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Bag Waste Reduction Law: Information for Manufacturers and Retailers

The 6 NYCRR Part 351 Plastic Bag Reduction, Reuse, and Recycling regulations were adopted by DEC after a formal rulemaking process and went into effect on March 14, 2020. These regulations set forth the requirements of Titles 27 and 28 of Article 27 of the Environmental Conservation Law with respect to the prohibition on plastic carryout bags; allowable reusable bags; the recycling of plastic carryout bags and film plastic by stores; and the related requirements for manufacturers.

The Notice of Proposed Rule Making is available in the November 27, 2019, issue of the State Register. The Notice of Adoption is available in the February 26, 2020, issue of the State Register. DEC accepted written public comments through Monday, February 3, 2020. Please visit the Adopted Part 351, Plastic Bag Reduction, Reuse, and Recycling page for more information.

This page includes a new section with Bag Waste Reduction Law Outreach Materials.

These FAQs relate only to requirements under the state ECL and Part 351 regulations, and are not to any applicable Tax, State Finance, or Agriculture and Markets laws.

#BYOBagNY graphic showing where to keep your reusable bags

Note: Pursuant to a court decision issued on August 20, 2020, certain portions of the regulations that authorize an additional exemption to the plastic carryout bag distribution ban of ECL §27-2803(1) for reusable bags made of non-film plastic have been declared invalid and will not be enforced: 6 NYCRR §351-1.2(f)(11) and §351-1.2 (n) (1)(ii) and (4).

The full decision can be read here.(PDF)

What is the Plastic Bag Waste Reduction Law?

Article 27 of the Environmental Conservation Law (ECL) was amended to create a new Title 28 for the New York State Bag Waste Reduction Act. The law took effect March 1, 2020 and prohibits the distribution of plastic carryout bags by any person required to collect New York State sales tax.

Who is no longer allowed to provide plastic bags?

Any person required to collect New York State sales tax will no longer be able to provide plastic carryout bags, as defined in Title 28 of the ECL, to their customers.

What does the term "plastic carryout bag" mean? Does this include all plastic bags?

"Plastic carryout bag" means any plastic bag, other than an exempt bag, that is provided to a customer by a person required to collect tax to be used by the customer to carry tangible personal property, regardless of whether such person required to collect tax sells any tangible personal property or service to the customer, and regardless of whether any tangible personal property or service sold is exempt from tax under Article 28 of the New York State Tax Law.

"Exempt bag" means a bag that is:

  • Used solely to contain or wrap uncooked meat, fish, seafood, poultry, other unwrapped or non-prepackaged food, flower, plant, or other item for the purpose of separating it from other items to avoid contamination, prevent damage from moisture, or for sanitary, public health, or environmental protection purposes;
  • Used solely to package items from bulk containers, including fruits, vegetables, grains, candy, small hardware items (such as nuts, bolts, and screws), live insects, fish, crustaceans, mollusks, or other aquatic items requiring a waterproof bag;
  • Used solely to contain food sliced or prepared to order;
  • Used solely to contain a newspaper for delivery to a subscriber;
  • Sold in bulk quantities to a consumer at the point of sale that were specifically prepackaged in a manner to allow for bulk sale (for example, quantities of bags prepackaged in individual pre-sealed boxes) or prepackaged in individual boxes or containers for sale to a customer;
  • Sold as a trash bag;
  • Sold as a food storage bag, such as those in snack, sandwich, quart, and gallon sizes;
  • Used as a garment bag, such as over-the-hanger bags or those used by a dry cleaner or laundry service;
  • Made of plastic provided by a restaurant, tavern or similar food service establishment, as defined in the New York state sanitary code, to carry out or deliver prepared food; or
  • Provided by a pharmacy to carry prescription drugs.

What is considered a reusable bag?

A "reusable bag" means a non-plastic bag that:

  • Is made of:
    • cloth or other machine washable fabric; or
    • other durable material with handles that is specifically designed and manufactured for multiple reuse; and
  • Has at least one strap or handle that does not stretch and is fastened to the bag in such a manner that it allows the bag to meet the strength and durability standards in the bullet point below;
  • Has a minimum lifespan of 125 uses, with a use equal to the ability to carry a minimum of 22 pounds over a distance of at least 175 feet.

Is there a grace period beyond October 19, 2020 for businesses that still have an existing stock of plastic carryout bags?

The plastic bag ban has been in effect since March 1, 2020. The ban was not enforced during litigation brought in New York State Supreme Court challenging the law and DEC's Part 351 regulations. The Court issued a decision on August 20, 2020, and DEC will begin enforcing the law and the regulations, in accordance with the Court's decision, on October 19, 2020.
As of October 19, 2020, if a person required to collect tax distributes any plastic carryout bags to its customers (unless such bags are considered exempt bags under the law or Part 351 regulations), DEC may take enforcement action against them. A person required to collect tax who violates any provision of ECL § 27-2803, including the plastic carryout bag ban, will receive a warning notice for a first violation.

What should businesses do with their stock of plastic carryout bags?

To the extent that a business still has an existing stock of plastic carryout bags, DEC recommends the bags be donated to non-profit organizations, such as a local food bank or food pantry. If the bags cannot be donated, they should be responsibly recycled via film plastic recycling. Learn more information about film plastic recycling for retailers.

How does this law affect the current NYS Plastic Bag Reduction, Reuse and Recycling Law? Can consumers bring in exempt bags, leftover bags, and other film plastic to be recycled?

This law expressly keeps the requirements for retail stores required under Title 27 of Article 27 of the ECL to continue to collect film plastic from consumers for recycling.

Is it sanitary to reuse bags?

Yes, one of the benefits of reusable bags is that they can be cleaned regularly.

If consumers buy prepared food at a grocery/retail/convenience store, or pick up a prescription from a pharmacy inside a retail store, can they receive a plastic bag?

Yes, but only for those specific items. Plastic bags used solely to contain food sliced or prepared to order or are provided by a pharmacy to carry prescription bags are considered exempt uses, regardless of location. In locations where a local law has been passed implementing the 5-cent paper carryout bag reduction fee, such fee would not be charged on a paper carryout bag provided by a pharmacy to carry prescription drugs, since the fee only applies to paper bags that serve as an alternative to banned film plastic bags.

Can supermarkets package groceries for home delivery in plastic bags or are those bags also banned?

The law does not have a specific exemption for plastic bags used for the home delivery of groceries. If the plastic bag is provided by a supermarket, and the plastic bag is to be used by the customer to carry groceries, then the supermarket will no longer be able to package groceries in plastic bags for home delivery. However, the exemptions for bags used to contain food sliced or prepared to order, bags used to contain unwrapped meat, fish or poultry, and bags used to package bulk items, such as fruits, vegetables, grains, and candy apply. So plastic bags could be used to contain these items, thereby keeping items separated and free from contamination from other items and providing some protection against spills from raw meat containers. These exempt plastic bags could then be placed in reusable bags or paper carryout bags for delivery to the consumer.

Paper Carryout Bag Reduction Fee

The New York State Department of Taxation and Finance provides information regarding the paper carryout bag reduction fee (link leaves DEC's website).

Bag Waste Reduction Law Outreach Materials

Bag waste reduction starts with reusable bag education and #BYOBagNY reminders. New York State's plastic bag ban began March 1, 2020. These resources can be used to help remind the public to #BYOBagNY and inform consumers about the plastic bag ban.

  • Informational materials in English
  • Translated informational materials in Spanish
  • Translated informational materials in Bengali
  • Translated informational materials in Haitian Creole
  • Translated informational materials in Russian
  • Translated informational materials in Yiddish
  • Translated informational materials in Korean
  • Translated informational materials in Chinese

Visit this page for the most up-to-date digital outreach resources. If you need any of these materials in another language, please contact DEC at