Quaker Lake (2004)
Fisheries Survey Summary
Quaker Lake was surveyed by the Region Nine Fisheries Unit in June 2004. Quaker Lake is a 268 acre lake in Allegany State Park which provides angling for smallmouth bass (Micropterus dolomieu), largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides), northern pike (Esox lucius), stocked trout and several species of panfish. The lake supports an estimated 26,000 fishing trips annually. Public fishing access is provided along almost the entire shoreline and by a small trailer boat launching site. Boats on Quaker Lake are limited to electric motors. Water quality sampling indicated that the lake was low in productivity and had dissolved oxygen depletion below 15 feet by early August, limiting available habitat for stocked trout.
Bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus), pumpkinseed (Lepomis gibbosus) and rock bass (Ambloplites rupestris) populations exhibited fast growth rates, while yellow perch (Perca flavescens), which were the most commonly sampled panfish in a 1997 survey, were represented by only three specimens in 2004 . In 2004, smallmouth bass and largemouth bass were much less abundant than in the 1997 survey. They exhibited average growth rates. The bass populations included large individuals (15-20 in) that were more than 10 years of age. Northern pike were sampled in low numbers, however anecdotal information from anglers indicates their population is relatively high. Northern pike may have been responsible for reduced electrofishing catch rates for panfish species and black bass from the1997 to 2004 surveys.
At this time, the current management strategies: statewide regulations for bass, northern pike and panfish with the stocking of 4,200 brook trout yearlings, 4,200 brown trout yearlings and 400 two year old brown trout, providing an average angler catch rate of 0.5 fish/hour are recommended to continue. Trout should continue to be managed with a year-round season and no minimum size limit, however only 2 fish of the 5 fish per day creel can be more than 12 in. Future electrofishing and angler surveys will allow us to better evaluate the expanding northern pike population and its effects on stocked trout, black bass and panfish populations.