Nelson Swamp Unique Area
- Open for recreation: Year-round
- Fee: Free
- Contact Information:
- DEC Region 7 Sherburne Office: (607)-674-4017 M-F 8 am- 4 pm, email firstname.lastname@example.org
- Emergency, Law Enforcement & Rangers: (518) 408-5850 or 911
- Location: Cazenovia, Fenner and Nelson, Madison County
- Wildlife Management Units: 7M and 7J
- Map: View Nelson Swamp Unique Area Map || View Same Map in PDF (185 KB) || Google Earth || State Lands Interactive Mapper
Nelson Swamp Unique Area is located approximately 20 miles southeast of Syracuse.
General information on hiking includes how-to and safety tips and links to rules & regulations.
A segment of the North County Scenic Trail (leaves DEC website) also known as the Link Trail (leaves DEC website) passes through Nelson Swamp on the abandoned grade of the West Shore Railroad. The elevated grade offers the best opportunity for accessing interior sections of the swamp without impacting sensitive wetland soils. A trail head kiosk and parking area are located adjacent to Stone Quarry Road.
Hunting & Trapping
General information on snowmobiling includes how-to and safety tips and links to rules & regulations.
There are also two short segments of snowmobile trails that run through Nelson Swamp. These are the only areas where one may use a snowmobile on the property. At-large snowmobiling is prohibited.
Cross-country Skiing & Snowshoeing
General information on cross-country skiing and snowshoeing includes how-to and safety tips and links to rules & regulations.
Cross-country skiing and snowshoeing are permitted on all hiking trails.
General information on animals includes links to information about birds, mammals, fish, reptiles, amphibians and insects that inhabit or migrate through the state.
General information on accessible recreation includes links to other locations with accessible recreation opportunities and information on permits for motorized access.
The 0.7-mile Nelson Swamp Interpretive Trail provides opportunities for people with disabilities to access a northern white cedar swamp and learn about its natural and cultural history.
To reach the trail head, take State Route 20 east from the village of Cazenovia to Stone Quarry Road. Proceed south on Stone Quarry Road for 2.2 miles and the trail head is on the left.
Stone Quarry Road Parking (42.89129,-75.826251) Google Maps (leaves DEC website)
Rules, Regulations and Outdoor Safety
Practice Leave No Trace (leaves DEC website) principles when recreating on state land to enjoy the outdoors responsibly, minimize impact on the natural resources and avoid conflicts with other users.
All users of Nelson Swamp Unique Area must follow all State Land Use Regulations and should follow all Outdoor Safety Practices for the safety of the user and protection of the resource.
Anyone enjoying the use of this Unique Area must observe the following rules which protect them and the environment:
- Do not litter. Carry out what you carry in. Burying of refuse is prohibited.
- All motorized vehicles are restricted to access roads posted as motor vehicle trails. Off road use of motorized vehicles, such as ATVs, trail bikes and four-wheel drives are not allowed.
- No permanent structures may be established, including tree stands or blinds.
- Camping is prohibited at Nelson Unique Area.
- Fires are prohibited at Nelson Swamp.
- Snowmobile use is prohibited except where designated and posted snowmobile trails exist.
- Removing protected plants is prohibited.
How We Manage Nelson Swamp Unique Area
Nelson Swamp Unique Area is managed through the Nelson Swamp Unique Area Unit Management Plan. A Unit Management Plan (UMP) guides the DEC's land management activities on several geographically related forests for a ten-year period, although a number of goals and objectives in the plan focus on a much longer time period. Each UMP addresses specific objectives and actions for public use and forest management. If you have questions and/or comments about this UMP, please email us email@example.com.
In recent decades Nelson Swamp has been of interest to botanists and other students of natural history who have been attracted to the area's rich diversity of plant and animal life. The most recent survey cataloged 400 species of vascular plants including the endangered striped coral root and threatened spreading globe flower. Striped coral root, showy lady slipper and small purple-fringed orchid are just three of the many species of orchids known to occur within the swamp. The area also supports a diverse population of breeding birds with 105 species recorded during a 1990 survey. In an effort to ensure perpetual protection of the swamp's unique natural resources, while at the same time providing opportunities for compatible public use, the DEC released the Nelson Swamp Unit Management Plan (UMP) in March, 2000. The plan includes specific objectives for habitat management, land conservation, public education, research and access for passive recreation.
From State Route 20, which passes through the swamp, a traveler's gaze is often drawn to a low lying landscape of wet meadows, deciduous woods and dark groves of cedar and pine. From the State Route's hilltop perspective, one can follow the Chittenango Creek as it meanders on its circuitous journey north to Lake Ontario. The Chittenango, which is the dominant water course within the swamp, was commonly referred to as Chittening by settlers but was derived from the Oneida word "Chu-de-naany" meaning "where the sun shines out".
Historically, "Cedar Swamp" played an important role in the development of Nelson's agricultural economy. Many area farmers owned swamp parcels known as "post lots" that provided a ready supply of timber and other forest products. The rot resistant wood of white cedar was used for split rail fencing and poles for supporting hop vines. White pine was cut and milled for building materials and balsam fir was harvested for decorative greens and Christmas trees. Baskets were woven from thin strips of black ash and the dense wood of American elm was used to manufacture a variety of farm implements.
Nearby Amenities and Attractions
Madison County Tourism Webpage (Leaves DEC website)
Gas, food, dining and lodging may be found in the nearby community of Cazenovia.
Numerous guide books and maps are available with information on the lands, waters, trails and other recreational facilities in this area. These can be purchased at most outdoor equipment retailers, bookstores, and on-line booksellers.
Additional information, outdoor equipment, trip suggestions and guided or self-guided tours may be obtained from outdoor guide and outfitting businesses. Check area chambers of commerce, telephone directories or search the internet for listings.
Consider hiring an outdoor guide if you have little experience or woodland skills. See the NYS Outdoor Guides Association (leaves DEC website) for information on outdoor guides.