Subpart 201-3: Permit Exempt and Trivial Activities
(Statutory authority: Environmental Conservation Law, §§ 1-0101, 3-0301, 3-0303, 19-0103, 19-0105, 19-0107, 19-0301, 19-0302, 19-0303,19-0305, 19-0306, 19-0311, 70-0109, 71-2103, and 71-2105; 40 CFR part 70; United States Code, § 7661[b], Federal Clean Air Act, §§ 160-169, 171-193 [42 U.S.C. 7470-7479; 7501-7515])
[Filed 9/22/04. Effective 30 days after filing. Adoption filed 1/23/13. Effective 30 days after filing]
For administrative information about this posting, contact: Division of Air Resources. The Bureau of Stationary Sources at (518) 402-8403 is the contact for technical questions pertaining to this rule.
(a) Except as provided in subdivision (c) of this section, the owner or operator of an emission source listed as an exempt or trivial activity in this Subpart is exempt from the registration and permitting provisions of Subparts 201-4, 201-5, and 201-6 of this Part. This does not mean that these activities are exempted from other applicable requirements or from applicable registration and/or permitting requirements of local air pollution control agencies.
(b) Unless otherwise provided for in this Chapter, emissions from exempt and trivial activities must be included in potential to emit calculations when determining whether an emission source is subject to:
(1) title V facility permitting pursuant to Subpart 201-6 of this Part; and/or
(2) new source review pursuant to Part 231 of this Title.
(c) If the total potential to emit for all exempt and trivial activities at a facility exceeds, or causes the facility to exceed, the major facility threshold, as defined in Subpart 201-2 of this Part, the facility is both subject to the provisions of Subpart 201-6 of this Part and no longer considered exempt or trivial for permitting purposes.
(d) If physical and/or operational restrictions are required to maintain the total potential to emit for one or more of the listed exempt and trivial activities below the title V applicability thresholds described in Subpart 201-6 of this Part, or new source review requirements described in Part 231 of this Title, the activity is no longer considered exempt or trivial for permitting purposes.
§201-3.2 Exempt activities
(a) The owner or operator of an emission source or activity that is listed as being exempt may be required to certify that it is operated within the specific criteria described in this Subpart. The owner or operator of any such emission source or activity must maintain all records necessary for demonstrating compliance with this Subpart on-site for a period of five years, and make them available to representatives of the department upon request.
(b) The owner or operator of any emission source or activity that is listed as being exempt on the basis of the use of appropriate emission controls shall operate and maintain those controls in a manner consistent with manufacturer's specifications and good engineering practices. Failure to do so constitutes a violation of this Part.
(c) The category headings used in the following listing of exempt activities are strictly for organizational purposes and are not intended to be definitive. The following activities are exempt from permitting requirements at non-title V facilities, but must be listed in title V facility permit applications:
(1) Stationary or portable combustion installations with:
(i) a maximum rated heat input capacity less than 10 million Btu/hr burning fuels other than coal or wood; or
(ii) a maximum rated heat input capacity of less than one million Btu/hr burning coal or wood.
This activity does not include combustion equipment burning any material classified as a solid waste, as defined in Part 360 of this Title, or waste oil, as defined in Subpart 225-2 of this Title.
(2) Space heaters burning waste oil at automotive service facilities, as defined in Subpart 225-2 of this Title, generated on-site or at a facility under common control, alone or in conjunction with used oil generated by a do-it-yourself oil changer as defined in Subpart 374-2 of this Title.
(3) Stationary or portable internal combustion engines which meet the following criteria:
(i) are liquid or gaseous fuel powered, and located within the New York City metropolitan area or the Orange County towns of Blooming Grove, Chester, Highlands, Monroe, Tuxedo, Warwick, or Woodbury, and have maximum mechanical power rating of less than 200 brake horsepower; or
(ii) are liquid or gaseous fuel powered, and located outside of the New York City metropolitan area or the Orange County towns of Blooming Grove, Chester, Highlands, Monroe, Tuxedo, Warwick, or Woodbury, and have maximum mechanical power rating of less than 400 brake horsepower; or
(iii) are gasoline powered and have a maximum mechanical power rating of less than 50 brake horsepower.
(5) Gas turbines with a heat input at peak load less than 10 million Btu per hour.
(6) Emergency power generating stationary internal combustion engines, as defined in section 200.1(cq) of this Title, and engine test cells at engine manufacturing facilities that are utilized for research and development, reliability performance testing, or quality assurance performance testing. Stationary internal combustion engines used for peak shaving and/or demand response programs are not exempt.
Combustion - Related
(7) Non-contact water cooling towers and water treatment systems for process cooling water and other water containers designed to cool, store or otherwise handle water that has not been in direct contact with gaseous or liquid process streams.
(8) Feed and grain milling, cleaning, conveying, drying and storage operations including grain storage silos, where such silos exhaust to an appropriate emission control device, excluding grain terminal elevators with permanent storage capacities over 2.5 million U.S. bushels, and grain storage elevators with capacities above one million bushels.
(9) Equipment used exclusively to slaughter animals, but not including other equipment at slaughterhouses, such as rendering cookers, boilers, heating plants, incinerators, and electrical power generating equipment.
Commercial - Food Service Industries
(10) Flour silos at bakeries, provided all such silos are exhausted through an appropriate emission control device.
(11) Emissions from flavorings added to a food product where such flavors are manually added to the product.
Commercial - Graphic Arts
(12) Screen printing inks/coatings or adhesives which are applied by a hand-held squeegee. A hand-held squeegee is one that is not propelled through the use of mechanical conveyance and is not an integral part of the screen printing process.
(13) Graphic arts processes at facilities located outside the New York City metropolitan area or the Orange County towns of Blooming Grove, Chester, Highlands, Monroe, Tuxedo, Warwick, or Woodbury whose facility-wide total emissions of volatile organic compounds from inks, coatings, adhesives, fountain solutions and cleaning solutions are less than three tons per year on a 12-month rolling basis.
(14) Graphic label and/or box labeling operations where the inks are applied by stamping or rolling.
(15) Graphic arts processes which are specifically exempted from regulation under Part 234 of this Title, with respect to emissions of volatile organic compounds which are not given an A rating as described in Part 212 of this Chapter.
Commercial - Other
(16) Gasoline dispensing sites registered with the department pursuant to Part 612 of this Chapter.
(17) Surface coating and related activities at facilities which use less than 25 gallons per month of total coating materials, or with actual VOC emissions of 1,000 pounds or less from coating materials in any 12-month period. Coating materials include all paints and paint components, other materials mixed with paints prior to application, and cleaning solvents, combined. This exemption is subject to the following:
(i) the facility is located outside of the New York City metropolitan area or the Orange County towns of Blooming Grove, Chester, Highlands, Monroe, Tuxedo, Warwick, or Woodbury; and
(ii) all abrasive cleaning and surface coating operations are performed in an enclosed building where such operations are exhausted into appropriate emission control devices.
(18) Abrasive cleaning operations which exhaust to an appropriate emission control device.
(19) Ultraviolet curing operations.
Municipal/Public Health Related
(20) Landfill gas ventilating systems at landfills with design capacities less than 2.5 million megagrams (3.3 million tons) and 2.5 million cubic meters (2.75 million cubic yards), where the systems are vented directly to the atmosphere, and the ventilating system has been required by, and is operating under, the conditions of a valid Part 360 permit, or order on consent;
(21) Distillate fuel oil, residual fuel oil, and liquid asphalt storage tanks with storage capacities below 300,000 barrels.
(22) Pressurized fixed roof tanks which are capable of maintaining a working pressure at all times to prevent emissions of volatile organic compound to the outdoor atmosphere.
(23) External floating roof tanks which are of welded construction and are equipped with a metallic-type shoe primary seal and a secondary seal from the top of the shoe seal to the tank wall.
(24) External floating roof tanks which are used for the storage of a petroleum or volatile organic liquid with a true vapor pressure less than 4.0 psi (27.6 kPa), are of welded construction and are equipped with one of the following:
(i) a metallic-type shoe seal;
(ii) a liquid-mounted foam seal;
(iii) a liquid-mounted liquid-filled type seal; or
(iv) equivalent control equipment or device.
(25) Storage tanks, including petroleum liquid storage tanks as defined in Part 229 of this Title, with capacities under 10,000 gallons, except those subject to either Part 229 or Part 233 of this Title.
(26) Horizontal petroleum or volatile organic liquid storage tanks.
(27) Storage silos storing solid materials, provided all such silos are exhausted through an appropriate emission control device. This exemption does not include raw material, clinker or finished product storage silos at Portland cement plants.
(28) Processing equipment at existing sand and gravel and stone crushing plants which were installed or constructed before August 31, 1983, where water is used for operations such as wet conveying, separating and washing. This exemption does not include processing equipment at existing sand and gravel and stone crushing plants where water is used for dust suppression.
(29) Any sand and gravel processing or crushed stone processing line at a non-metallic mineral processing facility that:
(i) is a permanent or fixed installation with a maximum rated processing capacity of 25 tons of minerals per hour or less;
(ii) is a portable emission source with a maximum rated processing capacity of 150 tons of minerals per hour or less; or
(iii) is used exclusively to screen minerals at a facility where no crushing or grinding takes place.
(31) Surface coating operations which are specifically exempted from regulation under Part 228 of this Title, with respect to emissions of volatile organic compounds which are not given an A rating pursuant to Part 212 of this Title.
(32) Pharmaceutical tablet branding operations.
(33) Thermal packaging operations, including but not limited to, therimage labeling, blister packing, shrink wrapping, shrink banding, and carton gluing;
(34) Powder coating operations.
(35) All tumblers used for the cleaning and/or deburring of metal products without abrasive blasting.
(36) Presses used exclusively for molding or extruding plastics except where halogenated carbon compounds or hydrocarbon solvents are used as foaming agents.
(37) Concrete batch plants where the cement weigh hopper and all bulk storage silos are exhausted through fabric filters, and the batch drop point is controlled by a shroud or other emission control device.
(38) Cement storage operations not located at Portland cement plants where materials are transported by screw or bucket conveyors.
(39) Solvent metal cleaning processes:
(i) Cold cleaning degreasers with an open surface area of 11 square feet or less and an internal volume of 93 gallons or less or, having an organic solvent loss of 3 gallons per day or less.
(ii) Cold cleaning degreasers that use a solvent with a VOC content of five percent or less by weight, unless subject to the requirements in 40 CFR 63, subpart T.
(iii) Conveyorized degreasers with an air/vapor interface smaller than 22 square feet (2.0 m2), unless subject to the requirements in 40 CFR 63, subpart T.
(iv) Open-top vapor degreasers with an open-top area smaller than 11 square feet (1.0 m2), unless subject to the requirements in 40 CFR 63, subpart T.
(40) Ventilating and exhaust systems for laboratory operations. Laboratory operations do not include processes having a primary purpose to produce commercial quantities of materials.
(41) Exhaust or ventilating systems for the melting of gold, silver, platinum and other precious metals.
(42) Exhaust systems for paint mixing, transfer, filling or sampling and/or paint storage rooms or cabinets, provided the paints stored within these locations are stored in closed containers when not in use.
(43) Exhaust systems for solvent transfer, filling or sampling, and/or solvent storage rooms provided the solvent stored within these locations are stored in closed containers when not in use.
(44) Research and development activities, including both stand-alone and activities within a major facility, until such time as the administrator completes a rule making to determine how the permitting program should be structured for these activities.
(45) The application of odor counteractants and/or neutralizers.
(46) Hydrogen fuel cells.
(47) Dry cleaning equipment that uses only water-based cleaning processes or those using liquid carbon dioxide.
(48) Manure spreading, handling and storage at farms and agricultural facilities.
§201-3.3 Trivial activities
(a) The owner or operator of an emission source or activity that is listed as being trivial in this section may be required to certify that it is operated within the specific criteria described in this Subpart. The owner or operator of any such emission source or activity must maintain all required records on-site for a period of five years and make them available to representatives of the department upon request.
(b) The owner or operator of any emission source or activity that is listed as being trivial in this section, on the basis of the use of appropriate emission controls, shall operate and maintain those controls in a manner consistent with manufacturer's specifications and good engineering practices. Failure to do so constitutes a violation of this Part.
(c) The category headings used in the following listing of trivial activities are strictly for organizational purposes and are not intended to be definitive. The following activities are trivial and are exempt from permitting requirements and do not need to be listed in the title V facility permit application:
(1) Boiler water treatment operations.
Domestic / Work Station Comfort and Related
(2) Any emission source or process constructed or operated at a domestic residence strictly for domestic use.
(3) Vacuum cleaning systems used exclusively for office type areas at industrial facilities, or commercial or residential housekeeping.
(4) Ventilating systems used exclusively for temperature and humidity control of buildings for the comfort of people living or working within the building except those systems which are subject to applicable requirements under title VI of the act.
(5) Exhaust systems for the storage of portable containers, drums, and bags of chemicals in rooms, buildings and warehouses, subject to the following:
(i) the rooms, buildings and warehouses subject to this exemption are solely for the purpose of chemical storage, and no mixing, transfer or filling operations with the exception of sampling for quality assurance/quality control purposes, take place within such areas; and
(ii) the chemicals stored in such areas are maintained in sealed containers.
(6) Smoking rooms and areas.
(7) Bathroom/toilet vents.
(8) Beauty salons and barber shops.
(9) Laundry dryers, extractors, or tumblers used to clean fabrics with water solutions of bleach and detergents, where the emissions of such operations are controlled by appropriate emission control devices.
Mobile Sources and Mobile Source Related
(10) Engine exhaust emissions and/or refueling emissions generated from mobile and portable powered vehicles and equipment used for the propulsion or operation of passengers and/or freight transportation vehicles, marine vehicles and equipment, construction and vehicles and equipment powered by non-road engines, farm vehicles and equipment, competition and entertainment vehicles and equipment, and/or any other type of mobile or portable engine powered vehicles or equipment when these vehicles or equipment are operated anywhere outside of an enclosed facility for the purpose of their design and intended use or for compliance assessment with any safety or emission control or inspection programs sanctioned by New York State, the Federal government or any governmental entity empowered to carry out such activities.
(11) Engine exhaust emissions and/or refueling emissions generated from mobile and portable powered vehicles and equipment such as competition and entertainment vehicles and equipment, farm vehicles and equipment, construction and vehicles and equipment powered by non-road engines, automobiles, motorcycles, trucks, buses, marine vehicles and equipment, small engine powered tools and equipment, or any other type of mobile or portable engine powered vehicles or equipment which are collected and/or vented in any manner to the outdoor atmosphere when these vehicles and equipment are operated inside of an enclosed structure or under a covered structure for the purposes of their design and intended use, public safety, comfort or entertainment, facility maintenance, vehicle or equipment repair, adjustment or testing, or compliance assessment with any safety or emission control or inspection programs sanctioned by New York State, the Federal government, or any governmental entity empowered to carry out such activities.
(12) The use of products such as antifreeze and fuel additives for the purpose of maintaining motor vehicles.
(13) Fugitive emissions related to movement of passenger vehicles, provided the emissions are not counted for applicability purposes and any required fugitive dust control plan or its equivalent is submitted.
(14) Ventilating systems used in buildings to house animals.
Commercial - Food Service Industries
(15) Emissions from process, exhaust or ventilating systems in bakeries and restaurants which derive over 50 percent of their revenues from retail sales on premises.
(16) Non-conveyorized bakery ovens, including batch ovens, which are defined as a non-conveyor belt oven operating a single baking cycle in which a determinate amount of product is cooked at one baking.
(17) Bakery ovens used exclusively to produce baked goods leavened chemically in the absence of yeast.
(18) Process or exhaust or ventilating systems involved in the preparation of food, food blanching or cooking in water.
(19) Process, exhaust or ventilating systems or stationary combustion installations exclusively involved in the production of maple syrup.
Commercial - Graphic Arts
(20) Lead melting pots used in printing establishments.
(21) Blueprint machines.
(22) Photocopying, photographic processing or related equipment.
(23) Proof press operations.
(24) Heat sealing operations which are used to seal and separate polyethylene and polypropylene bags.
Commercial - Other
(25) Batch process kilns used for firing ceramic ware, subject to the following:
(i) the exhaust stream does not contain emissions of fluorides, lead, and/or beryllium; and
(ii) the total heat input is less than one million Btu/hr.
Municipal/Public Health Related
(26) Equipment used exclusively to generate ozone for water treatment processes.
(27) Air stripping processes utilized on public drinking water supplies.
(28) Air strippers and soil vents used to remediate gasoline spills, where the air stripper or soil vent is located at a State-funded site, or required under the provisions of an order on consent or stipulation agreement, and the operation of the air strippers or soil vents are conducted under the supervision of the department and are properly controlled as required by the department.
(29) Air strippers and soil vents that are:
(i) required by the provisions of an order on consent; or
(ii) operated under an agreement with, and under the supervision of, the department; or
(iii) operated at a superfund site.
(30) Air strippers and soil vents operating for test purposes to qualify and quantify air emissions for remediation projects and for a time period acceptable to the department.
(31) Emissions from the storage and application of road salt (calcium chloride or sodium chloride).
(32) All process emission sources which are located at private, public, or vocational education institutions, where the emissions are primarily the result of teaching and training exercises, and the institution is not engaged in the manufacture of products for commercial sale.
(33) Emergency relief vents, stacks and ventilating systems except any with the potential to emit vinyl chloride located at a facility where ethylene dichloride, vinyl chloride and/or polyvinyl chloride are produced. This activity does not include bypass stacks or vents on incinerators or any other equipment, or any other vents or stacks that operate or release air contaminants to the outdoor atmosphere on a frequent or regular basis.
(34) Snow plowing, street sweeping, sanding and ashing of streets and roads to abate traffic hazards.
(35) Emergency road flares.
(36) Road and lot paving and striping operations.
(37) Public or private roadways, parking lots.
(38) Manhole covers.
(40) Storm drains and vents.
(41) Solid waste handling equipment, including but not limited to: dumpsters, transfer stations, wood chippers, recycling operations, composting operations, tub grinders, construction and demolition waste crushers and associated activities. This activity does not include solid waste incinerators and other thermal treatment technologies.
(42) Excavation for the repair of underground utility lines such as water, electric, or natural gas.
(43) Asbestos demolition and removal work subject to 40 CFR part 61, subpart M and/or 12 NYCRR Part 56.
(44) Storage vessels, tanks and containers with a capacity of less than 750 gallons.
Maintenance and Construction Related Activities
(45) The following activities are considered trivial when they occur strictly for maintenance or construction activities: plastic pipe welding, soldering, brazing, cutting torches, janitorial activities, steam cleaning, water washing, acid and caustic washing activities, miscellaneous use of solvents, adhesives and caulking, miscellaneous sandblasting, non-asbestos insulation removal, application of refractory and insulation, the periodic use of air for clean-up, and, the process of demolition and rebricking boilers, smelters, furnaces and kilns (this does not include the subsequent operation of such equipment), the surface coating of equipment and buildings as is related to maintenance and construction, and activities which occur for maintenance of grounds such as lawn care, weed control and pest control.
(46) Excavation for new construction.
(47) Degreasing units which exclusively use non-hazardous air pollutant acids.
(48) Degreasing units which exclusively use caustics (e.g., potassium hydroxide and sodium hydroxide).
(49) Remote reservoir parts cleaners whose use of solvent is contained to the immediate cleaning of the part, after which time the solvent is drained through a drain opening, not to exceed 16 square inches, and is returned to a remote reservoir containing the solvent.
(51) Cold cleaning degreasers with an internal volume less than or equal to two gallons.
(52) Hand-held or manually operated equipment used for buffing, polishing, carving, cutting, drilling, machining, routing, sanding, sawing, surface grinding, sand blasting or turning ceramic art work, ceramic precision parts, leather, metal parts, plastics, fiberboard, fiberglass, masonry, carbon, glass, graphite, wood or rubber.
(53) Manual surface coating/painting processes which exclusively use brushes, rollers, hand held spray guns with a capacity less than three ounces, or aerosol cans.
(54) Hand-held or manually operated welding, brazing and soldering equipment.
(55) Acetylene, butane, and propane torches.
(56) Equipment used for hydraulic or hydrostatic testing.
(57) Equipment lubricating systems, including metal cutting coolants and oils.
(58) Pneumatic starters used to start reciprocating engines, turbines, and other equipment.
(59) Instrument air systems, excluding fuel-fired compressors.
(60) Air vents from air compressors and pneumatically operated equipment emitting ambient air.
(61) Drum washing operations, where such operations are necessary to meet Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) standards.
(62) Vacuum producing devices where only ambient air and the oil emissions from the vacuum producing mechanism itself are exhausted.
(63) Woodworking operations where no surface coating takes place, provided such operations exhaust to a sawdust collection system controlled by an appropriate emission control device.
(64) Sawmills, provided all processes are located at least 500 feet from any recreational area, school, or private residence and all residues from debarking, planing, sawing, etc., are contained in such a manner as to minimize fugitive emissions.
(65) Equipment used to mix and package soaps, vegetable oil, grease, animal fat, and nonvolatile aqueous salt solutions, provided appropriate lids and covers are utilized.
(66) Drop hammers or hydraulic presses for forging or metalworking.
(67) Transportable chemical containers including rail cars, portable tanks, totes and trailers.
(68) Open fires as described in Part 215 of this Title.
(69) Fire training activities as described in Part 215 of this Title.
(70) Fire suppression systems.
(71) Fecal incinerators with a charging rate not exceeding 10 pounds per hour, such as those used on certain vehicles or other special cases.
(72) Paint mixing operations located at retail paint, hardware or department stores where the paint is sold in five gallon or smaller containers.
(73) Rifle and pistol ranges.
(74) Aircraft de-icing operations.
(75) Contaminant detectors, sampling devices and recorders.
(76) Emissions from natural gas odoring activities.
(77) Battery charging areas except those located at battery manufacturing plants.
(79) The venting of compressed natural gas, butane or propane gas cylinders.
(80) Coal car thaw-pit burners.
(81) Use of office equipment and products including, but not limited to, desktop printers, fax machines, scanners and photocopiers used as printers, but not including graphic arts processes as defined in Part 234 of this Title.
(82) Consumer use of paper trimmers/binders.
(83) Blacksmith forges.
(84) Carbon dioxide lasers, used only on metals and other materials which do not emit hazardous air pollutants in the process.
(85) Laser trimmers using appropriate emission control devices.
(86) Environmental chambers not using hazardous air pollutant gases.
(87) Shock chambers.
(88) Humidity chambers.
(89) Solar simulators.
(90) Process water filtration systems and demineralizers.
(91) Demineralized water tanks and demineralizer vents.
(92) Steam leaks.
(93) Steam vents.
(94) Emissions of water vapor, oxygen, nitrogen, inert gases such as argon, helium, neon, krypton and xenon, hydrogen, ethane, and trace constituents included in raw materials where the constituents are less than 1 percent by weight for any regulated air pollutant, or 0.1 percent by weight for any carcinogen listed by the United States Department of Health and Human Services' Twelfth Annual Report on Carcinogens (2011) (see Table 1, Section 200.9 of this Title).
(95) Emissions of carbon dioxide and methane, except where specifically regulated by a Federal or State law or regulation.
(96) Solvent cleaning of parts and equipment performed exclusively by hand wiping or hand cleaning.