Trail Information for the Northeastern Adirondacks
Updated: December 18, 2014
WARNING: Wilderness conditions can change suddenly. All users should plan accordingly, including bringing flashlight, first aid equipment, extra food and clothing. Weather conditions may alter your plans; you should always be prepared to spend an unplanned night in the woods before entering the back country. Back country hiking trails can be rugged and rough-they are not maintained as park walkways-wear proper footwear!
Report back country emergencies, such as lost or injured hikers, and wildland fires to the DEC Forest Rangers at 518-891-0235.
Mountain Weather Forecast: Weather is an important factor in preparing for hiking or camping in the Adirondack backcountry. Often there is considerable difference in weather conditions at the trailhead and those experienced in the higher elevations. The National Weather Service in Burlington provides a weather forecast for elevations above 3000 feet and spot forecasts for the summits of a handful of the highest peaks in Clinton, Essex and Franklin County. Use the link near the bottom of the right column to access the forecast.
Lake Champlain Weather Forecast: Weather is also an important factor in preparing for paddling or boat particularly on large bodies of water such as Lake Champlain. The National Weather Service in Burlington provides a weather forecast for Lake Champlain. Use the link near the bottom of the right column to access the forecast.
Be Prepared in Autumn
- Your own physical capabilities, knowledge of backcountry recreation and skill level
- The distance you plan to travel and the terrain and conditions you will encounter
- Check (before entering the backcountry)
- With the Local Forest Ranger for current information
- Current weather conditions and short-term forecast
- Waterproof hiking boots and gaiters
- Layers of wool, fleece or other non-cotton clothing
- Hat and gloves or mittens
- Sunglasses (if sunny)
- Map and compass - know how to use them and use them!
- Flashlight or headlamp & extra batteries
- Traction devices to prevent slips and falls on snow and ice
- Pocket knife or other multi-tool device
- Plenty of food and water
- Extra clothes and socks
- Waterproof jacket and pants
- Bivy sack or space blankets in case you need to spend the night in woods
- Fire starter supplies - waterproof matches, butane lighter, candles, starter material, etc.
- Always inform someone of your itinerary and when you expect to return
Organized Events on State Lands: DEC regulation (190.8(cc)) prohibits any person from sponsoring, conducting or participating in any organized event of more than twenty people unless authorized by DEC under a temporary revocable permit (TRP). DEC seeks to ensure that large groups recreate on forest preserve lands 1) at locations, 2) during certain periods and 3) following practices that minimize their impacts on trails, vegetation, wildlife and other users.
Motorized Equipment in Wilderness, Primitive and Canoe Areas: DEC has adopted a regulation (Section 196.8)prohibiting the use of motorized equipment in lands classified as wilderness, primitive or canoe. Public use of small personal electronic or mechanical devices such as cameras, radios or GPS receivers are not affected this new regulation. See in the DEC Regulations.
Camping Group Sizes in Wilderness, Primitive and Canoe Areas: DEC regulation (Section 190.4) requires that groups of ten or more persons camping on state land obtain a permit from a forest ranger. DEC policy prohibits issuing group camping permits to groups wanting to camp on forest preserve lands in the Adirondacks that are classified as wilderness, primitive or canoe area. This policy was developed to protect natural resources, the primeval character of the area and exceptional wilderness experiences for all recreationists, and follows Leave No Trace practices. Except for the eastern High Peaks Wilderness, Pharaoh Lake Wilderness and the William C. Whitney Wilderness, where the group size is 8, camping groups in wilderness, primitive and canoe area lands are limited to 9 people or less.
Camping Permits: Camping for more than three nights or in a group of ten or more in Wild Forest lands requires a permit from a Forest Ranger. The following information must be provided to the forest ranger to obtain a camping permit: Name, Address, City, State, Zip Code, Vehicle License Plate Number, Telephone Number, Date of Birth, Number in Group, Camping Dates, and Location of Campsite.
Backcountry Campsites: Camping at designated campsites in the backcountry is done on a first come, first served basis. There is no reservation system for these primitive campsites. Campsites in popular areas fill up quickly on weekends so plan accordingly.
Road & Traffic Information: Use the link in the right column to visit NYS Department of Transportation 511 New York for information on transportation services, traffic, and road conditions throughout New York State.
Trails Supporter Patch: The Trails Supporter Patch is now available for $5 at all outlets where sporting licenses are sold, on-line and via telephone at 1-866-933-2257. Patch proceeds will help maintain and enhance non-motorized trails throughout New York State.
Weather: Always be aware of and prepared for weather conditions. See the information under the "Be Prepared" heading above to ensure you are prepared. Being properly prepared for weather and other conditions will help to ensure a safe and enjoyable time in the outdoors. Weather forecasts can and do change, use the National Weather Service "NWS Weather Forecast" link near the bottom of the right column to check the current weather forecast before entering the backcountry. (12/18)
Winter Conditions: Winter conditions are present throughout the area. Snow, ice and cold temperatures are present at all elevations. Carry extra layers of non-cotton clothing. Put on and take off layers as needed to keep comfortable. Plan trips to be out of the backcountry before dark. Always carry a flashlight or headlamp with fresh batteries just in case. (12/18)
Snow: Rain showers and warmer temperatures have decreased snow depths in the lower elevations, while the high elevations have received additional snow. 6 to 10 inches of snow is on the ground, with more in the high elevations mountains such near the summit of Lyon Mountain. Use the National Weather Service "NWS Snow Cover Map" link near the bottom of the right column to check the snow depths in the area. The map is updated daily. (12/18)
Snowshoes & Skis: Snowshoes or skis should be worn on all trails in the Adirondacks. The use of snowshoes or skis avoids "post-holing; eases travel and prevents injuries. (12/18)
Trail Conditions: Wet snow is forming a good base. Most trails are skiable but may contain a few obstacles such as rocks and roots. Use caution around stream crossings as snow may cover thin ice or open water. Drainages and trails along waters may be wet. Some lesser used, secondary trails may still be untraveled since last week's storm. Breaking trail takes more time and energy. (12/18)
Blowdown: Wet snow is increasing the weight on snow laden limbs and branches, many are breaking under the weight. This is adding to blowdown caused by last week's storm. Expect blowdown on trails, especially on lesser used, secondary trails. Some locations may have significant amounts of blowdown, especially in the lower elevations. (12/18)
Summits: Temperatures will be colder, winds will be stronger and snow will be deeper - especially where drifts have formed. Sight distance will be limited, sometimes significantly, when clouds cover the summits or in heavy falling and/or blowing snow. Use the link near the bottom of the right column to view the National Weather Service "NWS Mountain Forecasts" for selected summits in this area. (12/18)
Ice on Water: Ice has only recently formed on lower elevation and larger waters. Always check ice thickness before traveling across it. Avoid ice over running water, near inlets & outlet and near boathouses & docks - especially those with "bubblers" or other ice prevention devices. Ice that holds snow will not hold the weight of a snowmobile at this time and may not hold the weight of a person. (12/18)
Seasonal Access Roads: Gates on seasonal access roads are closed. The roads will reopen after the spring mud season. Motor vehicles should not be driving on seasonal access roads that serve as snowmobile trails in the winter. (12/18)
Snowmobile Trails: Most gates and designated snowmobile trails are open. Snowmobilers should check on local trail conditions before heading out. Skiers and snowshoers using designated snowmobile trails should keep to the side to allow safe passage of snowmobiles. Snowmobiles should slow down when passing skiers and snowshoers. (12/18)
Avoid Hypothermia: Stay dry and warm. Drink plenty of water, eat food and rest often. (12/18)
Hunting Seasons: Hunting seasons for small game and some waterfowl are open. Hikers should be aware that they may meet hunters bearing firearms or archery equipment while hiking on trails. Please recognize that these are fellow outdoor recreationists with the legal right to participate in these activities on the Forest Preserve. There is no record of a hunting related shooting incident in New York State involving a hiker. (12/18)
Chazy Highlands Wild Forest
- A group of volunteer stewards have cleared five areas of blowdown on the Lyon Mountain Trail. (2014)
Jay Mountain Wilderness
- A 2.5-mile trail to the western end of the Jay Mountain Ridge starts at a trailhead at the intersection of Jay Mountain Road and Upland Meadows Road in the town of Jay. The trailhead is on Forest Preserve lands 300 feet downhill from the old herd path. Parking is available for 5 cars. At the end of the new trail, a short spur trail to the north leads to an overlook that provides a spectacular 360 degree scenic view. Hikers can continue along the ridge line, following rock cairns, for approximately 1.5 miles to the summit of Jay Mountain. (2014)
- A bridge on the Carlott Road, one of the roads to access the Jay Mountain Road from the southeast, is closed. (2012)
Lake Champlain Islands
- The Valcour Island Lighthouse (also known as the Bluff Point Lighthouse) is currently closed for restoration. (2014)
Sable Highlands Conservation Easement Lands
- The Sable Highlands Conservation Easement Lands web page provides information about the unit and its recreational opportunities.
- Barnes Pond Road and its gate are closed to public motor vehicle traffic until the beginning of the 2015 hunting season. (12/11)
- The D&H Road and its gate are closed to public motor vehicle traffic until the end of the spring mud season. (12/11)
- The roadside sign at the Cold Brook PUA parking area on Standish road is missing and scheduled to be replaced.(5/22)
- Campers using either of the two campsites on the Plumadore-Inman Public Use Area on the east side of County Route 26 are encouraged to park in the Loon Lake Mountain Trailhead parking area. (2013)
Split Rock Mountain Wild Forest
- The Split Rock Mountain Wild Forest web page provides information about the unit and its recreational opportunities.
- A 700-foot long accessible access trail provides scenic views of Webb Royce Swamp for birders, wildlife observers and outdoor photographers of all abilities. (2014)
- The trailhead parking lot is located on the east side of Clark Road about 0.6 miles from Route 9/Lake Shore Road.
- Leaving the parking lot, the hardened access trail travels through a field in the early stages of succession, then crosses a hedgerow into another field that is actively mowed before ending at a raised pad overlooking the swamp.
- The pad provides unblocked views across a large expanse of the swamp and serves as a turn around spot for wheelchairs.
- The variety of habitats that can be viewed from the access trail provides an opportunity to view a wide range of bird species and other wildlife.
- The National Weather Service in Burlington provides a weather forecast for Lake Champlain. Use the link near the bottom of the right column to access the forecast. (2014)
Taylor Pond Wild Forest
- All trails and other recreational facilities are in satisfactory condition.