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Freshwater Fish and Shellfish

Fish Diversity Poster
Art by Jean Gawalt

From small, rarely seen species of darters to large game fish like salmon and muskellunge, New York's waters are home to an incredible variety of freshwater fish species. Over 165 fish species inhabit the state's 7,500 lakes and ponds and 70,000 miles of rivers and streams, providing New York with one of the richest fish faunas in the nation.

View the Fish Atlas Maps of New York for a general overview of the distribution of each of New York's fishes.

Fish Drawings

Fish drawings are available from DEC's Flickr Fish Drawings Album. These images are free to use for non-commercial purposes. Please credit NYSDEC when using these fish images.

More about Freshwater Fish and Shellfish:

  • Round Goby - The Round Goby is an invasive fish in the Great Lakes and New York State. learn how to identify the round goby and what you can do to help stop the spread.
  • Mitten Crab - Chinese Mitten Crab may be the newest invader in the Hudson River.
  • Northern Snakehead - Description of the invasive northern snakehead fish, distribution in New York, identifying characteristics, contact information.