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Part 193: Trees and Plants - Page 2

(Statutory authority:Environmental Conservation Law, § 3-0301, 9-0105, 9-1503)

[page 1 of 3] Pages in this Part: §193.1 to §193.2
[page 2 of 3] Pages in this Part: §193.3
[page 3 of 3] Pages in this Part: §193.4 to §193.8

Contents:

Sec.

§193.3 Protected native plants

All plants enumerated on the lists of endangered species in subdivision (a) of this section, threatened species in subdivision (b) of this section, rare species in subdivision (c) of this section, or exploitably vulnerable species in subdivision (d) of this section are protected native plants pursuant to section 9-1503 of the Environmental Conservation Law. The common names contained on these lists are included for information purposes only; the scientific name shall be used for the purpose of determining any violation. Site means a colony or colonies of plants separated from other colonies by at least one-half mile.

(a) Endangered native plants. The following are endangered native plants in danger of extirpation throughout all or a significant portion of their ranges within the state and requiring remedial action to prevent such extinction. Listed plants are those with five or fewer extant sites, or fewer than 1,000 individuals, or restricted to fewer than four U.S.G.S. 7 1/2 minute series maps, or species listed as endangered by the United States Department of Interior in the Code of Federal Regulations.

Scientific Name, Common Name

Acalypha virginica, Virginia Three-seeded Mercury
Aconitum noveboracense, Northern Monk's-hood
Adoxa moschatellina, Musk Root
Agalinis acuta, Sandplain Gerardia
Ageratina aromatica var. aromatica, Small White Snakeroot
Allium tricoccum var. burdickii, Burdick's Wild Leek
Amelanchier nantucketensis, Nantucket Juneberry
Ammophila breviligulata ssp. champlainensis, Champlain Beachgrass
Amphicarpum purshii, Peanut Grass
Anthoxanthum monticola ssp. monticola, Alpine Sweetgrass
Aplectrum hyemale, Puttyroot
Arnica lanceolata ssp. lanceolata, Lanceleaf Arnica
Arnoglossum atriplicifolium, Pale Indian-plantain
Asclepias variegata, White Milkweed
Asplenium bradleyi, Bradley's Spleenwort
Asplenium trichomanes-ramosum, Green Spleenwort
Astragalus neglectus, Cooper's Milkvetch
Atriplex dioica, Thickleaf Orach
Atriplex glabriuscula, Seaside Orach
Bartonia paniculata ssp. paniculata, Screw-stem
Betula glandulosa, Tundra Dwarf Birch
Betula minor, Dwarf White Birch
Bidens hyperborea var. hyperborea, Estuary Beggar-ticks
Blephilia ciliata, Downy Wood-mint
Bolboschoenus novae-angliae, Saltmarsh Bulrush
Botrychium campestre, Prairie Dunewort
Botrychium lunaria, Common Moonwort
Botrychium minganense, Mingan Moonwort
Botrychium rugulosum, Rugulose Grape Fern
Bouteloua curtipendula var. curtipendula, Side-oats Grama
Bromus nottowayanus, Nottoway Brome Grass
Buchnera americana, Blue-hearts
Calamagrostis perplexa, Wood Reedgrass
Calamagrostis porteri ssp. porteri, Porter's Reedgrass
Calamagrostis stricta ssp. stricta, Northern Reedgrass
Callitriche hermaphroditica, Autumnal Water-starwort
Calypso bulbosa, Calypso
Campanulastrum americanum, Tall Bellflower
Cardamine rotundifolia Mountain Watercress
Carex abscondita, Thicket Sedge
Carex aggregata, Glomerate Sedge
Carex amphibola, Narrow-leaved Sedge
Carex arcta, Northern Clustered Sedge
Carex atratiformis, Scabrous Black Sedge
Carex barrattii, Barratt's Sedge
Carex bullata, Button Sedge
Carex capillaris, Hair-like Sedge
Carex careyana, Carey's Sedge
Carex carolininana, Carolina sedge
Carex collinsii, Collins' Sedge
Carex conjuncta, Soft Fox Sedge
Carex decomposita, Cypress-knee Sedge
Carex echinoides, Bristly Nodding Sedge
Carex emoryi, Emory's Sedge
Carex frankii, Frank's Sedge
Carex garberi, Elk Sedge
Carex gynocrates, Northern Bog Sedge
Carex haydenii, Cloud Sedge
Carex livida, Livid Sedge
Carex meadii, Mead's Sedge
Carex mitchelliana, Mitchell's Sedge
Carex nigra, Black Sedge
Carex reznicekii, Reznicek's Sedge
Carex sartwellii, Sartwell's Sedge
Carex scirpoidea ssp. scirpoidea, Canadian Single-spike Sedge
Carex shortiana, Short's Sedge
Carex straminea, Straw Sedge
Carex striatula, Lined Sedge
Carex styloflexa, Bent Sedge
Carex sychnocephala, Many-head Sedge
Carex tenuiflora, Sparse-flowered Sedge
Carex tincta, Tinged Sedge
Carex typhina, Cat-tail Sedge
Carex vaginata, Sheathed Sedge
Carex venusta, Dark-green sedge
Carex wiegandii, Wiegand's Sedge
Castilleja coccinea, Scarlet Indian-paintbrush
Ceanothus herbaceus, Prairie Redroot
Chaerophyllum procumbens, Spreading Chervil
Chamaelirium luteum, Fairy Wand
Chasmanthium laxum, Slender Spikegrass
Cheilanthes lanosa, Wooly Lip-fern
Chenopodium berlandieri var. macrocalycium, Large-calyx Goosefoot
Collinsia verna, Blue-eyed-Mary
Corallorhiza striata var. striata, Striped Coralroot
Corema conradii, Broom Crowberry
Cornus drummondii, Rough-leaf Dogwood
Crassula aquatica, Water Pigmyweed
Crataegus berberifolia, Barberry-leaved Hawthorn
Crataegus mollis, Downy Hawthorn
Crataegus uniflora, Dwarf Hawthorn
Crotalaria sagittalis, Rattlebox
Cuscuta campestris, Field Dodder
Cuscuta cephalanthi, Button-bush Dodder
Cuscuta obtusiflora var. glandulosa, Southern Dodder
Cuscuta polygonorum, Smartweed Dodder
Cynoglossum virginianum var. virginianum, Wild Comfrey
Cynoglossum virginianum var. boreale, Northern Wild Comfrey
Cyperus echinatus, Globose Flatsedge
Cyperus flavescens, Yellow Flatsedge
Cyperus polystachyos var. texensis, Coast Flatsedge
Cyperus retrorsus var. retrorsus, Retrorse Flatsedge
Cypripedium candidum, Small White Ladyslipper
Cypripedium parviflorum var. parviflorum, Small Yellow Ladyslipper
Cystopteris protrusa, Lowland Fragile Fern
Descurainia pinnata ssp. brachycarpa, Northern Tansy-mustard
Desmodium humifusum, Spreading Tick-clover
Desmodium laevigatum, Smooth Tick-clover
Desmodium nuttallii, Nuttall's Tick-clover
Desmodium obtusum, Beggar-lice
Desmodium pauciflorum, Small-flowered Tick-clover
Dichanthelium leibergii, Leiberg's Panic Grass
Dichanthelium oligosanthes var. oligosanthes, Few-flowered Panic Grass
Dichanthelium scabriusculum, Panic Grass
Dichanthelium scoparium, Velvet Panic Grass
Dichanthelium wrightianum, Wright's Panic Grass
Digitaria filiformis, Slender Crabgrass
Diphasiastrum complanatum, Northern Running-pine
Diphasiastrum sitchense, Sitka Clubmoss
Draba glabella, Smooth Rock-cress
Dracocephalum parviflorum, American Dragonhead
Dryopteris celsa, Log Fern
Dryopteris fragrans, Fragrant Cliff Fern
Elatine americana, American Waterwort
Eleocharis aestuum, Tidal Spikerush
Eleocharis diandra, Wright's Spikerush
Eleocharis engelmannii, Engelmann's Spikerush
Eleocharis fallax, Creeping Spikerush
Eleocharis ovata, Ovate Spikerush
Eleocharis quadrangulata, Angled Spikerush
Eleocharis tenuis var. pseudoptera, Slender Spikerush
Eleocharis tricostata, Three-ribbed Spikerush
Elymus glaucus ssp. glaucus, Blue Wild Rye
Empetrum atropurpureum, Purple Crowberry
Epilobium hornemannii ssp. hornemannii, Alpine Willow-herb
Erechtites hieraciifolius var. megalocarpa, Fireweed
Erigenia bulbosa, Harbinger-of-spring
Erigeron hyssopifolius, Daisy Fleabane
Erigeron philadelphicus var. provancheri, Provancher's Fleabane
Eriophorum angustifolium ssp angustifolium, Narrow-leaf Cottongrass
Euonymus americanus, American Strawberry-bush
Eupatorium album var. album, White Boneset
Eupatorium leucolepis var. leucolepis, White-bracted Boneset
Eupatorium pubescens, Serrate Round-leaf Boneset
Eupatorium rotundifolium var. rotundifolium, Round-leaf Boneset
Euphorbia ipecacuanhae, American Ipecac
Eurybia radula, Swamp Aster
Festuca saximontana var. saximontana, Sheep Fescue
Galium concinnum, Shining Bedstraw
Galium kamtschaticum, Northern Wild-licorice
Gaylussacia bigeloviana, Dwarf Huckleberry
Gentiana saponaria, Soapwort Gentian
Gentianopsis virgata, Lesser Fringed Gentian
Geocaulon lividum, Purple Comandra
Geum macrophyllum var. macrophyllum, Bigleaf Yellow Avens
Gymnocladus dioicus, Kentucky Coffee Tree
Hackelia deflexa var. americana, Northern Stickseed
Halenia deflexa, Spurred Gentian
Hasteola suaveolens, Sweet-scented Indian-plantain
Hippuris vulgaris, Common Mare's-tail
Houstonia purpurea var. calycosa, Southern Bluets
Houstonia purpurea var. purpurea, Purple Bluets
Huperzia selago, Fir Clubmoss
Hydrocotyle ranunculoides, Floating Pennywort
Hydrocotyle verticillata, Whorled-pennywort
Hydrophyllum appendiculatum, Appendaged Waterleaf
Hylotelephium telephioides, Live-forever
Hypericum densiflorum, Bushy St. John's-wort
Hypericum denticulatum, Coppery St. John's-wort
Hypericum hypericoides ssp. multicaule, St. Andrew's Cross
Ipomoea pandurata, Wild Potato-vine
Iris virginica var. shrevei, Southern Blue Flag
Isoetes riparia, Riverbank Quillwort
Isotria medeoloides, Small Whorled Pogonia
Juncus ambiguus, Doubtful Toad-rush
Juncus biflorus, Large Grass-leaved Rush
Juncus brachycarpus, Short-fruit Rush
Juncus debilis, Weak Rush
Juncus ensifolius, Ensiform Rush
Juncus scirpoides, Scirpus-like Rush
Juncus stygius ssp. americanus, Moor-rush
Juncus subcaudatus, Woods-rush
Juniperus horizontalis, Creeping Juniper
Kalmia procumbens, Alpine Azalea
Lachnanthes caroliana, Carolina Redroot
Lactuca floridana, False Lettuce
Lactuca hirsuta, Downy Lettuce
Lathyrus venosus, Rough Veiny Vetchling
Lechea pulchella var. moniliformis, Bead Pinweed
Lemna perpusilla, Minute Duckweed
Lemna valdiviana, Pale Duckweed
Leptochloa fusca ssp. fascicularis, Salt-meadow Grass
Liatris cylindracea, Slender Blazing-star
Liatris scariosa var. nieuwlandii, Nieuwland's Blazing-star
Ligusticum scothicum ssp. scothicum, Scotch Lovage
Lilium michiganense, Michigan Lily
Liparis liliifolia, Large Twayblade
Lipocarpha micrantha, Dwarf Bulrush
Listera auriculata, Auricled Twayblade
Listera australis, Southern Twayblade
Listera convallarioides, Broad-lipped Twayblade
Lithospermum caroliniense ssp. croceum, Golden Puccoon
Littorella uniflora, American Shore-grass
Luzula spicata, Spiked Woodrush
Lycopus rubellus, Gypsy-wort
Lygodium palmatum, Climbing Fern
Lysimachia hybrida, Lance-leaved Loosestrife
Lysimachia quadriflora, Four-flowered Loosestrife
Lythrum lineare, Saltmarsh Loosestrife
Magnolia virginiana, Sweetbay Magnolia
Malaxis bayardii, Bayard's Adder's-mouth Orchid
Melanthium virginicum, Virginia Bunchflower
Monarda clinopodia, Basil-balm
Myriophyllum pinnatum, Green Parrot's-feather
Najas guadalupensis ssp. muenscheri, Hudson River Water-nymph
Najas guadalupensis ssp. olivacea, Southern Naiad
Najas marina, Holly-leaved Naiad
Oenothera laciniata, Cut-leaved Evening-primrose
Oldenlandia uniflora, Clustered Bluets
Oligoneuron houghtonii, Houghton's Goldenrod
Omalotheca sylvatica, Woodland Cudweed
Onosmodium virginianum, Virginia False Gromwell
Oxypolis rigidior, Stiff Cowbane
Panicum rigidulum var. elongatum, Tall Flat Panic Grass
Paspalum laeve, Field Beadgrass
Persicaria careyi, Carey's Smartweed
Persicaria setacea, Swamp Smartweed
Petasites frigidus var. palmatus, Sweet Coltsfoot
Phlox maculata ssp. maculata, Wild Sweet-william
Phlox pilosa, Downy Phlox
Physalis virginiana, Virginia Ground-cherry
Pinus echinata, Shortleaf Pine
Pinus virginiana, Virginia Pine
Platanthera ciliaris, Orange Fringed Orchis
Platanthera cristata, Crested Fringed Orchis
Platanthera hookeri, Hooker's Orchid
Platanthera leucophaea, Eastern Prairie Fringed Orchid
Poa cuspidata, Bluegrass
Poa glauca ssp. glauca, White Bluegrass
Poa interior, Inland Bluegrass
Poa laxa ssp. fernaldiana, Fernald's Bluegrass
Poa paludigena, Slender Marsh Bluegrass
Poa sylvestris, Woodland Bluegrass
Polygala lutea, Orange Milkwort
Polygonum aviculare ssp. buxiforme, Small's Knotweed
Polystichum lonchitis, Northern Holly-fern
Potamogeton diversifolius, Water-thread Pondweed
Potamogeton ogdenii, Ogden's Pondweed
Potamogeton strictifolius, Straight-leaf Pondweed
Potentilla paradoxa, Bushy Cinquefoil
Prenanthes boottii, Boott's Rattlesnake-root
Prenanthes crepidinea, Nodding Rattlesnake-root
Prunus pumila var. pumila, Low Sand-cherry
Pseudognaphalium micradenium, Catfoot
Pseudolycopodiella caroliniana, Carolina Clubmoss
Ptelea trifoliata ssp. trifoliata, Wafer-ash
Pteridium aquilinum var. pseudocaudatum, Southeastern Bracken
Pterospora andromedea, Giant Pine-drops
Pycnanthemum clinopodioides, Basil Mountain-mint
Pycnanthemum torrei, Torrey's Mountain-mint
Pycnanthemum verticillatum var. verticillatum, Whorled Mountain-mint
Pyrola minor, Snowline Wintergreen
Pyxidanthera barbulata, Flowering Pixiemoss
Quercus phellos, Willow Oak
Quercus shumardii var. shumardii, Shumard Oak
Ranunculus cymbalaria, Seaside Crowfoot
Ranunculus hispidus var. nitidus, Swamp Buttercup
Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. leedyi, Leedy's Roseroot
Rhodiola rosea, Roseroot
Rhododendron lapponicum var. lapponicum, Lapland Rosebay
Rhynchospora pallida, Pale Beakrush
Rosa acicularis ssp. sayi, Prickly Rose
Rubus cuneifolius, Sand Blackberry
Rumex fueginus, Golden Dock
Rumex hastatulus Heart Sorrel
Rumex persicarioides, Seaside Dock
Sabatia angularis, Rose-pink
Sabatia campanulata, Slender Marsh-pink
Sagina decumbens ssp. decumbens, Small-flowered Pearlwort
Sagittaria teres, Quill-leaf Arrowhead
Salix herbacea, Dwarf Willow
Salvia lyrata, Lyre-leaf Sage
Saxifraga oppositifolia ssp. oppositifolia, Purple Mountain-saxifrage
Saxifraga paniculata ssp. neogaea, White Mountain-saxifrage
Schizaea pusilla, Curlygrass Fern
Schoenoplectus heterochaetus, Slender Bulrush
Scirpus ancistrochaetus, Northeastern Bulrush
Scirpus georgianus, Georgia Bulrush
Scleria minor, Slender Nutrush
Scleria muehlenbergii, Reticulate Nutrush
Scleria pauciflora var. caroliniana, Few-flowered Nutrush
Scleria triglomerata, Whip Nutrush
Scleria verticillata, Low Nutrush
Scutellaria incana var. incana, Hoary Skullcap
Scutellaria integrifolia, Hyssop-skullcap
Selaginella eclipes, Hidden Spike-moss
Sesuvium maritimum, Sea Purslane
Sisyrinchium mucronatum, Michaux's Blue-eyed-grass
Smallanthus uvedalius, Bear's-foot
Smilax pseudochina, False China-root
Smilax pulverulenta, Jacob's-ladder
Solidago latissimifolia, Coastal Goldenrod
Solidago sempervirens var. mexicana, Seaside Goldenrod
Solidago simplex var. racemosa, Mountain Goldenrod
Sphenopholis obtusata, Prairie Wedgegrass
Sphenopholis pensylvanica, Swamp Oats
Spinulum canadense, Northern Bristly Club-moss
Spiraea septentrionalis, Mountain Meadow-sweet
Spiranthes vernalis, Spring Ladies'-tresses
Sporobolus clandestinus, Rough Rush-grass
Strophostyles umbellata, Pink Wild Bean
Stuckenia filiformis ssp. alpina, Slender Pondweed
Stuckenia filiformis ssp. occidentalis, Sheathed Pondweed
Suaeda linearis, Narrow-leaf Sea-blite
Suaeda rolandii, Roland's Sea-blite
Subularia aquatica var. americana, Water Awlwort
Symphyotrichum ciliolatum, Lindley's Aster
Symphyotrichum concolor var. concolor, Silvery Aster
Symphyotrichum laeve var. concinnum, Smooth Blue Aster
Symphyotrichum lanceolatum var. interior, Tall White Aster
Symphyotrichum oolentangiense var. oolentangiense, Sky-blue Aster
Thalictrum venulosum var. confine, Veiny Meadow-rue
Thaspium barbinode, Meadow-parsnip
Tilia american var. heterophylla, White Basswood
Tipularia discolor, Cranefly Orchid
Triantha glutinosa, Sticky False Asphodel
Trichomanes intricatum, Appalachian Trichomanes
Trichophorum clintonii, Clinton's Clubrush
Trichostema setaceum, Tiny Blue-Curls
Trillium flexipes, Nodding Trillium
Trillium sessile, Toad-shade
Trisetum melicoides, Melic-oats
Utricularia juncea, Rush Bladderwort
Uvularia puberula, Mountain Bellwort
Vaccinium cespitosum, Dwarf Blueberry
Valeriana uliginosa, Marsh Valerian
Valerianella chenopodiifolia, Goosefoot Corn-salad
Valerianella umbilicata, Navel-fruited Corn-salad
Vernonia gigantea ssp. gigantea, Tall Ironweed
Viburnum nudum var. nudum, Possum-haw
Viola bicolor, Field Pansy
Viola brittoniana, Coast Violet
Viola hirsutula, Southern Wood Violet
Viola nephrophylla, Northern Bog Violet
Viola novae-angliae, New England Violet
Vitis vulpina, Winter Grape
Vittaria appalachiana, Appalachian Shoestring Fern
Woodsia alpina, Alpine Cliff Fern
Woodsia glabella, Smooth Cliff Fern

(b) Threatened native plants. The following are threatened native plants that are likely to become endangered within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of their ranges within the state. Listed plants are those with six to fewer than 20 extant sites, or 1,000 to fewer than 3,000 individuals, or restricted to not less than four or more than seven U.S.G.S. 7 1/2 minute series maps, or species listed as threatened by the United State Department of Interior in the Code of Federal Regulations.

Scientific Name, Common Name

Agalinis maritima var. maritima, Seaside Gerardia
Agastache nepetoides, Yellow Giant-hyssop
Agrimonia rostellata, Woodland Agrimony
Agrostis mertensii, Northern Bentgrass
Aletris farinosa, Stargrass
Alisma gramineum, Water-plantain
Allium cernuum var. cernuum, Nodding Wild Onion
Amaranthus pumilus, Seabeach Amaranth
Angelica lucida, Seacoast Angelica
Anticlea elegans ssp. glaucus, Mountain Death Camas
Arethusa bulbosa, Dragon's Mouth Orchid
Argentina egedii ssp. egedii, Coastal Silverweed
Asclepias purpurascens, Purple Milkweed
Asclepias viridiflora, Green Milkweed
Asimina triloba, Pawpaw
Asplenium montanum, Mountain Spleenwort
Asplenium scolopendrium var. americanum, Hart's-tongue Fern
Betula pumila, Swamp Birch
Bidens laevis, Smooth Bur-marigold
Boechera dentata, Toothed Rock-cress
Boechera grahamii, Purple Rock-cress
Boechera missouriensis, Green Rock-cress
Boechera stricta, Drummond's Rock-cress
Bolboschoenus maritimus ssp. paludosus, Seaside Bulrush
Botrychium oneidense, Blunt-lobe Grape Fern
Calamagrostis stricta ssp. inexpansa, New England Northern Reedgrass
Callitriche terrestris, Terrestrial Starwort
Cardamine douglassii, Purple Cress
Cardamine longii, Long's Bittercress
Carex backii, Back's Sedge
Carex bigelowii, Bigelow's Sedge
Carex buxbaumii, Brown Bog Sedge
Carex chordorrhiza, Creeping Sedge
Carex crawei, Crawe's Sedge
Carex cumulata, Clustered Sedge
Carex davisii, Davis' Sedge
Carex debilis var. debilis, White-edge Sedge
Carex formosa, Handsome Sedge
Carex glaucodea, Glaucous Sedge
Carex hormathodes, Marsh Straw Sedge
Carex houghtoniana, Houghton's Sedge
Carex jamesii, James' Sedge
Carex lupuliformis, False Hop Sedge
Carex merritt-fernaldii, Fernald's Sedge
Carex mesochorea, Midland Sedge
Carex molesta, Troublesome Sedge
Carex nigromarginata, Black-edge Sedge
Carex retroflexa, Reflexed Sedge
Carex schweinitzii, Schweinitz' Sedge
Carya laciniosa, Big Shellbark Hickory
Cenchrus tribuloides, Dune Sandspur
Chamaecyparis thyoides, Atlantic White Cedar
Chenopodium rubrum, Red Pigweed
Corydalis aurea, Golden Corydalis
Crocanthemum dumosum, Bushy Rockrose
Crocanthemum propinquum, Early Frostweed
Cyperus lupulinus ssp. lupulinus, Hop Sedge
Cypripedium arietinum, Ram's-head Ladyslipper
Desmodium ciliare, Little-leaf Tick-trefoil
Diapensia lapponica var. lapponica, Diapensia
Diarrhena obovata, Beakgrass
Diospyros virginiana, Persimmon
Draba arabisans, Rock-cress
Draba reptans, Carolina Whitlow-grass
Eleocharis equisetoides, Knotted Spikerush
Eleocharis tuberculosa, Long-tubercled Spikerush
Eleocharis uniglumis var. halophila, Salt-marsh Spikerush
Endodeca serpentaria, Virginia Snakeroot
Equisetum palustre, Marsh Horsetail
Equisetum pratense, Meadow Horsetail
Eupatorium album var. subvenosum, White Boneset
Eupatorium torreyanum, Fringed Boneset
Eurybia spectabilis, Showy Aster
Fimbristylis castanea, Marsh Fimbry
Frasera caroliniensis, Green Gentian
Geum triflorum var. triflorum, Prairie-smoke
Geum virginianum, Rough Avens
Hedeoma hispida, Mock-pennyroyal
Helianthus angustifolius, Swamp Sunflower
Hottonia inflata, Featherfoil
Hydrangea arborescens, Wild Hydrangea
Hydrastis canadensis, Golden-seal
Hypericum adpressum, Creeping St. John's-wort
Hypericum prolificum, Shrubby St. John's-wort
Iris prismatica, Slender Blue Flag
Jeffersonia diphylla, Twin-leaf
Juncus trifidus, Arctic Rush
Lechea tenuifolia, Slender Pinweed
Lespedeza angustifolia, Narrow-leaved Bush-clover
Lespedeza stuevei, Velvety Bush-clover
Liatris scariosa var. novae-angliae, Northern Blazing-star
Lilaeopsis chinensis, Eastern Grasswort
Linum intercursum, Sandplain Wild Flax
Linum medium var. texanum, Southern Yellow Flax
Linum sulcatum, Yellow Wild Flax
Ludwigia sphaerocarpa, Globe-fruited Ludwigia
Lycopus amplectens, Water-horehound
Myriophyllum alterniflorum, Water Milfoil
Myriophyllum farwellii, Farwell's Water-milfoil
Oenothera oakesiana, Oakes' Evening Primrose
Oligoneuron ohioense, Ohio Goldenrod
Oligoneuron rigidum var. rigidum, Stiff-leaf Goldenrod
Orontium aquaticum, Golden Club
Oxalis violacea, Violet Wood-sorrel
Pedicularis lanceolata, Swamp Lousewort
Pellaea glabella ssp. glabella, Smooth Cliff Brake
Pinguicula vulgaris, Butterwort
Piptatherum canadense, Canada Ricegrass
Plantago maritima var. juncoides, Seaside Plantain
Podostemum ceratophyllum, Riverweed
Polygala nuttallii, Nuttall's Milkwort
Polygonum douglasii, Douglas' Knotweed
Populus heterophylla, Swamp Cottonwood
Potamogeton alpinus, Northern Pondweed
Potamogeton hillii, Hill's Pondweed
Potamogeton pulcher, Spotted Pondweed
Primula mistassinica, Bird's-eye Primrose
Proserpinaca pectinata, Comb-leaved Mermaid-weed
Prunus pumila var. depressa, Dwarf Sand-cherry
Pycnanthemum muticum, Blunt Mountain-mint
Pyrola asarifolia ssp. asarifolia, Pink Wintergreen
Rhododendron canadense, Rhodora
Rhynchospora inundata, Drowned Beakrush
Rhynchospora nitens, Short-beaked Beakrush
Rorippa aquatica, Lake-cress
Rotala ramosior, Tooth-cup
Sabatia stellaris, Sea-pink
Sagittaria montevidensis var. spongiosa, Spongy Arrowhead
Salicornia bigelovii, Dwarf Glasswort
Salix cordata, Sand Dune Willow
Salix uva-ursi, Bearberry Willow
Saxifraga aizoides, Yellow Mountain-saxifrage
Sericocarpus linifolius, Flax-leaf Whitetop
Silene caroliniana ssp. pensylvanica, Wild Pink
Solidago leiocarpa, Alpine Goldenrod
Solidago simplex var. monticola, Rand's Mountain Goldenrod
Sparganium natans, Small Bur-reed
Sporobolus heterolepis, Northern Dropseed
Stachys hyssopifolia, Rough Hedge-nettle
Stellaria longipes, Longstalk Starwort
Symphyotrichum boreale, Northern Bog Aster
Symphyotrichum subulatum var. subulatum, Saltmarsh Aster
Trichophorum cespitosum ssp. cespitosum, Deer's Hair Sedge
Triglochin palustre, Marsh Arrow-grass
Triphora trianthophora, Nodding Pogonia
Tripsacum dactyloides, Northern Gamma Grass
Ulmus thomasii, Cork Elm
Utricularia radiata, Small Floating Bladderwort
Utricularia striata, Fibrous Bladderwort
Vaccinium boreale, High-mountain Blueberry
Veronicastrum virginicum, Culver's-root
Viburnum dentatum var. venosum, Southern Arrowwood
Viburnum edule, Squashberry
Viola primulifolia, Primrose-leaf Violet
Xyris smalliana, Large Yellow-eyed-grass

(c) Rare native plants. The following are rare native plants that have from 20 to 35 extant sites or 3,000 to 5,000 individuals statewide.

Scientific Name, Common Name

Agalinis fasciculata, Fascicled False Foxglove
Agalinis paupercula var. borealis, Northern False Foxglove
Agrimonia parviflora, Swamp Agrimony
Angelica venenosa, Hairy Angelica
Asclepias verticillata, Whorled Milkweed
Betula nigra, River Birch
Bidens bidentoides, Delmarva Beggar-ticks
Calamagrostis pickeringii, Pickering's Reedgrass
Carex albicans var. emmonsii, Emmons' Sedge
Carex atherodes, Awned Sedge
Carex bicknellii, Bicknell's Sedge
Carex bushii, Bush's Sedge
Carex cryptolepis, Northeastern Sedge
Carex muehlenbergii var. enervis, Muhlenberg's Sedge
Carex oligosperma, Few-seed Sedge
Carex striata var. brevis, Walter's Sedge
Carex willdenowii, Willdenow's Sedge
Celastrus scandens, American Bittersweet
Ceratophyllum echinatum, Prickly Hornwort
Clintonia umbellulata, Speckled Woodlily
Coreopsis rosea, Rose Coreopsis
Corydalis flavula, Yellow Harlequin
Cuscuta compacta, Sessile Dodder
Cuscuta pentagona, Five-angled Field-dodder
Cyperus erythrorhizos, Red-rooted Flatsedge
Cyperus houghtonii, Houghton's Flatsedge
Cyperus odoratus, Rusty Flatsedge
Cyperus schweinitzii, Schweinitz's Flatsedge
Drosera filiformis, Dew-thread
Eleocharis melanocarpa, Black-fruited Spikerush
Eleocharis robbinsii, Robbins Spikerush
Empetrum nigrum, Black Crowberry
Fuirena pumila, Dwarf Umbrella Sedge
Heteranthera reniformis, Kidneyleaf Mud-plantain
Heuchera americana var. americana, American Alumroot
Huperzia appressa, Appalachian Firmoss
Hydrocotyle umbellata, Water-pennywort
Hypericum ascyron, Great St. John's-wort
Isoetes lacustris, Large-spored Quillwort
Lathyrus ochroleucus, Creamy Wild-pea
Lechea racemulosa, Illinois Pinweed
Lespedeza frutescens, Violet Bush-clover
Lespedeza repens, Trailing Bush-clover
Limosella australis, Mudwort
Linum striatum, Stiff Yellow Flax
Lobelia nuttallii, Nuttall's Lobelia
Lupinus perennis, Wild Lupine
Luzula bulbosa, Hairy Woodrush
Luzula echinata, Spiny Woodrush
Mimulus alatus, Winged Monkeyflower
Minuartia caroliniana, Pine-barren Sandwort
Minuartia glabra, Appalachian Sandwort
Minuartia groenlandica, Mountain Sandwort
Oclemena nemoralis, Bog Aster
Oligoneuron album, Upland Goldenrod
Panicum amarum, Bitter Panic Grass
Panicum flexile, Wiry Panic Grass
Phragmites australis ssp. americanus, American Phragmites
Pinus banksiana, Jack Pine
Plantago cordata, Heartleaf Plantain
Polemonium vanbruntiae, Jacob's-ladder
Polygala cruciata var. aquilonia, Cross-leaf Milkwort
Polygonum glaucum, Seabeach Knotweed
Polygonum tenue, Slender Knotweed
Potamogeton confervoides, Algae-like Pondweed
Ptilimnium capillaceum, Mock Bishop's-weed
Quercus marilandica var. marilandica, Blackjack Oak
Ranunculus micranthus, Small-flowered Crowfoot
Rhynchospora fusca, Sooty Beakrush
Rhynchospora macrostachya, Tall Beakrush
Rhynchospora scirpoides, Long-beaked Beakrush
Sagittaria subulata, Strap-leaf Arrowhead
Salix pyrifolia, Balsam Willow
Scheuchzeria palustris, Pod Grass
Scleria reticularis, Reticulated Nutrush
Scutellaria parvula var. parvula, Small Skullcap
Symphyotrichum ontarionis, Ontario Aster
Symphyotrichum tenuifolium var. tenuifolium, Slender Saltmarsh Aster
Trichostema brachiatum, False-pennyroyal
Trollius laxus, Spreading Globeflower
Utricularia geminiscapa, Hiddenfruit Bladderwort
Utricularia minor, Lesser Bladderwort
Utricularia subulata, Zigzag Bladderwort
Vaccinium uliginosum, Bog Bilberry
Veronica peregrina ssp. xalapensis, Neckweed
Viola pedata, Bird's-foot Violet

(d) Exploitably vulnerable native plants. The following are exploitably vulnerable native plants likely to become threatened in the near future throughout all or a significant portion of their ranges within the state if causal factors continue unchecked.

Scientific Name, Common Name

Actaea pachypoda, White Baneberry
Actaea rubra, Baneberry
Adiantum pedatum, Maidenhair Fern
Arisaema dracontium, Green Dragon
Asclepias tuberose ssp. interior, Butterfly-weed
Asplenium platyneuron var. platyneuron, Ebony Spleenwort
Asplenium rhizophyllum, Walking Fern
Asplenium ruta-muraria, Wall-rue Spleenwort
Asplenium trichomanes ssp. quadrivalens, Maidenhair Spleenwort
Asplenium trichomanes ssp. trichomanes, Maidenhair Spleenwort
Athyrium filix-femina ssp. angustum, Lady Fern
Athyrium filix-femina ssp. asplenioides, Lady Fern
Azolla caroliniana, Mosquito-fern
Botrychium dissectum, Cut-leaf Grape Fern
Botrychium lanceolatum ssp. angustisegmentum, Lance-leaf Grape Fern
Botrychium matricariifolium, Matricary Grape Fern
Botrychium multifidum, Leathery Grape Fern
Botrychium simplex, Least Moonwort
Botrychium virginianum, Rattlesnake Fern
Calopogon tuberosus var. tuberosus, Grass Pink
Campanula rotundifolia, Harebell
Celastrus scandens, American Bittersweet
Chelone glabra, Turtle-heads
Chimaphila maculata, Spotted Wintergreen
Chimaphila umbellate ssp. cisatlantica, Pipsissewa
Clintonia umbellulata, Speckled Woodlily
Coeloglossum viride, Long-bracted Orchid
Conopholis americana, Squawroot
Corallorhiza maculate var. maculata, Spotted Coralroot
Corallorhiza odontorhiza var. odontorhiza, Autumn Coralroot
Corallorhiza odontorhiza var. pringlei, Autumn Coralroot
Cornus florida, Flowering Dogwood
Cryptogramma stelleri, Slender Cliff Brake
Cypripedium acaule, Pink Ladyslipper
Cypripedium parviflorium var. makasin, Small Yellow Ladyslipper
Cypripedium parviflorium var. parviflorium, Small Yellow Ladyslipper
Cypripedium parviflorium var. pubescens, Yellow Ladyslipper
Cypripedium reginae, Showy Ladyslipper
Cystopteris bulbifera, Bulblet Fern
Cystopteris fragilis, Common Fragile Fern
Cystopteris tenuis, Fragile Fern
Dendrolycopodium dendroideum, Northern Tree Clubmoss
Dendrolycopodium obscurum, Ground Pine
Deparia acrostichoides, Silvery Spleenwort
Diphasiastrum digitatum, Running-pine
Diphasiastrum tristachyum, Ground Cedar
Diplazium pycnocarpon, Glade Fern
Drosera filiformis, Dewthread
Drosera intermedia, Sundew
Drosera rotundifolia var. comosa, Sundew
Drosera rotundifolia var. rotundifolia, Sundew
Dryopteris campyloptera, Mountain Wood Fern
Dryopteris carthusiana, Spinulose Wood Fern
Dryopteris clintoniana, Clinton's Shield Fern
Dryopteris cristata, Crested Wood Fern
Dryopteris goldiana, Giant Wood Fern
Dryopteris intermedia ssp. intermedia, Fancy Fern
Dryopteris marginalis, Marginal Wood Fern
Epigaea repens, Trailing Arbutus
Euonymus obovata, Running Strawberry-bush
Galearis spectabilis, Showy Orchis
Gentiana andrewsii, Closed Gentian
Gentiana clausa, Blind Gentian
Gentiana linearis, Closed Gentian
Gentianella quinquefolia ssp. quinquefolia, Stiff Gentian
Gentianopsis crinita,
Fringed Gentian
Goodyera pubescens, Downy Rattlesnake-plantain
Goodyera repens, Dwarf Rattlesnake-plantain
Goodyera tesselata, Rattlesnake Plantain
Gymnocarpium dryopteris, Oak Fern
Huperzia lucidula, Shining Firmoss
Ilex glabra, Gallberry
Ilex laevigata, Smooth Winterberry
Ilex montana, Mountain Winterberry
Ilex opaca var. opaca, American Holly
Ilex verticillata, Black Alder
Isotria verticillata, Large Whorled Pogonia
Juglans cinerea, Butternut
Kalmia angustifolia, Sheep Laurel
Kalmia latifolia, Mountain Laurel
Kalmia polifolia, Bog Laurel
Lilium canadense spp. canadense, Canada Lily
Lilium canadense spp. editorium, Canada Lily
Lilium philadelphicum, Woodlily
Lilium superbum, Turk's-cap Lily
Limonium carolinianum, Sea Lavender
Liparis loeselii, Bog Twayblade
Listera cordata var. cordata, Heartleaf Twayblade
Lobelia cardinalis, Cardinal-flower
Lobelia dortmanna, Water Lobella
Lycopodiella alopecuroides, Foxtail Clubmoss
Lycopodiella appressa, Swamp Clubmoss
Lycopodiella inundata, Northern Bog Clubmoss
Lycopodium clavatum, Running Cedar
Malaxis monophyllos var. brachypoda, White Adder's-mouth
Malaxis unifolia, Green Adder's-mouth
Matteuccia struthiopteris, Ostrich Fern
Mertensia virginica, Virginia Bluebells
Monarda didyma, Bee-balm
Myrica caroliniensis, Bayberry
Ophioglossum pusillum, Adder's-tongue
Opuntia humifusa var. humifusa, Eastern Prickly Pear
Osmunda cinnamomea, Cinnamon Fern
Osmunda claytoniana, Interrupted Fern
Osmunda regalis ssp. spectabilis, Royal Fern
Panax quinquefolius, Ginseng
Parnassia glauca, Grass-of-parnassus
Pellaea atropurpurea, Purple Cliff Brake
Phegopteris connectilis, Northern Beech Fern
Phegopteris hexagonoptera, Broad Beech Fern
Platanthera blephariglottis var. blephariglottis, White Fringed Orchid
Platanthera clavellata, Green Wooldland Orchid
Platanthera dilatata var. dilatata, Bog-candle
Platanthera flava var. herbiola, Tubercled Orchid
Platanthera grandiflora, Large Purple Fringed Orchid
Platanthera aquilonis, Northern Green Orchid
Platanthera lacera, Ragged Fringed Orchid
Platanthera obtusata,
Blunt-leaved Orchid
Platanthera orbiculata, Large Round-leaved Orchid
Platanthera psycodes, Small Purple Fringed Orchid
Pogonia ophioglossoides, Rose Pogonia
Polypodium virginianum, Rock Polypody
Polystichum acrostichoides, Christmas Fern
Polystichum braunii, Braun's Holly Fern
Rhododendron maximum, Great Laurel
Rhododendron periclymenoides, Pinkster
Rhododendron prinophyllum, Early Azalea
Rhododendron viscosum, Swamp Azalea
Salvinia minima, Water-fern
Sanguinaria canadensis, Bloodroot
Sarracenia purpurea, Pitcher-plant
Silene caroliniana spp. pensylvanica, Wild Pink
Spinulum annotinum, Bristly Clubmoss
Spiranthes casei var. casei, Lady's-tresses
Spiranthes cernua, Nodding Lady's-tresses
Spiranthes lacera var. lacera, Slender Lady's-tresses
Spiranthes lucida, Wide-leaved Lady's-tresses
Spiranthes ochroleuca, Creamy Lady's-tresses
Spiranthes romanzoffiana, Hooded Lady's-tresses
Spiranthes tuberosa, Little Lady's-tresses
Thelypteris noveboracensis, New York Fern
Thelypteris palustris var. pubescens, Marsh Fern
Thelypteris simulata, Massachusetts Fern
Trillium cernuum, Nodding Trillium
Trillium erectum, Purple Trillium
Trillium grandiflorum, White Trillium
Trillium undulatum, Painted Trillium
Viola pedata, Bird's-foot Violet
Vittaria appalachiana, Grass Fern
Woodsia ilvensis, Rusty Woodsia
Woodsia obtuse spp. obtusa, Blunt-lobed Woodsia
Woodwardia areolata, Netted Chain Fern
Woodwardia virginica, Virginia Chain Fern

(e) It is a violation for any person, anywhere in the state, to pick, pluck, sever, remove, damage by the application of herbicides or defoliants, or carry away, without the consent of the owner, any protected plant. Each protected plant so picked, plucked, severed, removed, damaged or carried away shall constitute a separate violation.