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Leaflets Issue #7, October 2012

In This Issue:

Governor Cuomo Visits the Adirondacks

Governor Cuomo fishing in the Adirondacks

Governor Cuomo spent September 23rd boating and fishing on Boreas Ponds at the southern edge of the High Peaks Wilderness. This Adirondack Park land is part of 69,000 acres that will be the largest acquisition to the Adirondack Forest Preserve in over 100 years. The lands to be acquired contain 180 miles of rivers and streams, 175 lakes and ponds, 465 miles of undeveloped shoreline, six mountains taller than 2,000 feet and 5 percent of the Upper Hudson River watershed. The governor said he wants to find new ways to attract tourists to the 6 million-acre Adirondack Park. According to the Outdoor Industry Foundation, outdoor recreation supports 130,000 jobs, generates nearly $800 million in annual state tax revenue and produces $11.3 billion annually in retail sales and services across New York State. Links to a video of the Governor and the Outdoor Industry Foundation website can be found in the right column under Links Leaving DEC's Website.

Emerald Ash Borer (EAB) Confirmed in Tioga County

EAB Found as Part of DEC's 2012 Trapping Program

Staff look for emerald ash borer on purple traps.

The adult EAB was found in a DEC-deployed trap two miles from the Pennsylvania border and six miles from the Chemung County border in the southwestern corner of Tioga County. Chemung County and all of Pennsylvania are under state and federal EAB quarantines. EAB has now been found in 13 New York counties. Most of the infested areas are small and localized, while more than 98 percent of New York's forests and communities are not yet infested.

New York Wood Products Development Council (WPDC) Annual Report

Lumber is an important forest product.

This is the first annual report of the WPDC, which was formed in 2010 and is charged with the promotion and development of the private wood products industry. The Annual Report documents the work of the WPDC in 2010 and 2011, and outlines action steps that State Agency members of the WPDC, including the Departments of Environmental Conservation, Agriculture and Markets and Empire State Development, will take to further the development of the wood products industry.

Autumn is the Best Time for Planting

Many people think of spring as THE time for planting. But autumn can be even better for some trees, shrubs and perennials. In spring, the newly planted must start growing right away, before they may have fully acclimated to their new home. They have to produce new shoots, leaves and sometimes flowers, and soon cope with the heat of summer. When planted in fall, the above ground portion goes dormant while the roots have time to grow, sometimes for several months, until the ground freezes. The "head start" afforded by fall planting allows the root system to be strong and ready to support new growth in the spring.

Why Leaves Change Color

Fall planting allows a shrub a chance to aclimate to its new site before it has to produce leaves and shoots.

Autumn is here with its brilliant fall foliage. Even though it looks as if there is a specific purpose for changing color (as when birds have breeding plumage), it is really a coincidence resulting from the necessary processes preparing a tree for winter. In short, the yellow and orange pigments are in the leaf all summer, but their color is masked by chlorophyll, which gives leaves their green color. As the food production of the leaf shuts down at the end of the summer, chlorophyll diminishes, revealing yellows and oranges. Starting in late summer, the tree creates red and violet colors (known as anthocyanins) to act as a sun block. As the chlorophyll levels are depleted, the leaf cannot use all the sun's energy that hits it. Anthocyanins absorb the excess energy so that the sun's rays don't damage leaf tissues. Learn more about why leaves turn color.

NEW - DEC Outdoor Discovery Monthly Newsletter

Children exploring the outdoors with nets.

A redesigned monthly electronic newsletter highlighting seasonal outdoor recreation opportunities throughout the state is now available. Each issue of the DEC Outdoor Discovery newsletter will include features such as Hike of the Month, Watchable Wildlife sites, an outdoor adventure, a calendar of events and photos of New York's most stunning scenery.