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Low and Zero Emission Vehicles

New York State's Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) program is modeled after the California LEV program and applies to all new on-road motor vehicles, motor vehicle engines, and emission control systems delivered for sale in New York. New York's LEV program requires all new vehicles sold in the state to be certified to California emissions standards, which are more stringent than federal standards. The LEV program is designed to reduce emissions of smog forming pollutants including hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, and oxides of nitrogen.

The LEV program also includes Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) and Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emission standards that are modeled after California programs. New York's ZEV standards require manufacturers to deliver ZEVs including:

  • Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV)
  • Fuel Cell Vehicles (FCV)
  • Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV)
  • Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV), and
  • conventional vehicles with extremely low emissions.

ZEVs provide an emission reduction benefit due to the absence of tailpipe emissions, while PHEV, HEV and low emission conventional vehicles enable the development and implementation of ZEV technologies. New York's GHG standards are designed to reduce mobile source GHG emissions including carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and motor vehicle air conditioning refrigerants.

ZEV and ZEV enabling technologies are important to achieving and maintaining the long-term air quality of New York. Vehicles equipped with these technologies emit less smog forming and GHG pollutants than conventional vehicles, while providing similar performance, utility, and safety attributes. In addition to emission reduction benefits, ZEVs, PHEVs, and HEVs save consumers money through reduced operating expenses over the life of the vehicle, primarily through reduced fuel use.

Examples of vehicles with various advanced technologies:


The BMW i3 is a BEV vehicle The Nissan Leaf is a BEV vehicle The Tesla Model S is a BEV vehicle


The Honda Clarity is an FCV vehicle The Toyota Mirai is an FCV vehicle


The Chevy Volt is a PHEV vehicle The Hyundai Sonata PHEV is a PHEV vehicle


The Ford Fusion HEV is an HEV vehicle The Volkswagen Jetta HEV is an HEV vehicle

Zero Emission Vehicle Credit Balances

Pursuant to revisions to 6 NYCRR Part 218, adopted in 2015, DEC will disclose ZEV credit information for each manufacturer on an annual basis identical to the information released by California pursuant to California Code of Regulations (CCR), Title 13, Section 1962.1(l) starting with 2014 model year data. Similar information is published annually by California and other states that have adopted the California standards.

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