing great stress to the land.

Early European settlers and Revolutionary War Veterans referred to the area as "Dark Forest" because the forest was so dense that only small traces of light penetrated through the forest canopy. The new settlers had many forest superstitions and little or no experience in producing forest goods. They therefore decided to clear the area almost entirely for use as farmland. The timber that was not used for carpentry was burned, becoming a valuable by-product known as potash. This process continued until almost the entire land was converted from dense forest to open fields.

As time progressed, it became apparent that the soils had major limitations for intensive crop production, including a seasonally high water table, low fertility, moderate to high acidity, and steep slopes. Early farmers quickly learned that the long harsh winters and thin, fine textured upland soils of the area would not support intensive agriculture. As such, many of the farmlands were abandoned as farmers sought deeper and more productive soils in the Midwest.

Originally part of the Watkins and Flint Purchase, Danby State Forest lands were added to the state forest system from 1933 to 1997. The most significant acquisition took place in January of 1956 when about 6,200 acres were added to the state forest from the federal government. Chiefly former farms, the federal lands were acquired as part of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal under what was then called the federal sub marginal land purchase program. In total, about 50 farms were acquired under the sub marginal land purchase program, with an average land parcel size of about 150 acres. The lands that comprise the Danby State Forest were once rural farming communities. Before federal and state ownership, four schoolhouses and five cemeteries were established on Danby State Forest lands. The 1860 Historical and Statistical Gazetteer of New York State lists grain, butter, apples, and potatoes as the top agricultural and dairy products produced in the town of Danby.

Evidence of the Bald Hill farming community can be found today. Family cemeteries on Danby State Forest include: the Fisher Settlement Cemetery (Ward/Theron Family), the Grant Farm Cemetery, the Green and Mettler Cemetery, the Larue Hill Farm Burying Ground (Bogert/McGowen Family) and the Ryant Family Burial Ground (also called the McFall Family Burial Ground). Burials in these cemeteries took place from as early as 1821 to as late as 1918. The Friends of Bald Hill volunteers have extensively researched the rich history of Bald Hill. In the past several years, the group has located and mapped many of the former farm buildings, sawmill locations, and school foundations on the State Forest.

Danby State Forest has a history of forest fires. On November 10, 1931, a serious forest fire broke out and burned over 2,000 acres of the "wildest sections of Bald Hill." An article from the Ithaca Journal reports that over 200 volunteers, county workers and State Troopers battled the fire which burned mostly second growth timber. On November 12, 1931 an article in the Elmira Advertiser stated that "already the fire had licked up thousands of young pine and elm trees in one of the richest strips of tree country in the Southern Tier." Reports indicated that the fire may have started from careless hunters or from the railroad as it passed through West Danby at the base of Bald Hill.

From 1934 to 1967, Civilian Conservation Corp crew members and Camp MacCormick members planted about 1.1 million trees on Danby State Forest. Most of the trees planted were softwoods such as eastern white pine, red pine, Japanese larch and Norway spruce. However, some hardwood trees were planted as well. In 1934, about 38,000 northern red oaks were planted.

Danby State Forest is a working State Forest that is sustainably managed to provide recreational services, diverse wildlife habitat, and products. These values, products, and services include: locally grown firewood and sawtimber, jobs, carbon storage, clean water, fish and wildlife habitat, hunting, hiking, trapping, Nordic skiing, rustic camping, and snowmobiling and biking opportunities.

Nearby State Lands, Facilities, Amenities & Other Information

State Lands and Facilities

Where to Find Nearby Amenities

  • Gas, food and other supplies, dining and lodging may be found in the nearby community of Ithaca.

The Tompkins County Tourism Office (leaves DEC website) can provide information about other recreation, attractions and amenities in this area.

Numerous guidebooks and maps are available with information on the lands, waters, trails and other recreational facilities in this area. These can be purchased at most outdoor equipment retailers, bookstores, and on-line booksellers.

Additional information, outdoor equipment, trip suggestions and guided or self-guided tours may be obtained from outdoor guide and outfitting businesses. Check area chambers of commerce, telephone directories or search the internet for listings.

Consider hiring an outdoor guide if you have little experience or woodland skills. See the NYS Outdoor Guides Association (leaves DEC website) for information on outdoor guides.