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Subpart 219-9 Emission Guidelines and Compliance Schedules for Existing Sewage Sludge Incineration Units

(Statutory authority: Public Health Law, §§1271, 1276; Environmental Conservation Law, §§ 1-0101, 3-0301, 3-0303, 19-0103, 19-0105, 19-0107, 19-0301, 19-0302, 19-0303, 19-0305, 19-0306, 19-0311, 19-0319, 20-0109, 71-2103, 71-2105)

[Filed 4/12/12. Effective 30 days after filing.]

[This is page 1 of 1 of this Subpart. A complete list of Subparts in this regulation appears in the Chapter 3 contents page. A list of sections in this Subpart appears below.]

For administrative information about this posting, contact: Division of Air Resources. The Bureau of Air Quality Planning at (518) 402-8396 is the contact for technical questions pertaining to this rule.

Contents:

Sec.

§219-9.1 Applicability

The Federal requirements of 40 CFR part 60, subpart MMMM, incorporated by reference in Part 200 of this Title (see Table 2, section 200.10 of this Title), apply to sewage sludge incineration (SSI) units, located at wastewater treatment facilities, designed to treat domestic sewage sludge, the construction of which commenced on or before October 14, 2010.

§219-9.2 Definitions

(a) To the extent that they are not inconsistent with the specific definitions in subdivision (b) of this section, the general definitions of Parts 200 and 201 of this Title, and 40 CFR part 60, subpart MMMM apply (see Table 2, section 200.10 of this Title).

(b) For the purpose of this Subpart, the following definitions apply:

(1) Fluidized bed incinerator means an enclosed device in which organic matter and inorganic matter in sewage sludge are combusted in a bed of particles suspended in the combustion chamber gas.

(2) Multiple hearth incinerator means a circular steel furnace that contains a number of solid refractory hearths and a central rotating shaft; rabble arms that are designed to slowly rake the sludge on the hearth are attached to the rotating shaft. Dewatered sludge enters at the top and proceeds downward through the furnace from hearth to hearth, pushed along by the rabble arms.

(3) Sewage sludge means solid, semisolid, or liquid residue generated during the treatment of domestic sewage in a treatment works. Sewage sludge includes, but is not limited to, domestic septage; scum or solids removed in primary, secondary, or advanced wastewater treatment processes; and a material derived from sewage sludge. Sewage sludge does not include ash generated during the firing of sewage sludge in a sewage sludge incineration unit or grit and screenings generated during preliminary treatment of domestic sewage in a treatment works.

(4) Sewage sludge incineration (SSI) unit means an incineration unit combusting sewage sludge for the purpose of reducing the volume of the sewage sludge by removing combustible matter. Sewage sludge incineration unit designs include fluidized bed and multiple hearth. A SSI unit also includes, but is not limited to, the sewage sludge feed system, auxiliary fuel feed system, grate system, flue gas system, waste heat recovery equipment, bottom ash system, and all ash handling systems connected to the bottom ash handling system. The combustion unit bottom ash system ends at the truck loading station or similar equipment that transfers the ash to final disposal. The SSI unit does not include air pollution control equipment or the stack.

(5) State plan approval means the effective date of EPA's approval of New York State's SSI State plan.

§219-9.3 Compliance/closure schedules

Owners or operators of applicable SSI units must achieve full compliance with the requirements of 40 CFR part 60, subpart MMMM (see Table 2, section 200.10 of this Title), and this Subpart by either complying with one of the two schedules specified in subdivisions (a) and (b) of this section, or permanently closing the SSI unit as specified in subdivision (c) of this section.

(a) One year compliance schedule. If compliance will be achieved less than one year after State plan approval, the two increments of progress specified in paragraphs (1) and (2) of this subdivision must be met.

(1) Submit a final control plan to the department's appropriate regional air pollution control engineer for review and approval by the earlier of the following two dates: three months after State plan approval, or September 21, 2012. The final control plan must include:

(i) a description of the proposed air pollution control devices that will be installed and process changes that will be used to comply with the emission limits, standards and other requirements of this Subpart;

(ii) the type(s) of waste that is(are) proposed to be combusted, if waste other than sewage sludge is combusted in the unit;

(iii) the maximum design capacity of the SSI;

(iv) if applicable, the petition for site-specific operating limits pursuant to 40 CFR part 60.5175 (see Table 2, section 200.10 of this Title).

(2) Achieve full compliance with approved final control plan and requirements of 40 CFR part 60, subpart MMMM (see Table 2, section 200.10 of this Title), by the earlier of the following two dates: 12 months after State plan approval, or June 21, 2013.

(b) Extended compliance schedule. If compliance will be achieved more than one year after State plan approval, the five increments of progress specified in paragraphs (1) through (5) of this subdivision must be met.

(1) Submit a final control plan which contains an extended compliance schedule to the department's appropriate regional air pollution control engineer for review and approval by the earlier of the following two dates: three months after State plan approval, or September 21, 2012. The final control plan must include:

(i) a description of the proposed air pollution control devices that will be installed and process changes that will used to comply with the emission limits, standards and other requirements of this Subpart;

(ii) the type(s) of waste that is(are) proposed to be combusted if waste other than sewage sludge is combusted in the unit;

(iii) the maximum design capacity of the SSI;

(iv) if applicable, the petition for site-specific operating limits under 40 CFR part 60.5175 (see Table 2, section 200.10 of this Title).

(2) Contracts must be awarded and purchase orders must be issued for emission control systems, installation, and process modifications and the acquisition of required component parts by the earlier of the following two dates: nine months after State plan approval, or March 21, 2013.

(3) Process changes and the on-site construction or installation of emission control equipment must be initiated by the earlier of the following two dates: 15 months after State plan approval, or September 21, 2013.

(4) Process changes and on-site construction or installation of emission control equipment must be completed by the earlier of the following two dates: 32 months after State plan approval, or by November 21, 2015.

(5) Full compliance with the approved final control plan and requirements of 40 CFR part 60, subpart MMMM (see Table 2, section 200.10 of this Title), must be achieved by the earlier of the following two dates: 36 months after State plan approval, or March 21, 2016.

(c) Final closure schedule. Owners or operators of an applicable SSI unit that plan to cease operation must submit a closure notification, including the planned date of closure, to the department's appropriate regional air pollution control engineer for approval by the earlier of the following two dates: three months after State plan approval, or September 21, 2012. Permanent closure of an applicable SSI unit must occur by the earlier of the following two dates: 36 months after State plan approval, or March 21, 2016.

§219-9.4 Title V permit application compliance schedule

Owners or operators of an applicable SSI unit not subject to an earlier permit application deadline must submit a complete title V permit application to the department for review and approval by the earlier of the following two dates: 12 months after State plan approval, or March 21, 2014.