D E C banner
D E C banner


The New York State Department of Environmental Conservation has added a link to a translation service developed by Microsoft Inc., entitled Bing Translator, as a convenience to visitors to the DEC website who speak languages other than English.

Additional information can be found at DEC's Language Assistance Page.

Bog Brook Unique Area


Wetland at Bog Brook Unique AreaBog Brook Unique Area (BBUA) consists of 131 acres in southeastern New York. The area was acquired by the state in 1981 to protect and perpetuate the significant natural communities found there, including a rich graminoid fen (a rare type of freshwater wetland).

The area is located in the Towns of Southeast and Patterson in eastern Putnam County, about 60 miles north of New York City. It can be reached by taking Foggintown Road west from Route 22, 0.5 miles north of the Route 22/Route 312 intersection. The parking area is 0.4 miles west of Route 22 on the north side of Foggintown Road.

View or download a map of Bog Brook Unique Area (PDF) (612 kB).

Habitat/Ecological Communities

The most significant natural feature of Bog Brook Unique Area is the linear freshwater wetland that bisects the property. The wetland includes areas of open water, emergent marsh, graminoid fen, and red maple swamp. On the western side of the wetland, hardwood forests are dominant with sugar maple as the most abundant tree species. On the eastern side of the wetland, old fields, shrublands, and patches of young forest are dominant, with several intermittent spring seeps providing groundwater inputs to the wetland.


Visitors can encounter a wide variety of wildlife at Bog Brook, including white-tailed deer, muskrat, Eastern cottontail, red and gray fox, raccoon, waterfowl, and many other bird species. Fish residing in Bog Brook's waters include chain pickerel, largemouth bass, and yellow perch.

Wildlife Observation Tower at Bog Brook Unique AreaRecreational Opportunities

The diversity of habitats at Bog Brook provides many opportunities for public use. Activities such as hunting, fishing, trapping, wildlife observation, photography, hiking, and snowshoeing are encouraged. An observation tower overlooking the wetland is located just north of the parking area.


Management at Bog Brook Unique Area has focused mainly on wetland habitat. Woody vegetation is periodically removed from the wetland periphery to impede ecological succession. A water control structure was constructed at the southern end of the wetland to maintain water at appropriate levels. Wood duck nest boxes have been installed in the marsh and adjacent uplands. Furthermore, efforts to control invasive species in the wetland have been undertaken including the release of the purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) biocontrol agents and several prescribed fires to reduce the abundance and vigor of common reed (Phragmites australis). In addition to wetland management, DEC periodically mows the fields on the eastern side of the area to maintain habitat for those meadow-dependent wildlife species such as bluebirds.

Rules and Regulations

Public use of Bog Brook Unique Area is governed by 6 NYCRR §51 and 6 NYCRR §84 (Statutory authority: Environmental Conservation Law, §§ 11-2101).

The following acts are prohibited:

  • Parking of motor vehicles outside of designated parking areas
  • Operating any motor vehicle on the area
  • Use of boats, canoes, and other watercraft
  • Swimming or bathing
  • Promiscuous discharge of firearms
  • Cutting, plucking, severing, damaging, or removing trees or other vegetation
  • Littering
  • Camping
  • Kindling fires
  • Damaging or removing fences, gates, signs water control structures, or other property

Applicable regulations can be read in the New York State Code of Rules and Regulations. (link leaves DEC's website)