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Part 452: Measurement Of Noise Emission; Highway Operations

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Contents:

Sec.

§452.1 Scope of the Rules in this Part

The rules in this Part specify conditions and procedures for measurement of the sound level generated by a motor vehicle engaged in a highway operation, for the purpose of ascertaining whether the motor vehicle conforms to the sound level limits set forth in section 386(3)(a) of the New York State Vehicle and Traffic Law.

§452.2 Site Characteristics: Highway Operations

(a) Measurement shall be made at a test site which is adjacent to, and includes a portion of, a traveled lane of a public highway. A microphone target point shall be established on the centerline of the traveled lane of the highway, and a microphone location point shall be established on the ground surface not less than 35 feet (10.7 m) nor more than 83 feet (25.3 m) from the microphone target point and on a line that is perpendicular to the centerline of the traveled lane of the highway and that passes through the microphone target point. In the case of a standard test site, the microphone location point is 50 feet (15.2 m) from the microphone target point. Within the test site is a triangular measurement area. A plan view diagram of a standard test site, having an open site within a 50-foot (15.2 m) radius of both the microphone target point and the microphone location point, is shown in Figure 1, below. Measurements may be made at a test site having smaller or greater dimensions in accordance with the rules in Part 454 of this Title.

TABULAR OR GRAPHIC MATERIAL SET FORTH AT THIS POINT IS NOT DISPLAYABLE

Figure 1--STANDARD TEST SITE HIGHWAY OPERATIONS

(b) The test site must be an open site, essentially free of large sound-reflecting objects. However, the following objects may be within the test site, including the triangular measurement area:

(1) Small cylindrical objects such as fire hydrants or telephone or utility poles.

(2) Rural mailboxes.

(3) Traffic railings of any type of construction except solid concrete barriers (see §450.2[s] of this Title.)

(4) One or more curbs having a vertical height of one foot (0.3 m) or less.

(c) The following objects may be within the test site if they are outside of the triangular measurement area of the site:

(1) Any vertical surface (such as billboard), regardless of size, having a lower edge more than 15 feet (4.6 m) higher than the surface of the traveled lane of the highway.

(2) Any uniformly smooth sloping surface slanting away from the highway (such as a rise in grade alongside the highway) with a slope that is less than 45 degrees above the horizontal.

(3) Any surface slanting away from the highway that is 45 degrees or more and not more than 90 degrees above the horizontal, if all points on the surface are more than 15 feet (4.6 m) above the surface of the traveled lane of the highway.

(d) The surface of the ground within the measurement area must be relatively flat (see section 450.2 [o]). The site shall be a "soft" test site. However, if the site is determined to be "hard", the correction factor specified in section 454.3(a) of this Part shall be applied to the measurement.

(e) The traveled lane of the highway within the test site must be dry, paved with relatively smooth concrete or asphalt, and substantially free of:

(1) Holes or other defects which would cause a motor vehicle to emit irregular tire, body or chassis impact noise; and

(2) Loose material, such as gravel or sand.

(f) The traveled lane of the highway on which the microphone target point is situated must not pass through a tunnel or underpass located within 200 feet (61 m) of that point.

§452.3 Ambient Conditions; Highway Operations

(a)

(1) Sound. The ambient A-weighted sound level at the microphone location point shall be measured, in the absence of motor vehicle noise emanating from within the clear zone, with fast meter response using a sound level measurement system that conforms to the rules of section 451.2.

(2) The measured ambient level must be 10 dB(A) or more below that level specified in section 450.3, Table 1, which corresponds to the maximum permissible sound level reading which is applicable at the test site at the time of testing.

(b) Wind. The wind velocity at the test shall be measured at the beginning of each series of noise measurements, and at intervals of five to 15 minutes thereafter, until it has been established that the wind velocity is essentially constant. Once this fact has been established, wind velocity measurements may be made at intervals of once every hour. Noise measurements may only be made if the measured wind velocity is 12 mph (19.3 kph) or less. Gust wind measurements of up to 20 mph (33.2 kph) are allowed.

(c) Precipitation. Measurements are prohibited under any condition of precipitation; however, measurements may be made with snow on the ground. The ground surface within the measurement area must be free of standing water.

§452.4 Location and Operation of Sound Level Measurement System; Highway Operations

(a) The microphone of a sound level measurement system that conforms to section 451.2 of this Title shall be located at a height of not less than two feet (0.6 m) nor more than six feet (1.8 m) above the plane of the roadway surface and not less than 3 1/2 feet (1.1 m) above the surface on which the microphone stands. The preferred microphone height on flat terrain is four feet (1.2 m).

(b)

(1) When the sound level measurement system is hand-held or is otherwise monitored by a person located near its microphone, the holder must orient himself relative to the highway in a manner consistent with the recommendation of the manufacturer of the sound level measurement system.

(2) In no case shall the holder or observer be closer than two feet (0.6 m) from the system's microphone, nor shall he locate himself between the microphone and the vehicle being measured.

(c) The microphone of the sound level measurement system shall be oriented toward the traveled lane of the highway at the microphone target point at an angle that is consistent with the recommendation of the system's manufacturer. If the manufacturer of the system does not recommend an angle of orientation for its microphone, the microphone shall be oriented toward the highway at an angle of not less than 70 degrees and not more than perpendicular to the horizontal plane of the traveled lane of the highway at the microphone target point.

(d) The sound level measurement system shall be set to the A-weighting network and "fast" meter response mode.

§452.5 Measurement Procedure; Highway Operations

(a) In accordance with the rules in this Part, a measurement shall be made of the sound level generated by a motor vehicle operating through the measurement area on the traveled lane of the highway within the test site, regardless of the highway grade, load, acceleration or deceleration.

(b) The sound level generated by the motor vehicle is the highest reading observed on the sound level measurement system as the vehicle passes through the measurement area, corrected, when appropriate, in accordance with the rules in Part 454 of this Title. (Table 1 in §450.3 lists the range of maximum permissible sound level readings for various test conditions.) The sound level of the vehicle being measured must be observed to rise at least six dB(A) before the maximum sound level occurs, and to fall at least six dB(A) after the maximum sound level occurs, in order to be considered a valid sound level reading.