Mines in New York
There are 2,040 active mines as shown on the following map. In 2011, industry operated 1,621 mines or almost 80% of the mines in New York State. Towns, counties, villages and other small local government entities operated 369 mines, and 40 mines were county-owned and operated. New York State agencies operate 10 mines. Most of the government mines belong to highway departments which use the material for road maintenance.
Trends in Mine Size and Number
Mine renewal and modification permits issued in 2011 ranged in life-of-mine acreage from 1 to 762 acres. However, new mines tend to be smaller; 65% of new mines permitted in 2011 were 10 acres or less in size. The largest new mine was the 66.03-acre Cemento LLC-Center Street Mine in Cayuga County.
The following tables give 2006-2011 size range information for all active mines, including detailed information on mined land and reclamation permits by county. While the number of mines has been decreasing over time, the rate of decline has been greater for mines under 10 acres in size than those greater than 10 acres. This was due to many operators expanding or combining existing mines rather than seeking permits for new ones. This trend began to change, in 2009, when the required regulatory fees were increased for sites with greater than 20 acres affected by mining.
The minor projects in the first row of the below table are always less than 5 acres in size. They are subject to a simpler review process, but must comply with very strict criteria to be considered minor: minimum setbacks from homes and surface waters; a maximum 20-foot mine depth; no mining below water table; no hardrock (consolidated material) mining; and no on-site processing equipment, such as washing or crushing machines.
Range of Existing Mine Sizes, 2006-2011
|0 to 5 Acres||652||651||636||631||641||615|
|>5 to 10 Acres||531||509||493||476||453||447|
|>10 to 20 Acres||439||431||437||442||442||435|
|>20 to 30 Acres||169||166||171||156||150||153|
Counties with Highest Percentage of Land Permitted to be Affected Under Mining Permit, 2011
|County||Population Center Nearby||Active Mines||Net Affected Acreage||Land Percent|
|Dutchess||New York City||55||1,553.50||0.29%|
|St Lawrence||North Country||97||2,007.91||0.11%|
2011 Mine Commodities (PDF) (88KB)
More about Mines in New York:
- Large Map of Mines in New York State - Map of mines in New York State by commodity.
- Number of Permits, Acreage and Reclaimed Acreage by County, 2011 - Permit and reclamation information by county.