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Canadice Lake

Canadice Lake Image with depth contours

Located in southwest Ontario County, Canadice Lake lies 30 miles south of Rochester. It is the smallest of the Finger Lakes whose shorelines are virtually undeveloped.

Physical Features:

Elevation: 1096 feet

Area: 649 acres

Length: 3 miles

Maximum width: 0.3 miles

Maximum depth: 95 feet

Thermocline: about 30 feet

Water Quality

Canadice Lake is one of the sources of water for the City of Rochester. It is typically clear but suffers moderate oxygen depletion in summer. While this condition does not seriously threaten trout, it does, temporarily, confine them to a narrow layer of the water column.

Plant Life

The largest weedbed is located at the lake's southern extremity. Due to the steepsidedness of the east and west shores, there is only a narrow band of weeds along them. Types of weeds include milfoil, pondweeds and eelgrass.

Fish Species

Largemouth Bass, Smallmouth Bass, Chain Pickerel, Brown Bullhead, Pumpkinseed, Bluegill, Black Crappie, Yellow Perch, Rock Bass, Lake Trout, Brown Trout

Young man holding black crappie caught in Canadace Lake

Special Regulations

DEC acquired most of the watershed from the City of Rochester in the summer of 2010 as the Hemlock Canadice State Forest. DEC continues the City's high level of stewardship and protection of the lands and waters, while maintaining public access for fishing, hiking, nature study, boating and hunting. Activities on Canadice Lake and Hemlock-Canadice State Forest are now subject to DEC's Rules and Regulations for the Use of State Lands (link leaves DEC's website), 6 NYCRR Part 190, as well as any other applicable state statutes, rules and regulations.

In addition, specific regulations (link leaves DEC's website) - 6 NYCRR 190.26 - have been developed by DEC, mirroring those established by the City of Rochester, allow many recreational activities on Hemlock-Canadice State Forest, but prohibit uses that could threaten water quality.

Boats may not exceed 17 feet in length and motors may not exceed 10 h.p. Do not transport or introduce any aquatic plants or animals into the water. See Hemlock-Canadice State Forest for further details.

Fishing Regulations

Special fishing regulations apply.

Public Access Sites

Public boat access is available on the lake's east side near the intersection of Canadice Road and Birch Hill Road, via an unimproved gravel ramp. At the south end of the lake is a cartop launch. There are other informal access points along the east shore suitable for cartop boats, shore fishing and ice fishing.

Fish Management

Fishery surveys begun in the 1950's revealed a good lake trout population. Records show that lake trout were stocked into Canadice Lake as early as 1942. To diversify the fishery, brown trout and rainbow trout were later added. Stocking of all three continues to the present time along with occasional stocking of surplus landlocked salmon.

Trout and salmon may be taken year-round at Canadice. Check your Fishing Regulations Guide for size and bag limits. Smelt and alewives provide the primary salmonid forage with some contributed from yellow perch and minnows.

Although Canadice is best suited for salmonid and smallmouth bass, it also provides significant fishing opportunities for largemouth bass and chain pickerel in its limited, shallow water habitat. Similarly, "panfish," including rock bass, yellow perch, bluegills, pumpkinseeds and bullhead, are also important contributors to the fishery.

Angler Diary Cooperator Program

An ongoing angler diary cooperator program for sportfish provides DEC fisheries staff with useful data on population trends. Information on the angler diary program and recent reports can be viewed at Angler Diary Cooperator Program. We are always looking for new cooperators, so if you are interested please contact the Region 8 office at (585) 226-5343 or online at region8@dec.ny.gov

2013 Hemlock and Canadice Lakes Angler Diary Report (PDF) (91 kB)


Fishing Canadice Lake offers a unique experience in western New York, where most lakeshores are heavily developed. The beautifully wooded shores and hillsides of Canadice, and bigger sister Hemlock Lake, provide an atmosphere approaching that experienced only in relatively remote areas like the Adirondacks and Canadian provinces. The boat size/horsepower limitation contributes importantly to the "unspoiled" atmosphere.

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