Parcel 45 Wildlife Management Area
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- Location: Town of Wilton, Saratoga County on New York State Route 50, just north of the Saratoga Mall
- Dates of Operation: Year-round
- Fee: None
- Contact: DEC Region 5 (Ray Brook) 518-897-1291
- Maps: Parcel 45 Wildlife Management Area Map (PDF) (1MB) || Parcel 45 Wildlife Management Area Map
- Interactive Maps: Google Earth || State Lands Interactive Mapper
Parcel 45 Wildlife Management Area (WMA) The primary purposes of the Parcel 45 WMA is for wildlife management, wildlife habitat management, and wildlife-dependent recreation. This WMA is approximately 59 acres in size. This parcel is located on the south side of New York State Route 50, just north of the Saratoga Mall. It was acquired because of unpaid taxes as a parcel of Forest Preserve, detached from the Adirondack Park, in 1928. New York State considered selling the property in 1979, however, the parcel was removed from the auction and transferred to the Bureau of Wildlife to manage and sustain a population of the endangered Karner blue butterfly.
Hunting and Trapping
Parcel 45 Wildlife Management Area is located in Wildlife Management Unit 5G. Whitetail deer entice archers to Parcel 45 while fox and coyote attract the interest of trappers. (View hunting seasons and trapping seasons)
The habitat presently includes a remnant of the Pine Barrens ecosystem of pitch pine, scrub oak, sweet fern, and blueberry, as well as invading white pine, grey birch, hazelnut, aspen, cinquefoil and bracken fern. Game species such as ruffed grouse, whitetail deer, red fox, raccoon, and grey squirrel have been observed on Parcel 45. The site also supports a wide variety of songbirds, depending on the season.
Take Exit 15 of the Adirondack Northway (I-87). Turn east onto State Route 50 - turn right if coming from the south or turn left if coming from the north. Take State Route 50 north. The parking area is on the right 1.4 miles from the exit, about 0.2 miles northeast of the Wilton Mall, directly across from Perry Road, look for large DEC sign - Get Google Map Driving Directions (Leaves DEC website)
Rules, Regulations and Outdoor Safety
Activity Rules & Regulations
- Hunting Regulations
- Trapping Regulations
- Fishing Regulations
- Public Use of Wildlife Management Areas Regulations
The following activities are not permitted in Parcel 45 WMA:
- Unless specifically stated, using motorized vehicles, including:
- all-terrain vehicles
- Swimming or bathing
- Kindling fires
- Damaging or removing gates, fences, signs or other property
- Overnight storage of boats
- Cutting, removing or damaging living vegetation
- Construction of permanent blinds or other structures such as tree stands
- Storage of personal property
- Picking or damaging lupine plants
Outdoor Safety Tips
NOTE: Ticks are active whenever temperatures are above freezing but especially so in the late spring and early fall. Deer ticks can transmit Lyme and several other diseases. More information on deer ticks and Lyme disease can be obtained from the NYS Department of Health. (Leaves DEC Website)
How We Manage
Like most of the state's Wildlife Management Areas, Parcel 45 WMA is managed by DEC's Division of Fish, Wildlife and Marine Resources for wildlife conservation and wildlife-associated recreation (hunting, trapping, wildlife viewing/photography). Funding to maintain and manage this site is provided by the Federal Aid in Wildlife Restoration or "Pittman-Robertson" Act, which is acquired through excise taxes on sporting arms, ammunition and archery equipment.
In the open field and along the sandy access road grows the wild blue lupine. Lupine is the only food plant of the Karner blue caterpillar. Eggs are glued by adult females to the underside of lupine leaves or stems. In seven days they hatch as small, pea green caterpillars, exactly the color of the lupine leaf. They eat partly through the leaf, leaving translucent spots and producing a sweet secretion which attracts ants that perhaps protect it from predators and parasites. The larva grows 30 days before pupating. The adults are able to feed on the nectar of several other species.
The topside of adult male Karner blue butterfly wings are blue and have white fringes along the edge of the wing. The female is deep violet in the center and grades to dark brown toward the outer edge. The underside of the wings of both sexes are the same. Each are pale grey with white-ringed black spots and orange dots aligned in rows near the hind wing edge and often along the edge of the forewing as well. It is the orange dots that help distinguish it from two look-alike's: the eastern tailed blue, which has only two or three orange dots as well as a tiny tail; and the spring azure, which has no orange dots.
The Bureau of Wildlife annually mows the field to encourage the growth of the wild blue lupine plant. Without mowing, other plant species will outgrow the lupine and force the plant to lay dormant in its root stage.
Tourism Information for Nearby Attractions, Amenities & Activities
Numerous guide books and maps are available with information on the lands, waters, trails and other recreational facilities in this area. These can be purchased at most outdoor equipment retailers, bookstores, and on-line booksellers.
Web links below can provide information about other recreation, attractions and amenities in this area.
- Saratoga County Tourism (Leaves DEC website)
- Adirondack Regional Tourism Council (Leaves DEC website)