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Drinking Water Source Protection Program (DWSP2)

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Are you looking for funding? Our new tool can help you! The Funding Finder, developed by NYSDEC in conjunction with the Long Island Sound Study, is designed to simplify the process of finding grant opportunities. To access the Funding Finder and associated User Guide, which includes funding that can help with DWSP2 plan implementation, visit the Long Island Nitrogen Action Plan (LINAP) webpage.

Free Technical Assistance for Communities

The New York State Departments of Environmental Conservation (DEC) and Health (DOH) have announced a new initiative to assist municipalities with assessing and supporting drinking water source protection programs. The Drinking Water Source Protection Program (DWSP2) is a state-run program created to assist municipalities with proactively protecting their drinking water sources. The goal is to help municipalities develop and implement their own unique drinking water source protection plan for the source(s) of their drinking water.

In order to do so, the State is looking for communities to work with a technical assistance provider (TA provider), free of charge, to develop a DWSP2 Plan for their source of drinking water. TA providers will work with the community every step of the way, using the DWSP2 Framework, to develop a community specific DWSP2 Plan. As a result of this program, participating municipalities can use their newly developed DWSP2 plan to start implementing protection measures.

If you would like to work with a TA provider, complete an application below. If you have any questions, reach out to the DWSP2 Team at

  • DWSP2 Application (PDF) - To apply for DWSP2, fill out the application with as much detail as possible. All applicants will be notified regardless of if they are selected or not.
  • DWSP2 Fact Sheet (PDF) - A summary of the Drinking Water Source Protection Program and free technical assistance available.
  • DWSP2 Roles and Responsibilities (PDF) - Roles and responsibilities of participating municipalities, the State, and the technical assistance providers.
  • DWSP2 vs. SWAP Fact Sheet (PDF) - This document goes over the similarities and differences between DWSP2 and the Source Water Assessment Program (SWAP).

What to Expect:

  • Free technical assistance throughout the entire DWSP2 Plan development process
  • Flexible schedule for communities to continue meeting other priorities
  • Little work for the community due to the aid of a TA provider
  • Complete inventory of potential contaminant sources surrounding the drinking water source to protect against current and future sources
  • Thorough list of implementation actions to address current and future potential contaminant sources and land use changes
  • State and Federal funding strategies highlighted to aid with the cost of implementation actions (e.g. Water Quality Improvement Project (WQIP) Program and Source Water Buffer Program) (leaves DEC website)
  • Complete DWSP2 Plan may improve the likelihood of receiving state funding

DWSP2 Volunteer Communities

Below you will find a growing list of volunteer communities who are currently working with a TA provider to develop a DWSP2 Plan.

DWSP2 Participant County DWSP2 Participant County
Afton (v) Chenango Lake George (v)* Warren
Allegany (v) Cattaraugus Machias (t) Cattaraugus
Arcade (v) Wyoming Manlius (t) - OCWA Skyridge Community WD Onondaga
Argyle (v) Washington Mayville (v) Chautauqua
Athens (v) Greene Monroe (v) Orange
Auburn (c) Cayuga New Paltz (v) Ulster
Bath (v) Steuben North Tonawanda (c) Niagara
Beacon (c) Dutchess Onondaga County Water Authority Onondaga
Bethlehem (t) - Water District #1 Albany Ossining (v) Westchester
Bridgewater (t) Oneida Otisville (v) Orange
Brookhaven (t) Suffolk Owasco (t) Cayuga
Chautaqua Utility District Chautauqua Peekskill (c) Westchester
Chautaqua Water District #2 Chautauqua Portville (v) Cattaraugus
Cherry Creek (t) Chautauqua Ravena (v) Albany
Clayville (v) Oneida Red Hook (t) Dutchess
Cornell University Tompkins Silver Springs (v) Wyoming
Ellicotville (v&t) Cattaraugus SCLIWC* Tompkins
Fishkill (t) Dutchess St. Armand (t) Essex
Fredonia (v) Chautauqua Troy (c) Rensselaer
Glens Falls (c) Warren United Wappinger Water District Dutchess
Hector (t) Schuyler Warsaw (v) Wyoming
Holland Water District Erie Watervliet (c) Albany
Hudson 7* Dutchess/Ulster Wawarsing (t) - Kerhonkson Ulster
Ithaca (c) Tompkins Wawarsing (t) - Napanoch Ulster
Lake Champlain* Essex

* Hudson 7 application submitted by multiple municipalities: Poughkeepsie (c&t), Rhinebeck (v&t), Hyde Park (t), Esopus (t), Lloyd (t)

*Lake Champlain is a joint effort between Essex Water District, Port Kent Water District, and Willsboro Water District.

*Lake George Village is the primary participant

*Southern Cayuga Lake Intermunicipal Water Commission (SCLIWC) is a joint entity consisting of Dryden (t), Ithaca (t), Lansing (v&t), and Cayuga Heights (v)

DWSP2 Benefits to the Community?

The purpose of developing a long-term protection plan for source water(s) is to protect public health and safety, and the environment. Using a drinking water source protection plan, municipalities can make informed decisions to achieve source water protection.

  • Protect public health by preventing pollutants from entering a drinking water supply.
  • Avoid preventable drinking water treatment costs.
  • Increase community confidence in their local public drinking water.
  • Create long-lasting partnerships that support implementation.
  • Utilize a broad array of existing funding sources to aid with project implementation costs.

DWSP2 also intersects several components of Commissioner Policy 29, Environmental Justice and Permitting. By utilizing the State and Federal Opportunities for Environmental Justice fact sheet (PDF), you can determine whether your municipality or source water falls within a Potential Environmental Justice Area. The fact sheet also includes recommendations on diversifying your stakeholder group and potential funding opportunities for environmental justice communities.

What is a Drinking Water Source Protection Plan?

Each protection plan will be different depending on the goals of the community and the drinking water source(s). Preparing a drinking water source protection plan involves forming a stakeholder group, inventorying potential sources of contamination, establishing critical areas to be protected, and creating an implementation timeline. Following the plan completion, protection measures can be implemented to mitigate the risk of water supply contamination.

If you would like to learn about the difference between clean water plans (i.e. TMDL, ARP, or 9E) and DWSP2 plans, visit the Clean Water Plans page.

DWSP2 Framework - Working Draft

The State has released a working draft that communities can use to develop their drinking water source protection plan, "A Framework for Creating a Drinking Water Source Protection Program Plan." The working draft includes an easy to follow summary touching on key components of a protection plan, and a resource kit with more detailed information to help communities accomplish each component.

We recommended downloading the following documents for all features to function properly:

A Framework for Creating a Drinking Water Source Protection Program Plan (PDF) - A working draft communities can use to develop their drinking water source protection plan.

Drinking Water Source Protection Program Plan Data Summary - The DWSP2 Plan Data Summary is a tool to summarize data gathered throughout the planning process using the DWSP2 Framework. The State has created two versions of the Data Summary, one in Microsoft Word and another in Microsoft Excel. Both versions contain the same information. Communities should use the format they are most comfortable with to aid with plan development.

Drinking Water Source Protection Program Plan Template (PDF) - This is a template for writing a DWSP2 Plan. The template can be used in conjunction with the DWSP2 Plan Data Summary to create a DWSP2 Plan.

DWSP2 Plans for Grant Funding

Select State grant programs are now offering additional points (i.e. Water Quality Improvement Project Program) for State accepted DWSP2 Plans.

Preparing a DWSP2 Plan the State Will Accept

Communities developing a DWSP2 Plan on their own or with the help of a community-hired consultant should notify the State early-on for State acceptance. The DWSP2 Framework, Data Summary and Template should all be closely followed when developing your plan and submitting for State review and acceptance. If you, or a community you are working with, are seeking plan acceptance, reach out to the State at


The monthly DWSP2 newsletter keeps its readers up-to-date on a variety of drinking water source protection subjects. Anyone interested in or working on protecting source waters are encouraged to sign-up for the newsletter.

More about Drinking Water Source Protection Program (DWSP2):