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Part 451: Instrumentation

[page 1 of 1]

Contents:

Sec.

§451.1 Scope of the Rules in this Part

The rules in this Part specify criteria for sound level measurement systems which are used to make the sound level measurements specified in Part 452 and Part 453 of this Title.

§451.2 Type of Measurement Systems Which May Be Used

The sound level measurement system must meet or exceed the requirements of American National Standards Specification for Sound Level Meters, ANSI S1.4- 1971, approved April 27, 1971, issued by the American National Standards Institute 1 , throughout the applicable frequency range for either:

(a) A Type 1 sound level meter;

(b) A Type 2 sound level meter; or

(c) A Type S sound level meter which has

(1) A-weighting frequency response;

(2) Fast dynamic characteristics of its indicating instrument; and

(3) A relative response level tolerance consistent with those of either a Type 1 or Type 2 sound level meter, as specified in section 3.2 of ANSI S1.4- 1971.

1 Copies of the specification may be secured from the American National Standards Institute, 1430 Broadway, New York, N.Y. 10018.

§451.3 Calibration of Measurement Systems

(a)

(1) The sound level measurement system must be calibrated and appropriately adjusted at one or more frequencies in the range from 250 to 1,000 Hz at the beginning of each series of measurements and at intervals of five to 15 minutes thereafter, until it has been determined that the sound level measurement system has not significantly drifted from its calibrated level. Once this fact has been established, calibrations may be made at intervals once every hour. A significant drift shall be considered to have occurred if a 0.3 dB or more excursion is noted from the system's predetermined reference calibration level. In the case of systems using displays with whole decibel increments, the operator may visually judge when the 0.3 dB drift has been met or exceeded.

(2) The sound level measurement system must be checked periodically by its manufacturer, a representative of its manufacturer or a person of equivalent special competence, to verify that its accuracy meets the manufacturer's design criteria.

(b) An acoustical calibrator of the microphone coupler type designed for the sound level measurement system in use shall be used to calibrate the sound level measurement system in accordance with subdivision (a) of this section. The calibration must meet or exceed the accuracy requirements specified in section 5.4.1 of the American National Standards Institute standard, Methods for Measurements of Sound Pressure Levels, ANSI S1.13-1971, for field method measurements.

§451.4 Windscreens

A properly installed windscreen, of the type recommended by the manufacturer of the sound level measurement system, shall be used during the time that noise emission measurements are being taken.