Hudson River Estuary Program
Helping People Enjoy, Protect & Revitalize the Hudson River & Its Valley
- Hudson River Estuary Action Agenda 2015-2020
- Selected 2015 Estuary Program Accomplishments (PDF, 76KB)
- State of the Hudson 2015 Report
- Hudson RiverNet in your inbox Sign up for the Hudson River Estuary newsletter.
What is the Hudson River Estuary Program?
The Hudson River Estuary Program helps people enjoy, protect, and revitalize the Hudson River and its valley. Created in 1987 through the Hudson River Estuary Management Act, the program focuses on the tidal Hudson and adjacent watershed from the federal dam at Troy to the Verrazano Narrows in New York City (see map of Hudson River Estuary Program Boundary (PDF) (489 kB).
The mission of the Estuary Program is built around six benefits:
- Clean Water
- Resilient Communities
- Vital Estuary Ecosystem
- Estuary Fish, Wildlife, and Habitats
- Natural Scenery
- Education, River Access, Recreation, and Inspiration
How does the program work?
The program is guided by an Action Agenda, a conservation and restoration blueprint developed with significant community input. The Hudson River Estuary Program collaborates with many partners including nonprofit organizations, academic and scientific institutions, businesses, local governments, state and federal agencies, and interested citizens. This collaborative approach includes:
- Grant funding for planning, access, and education projects
- Research, education, and training
- Natural resource conservation and protection
- Restoration projects
- Community planning assistance
Built on sound science and principles of ecosystem-based management, the program is steered by the Hudson River Estuary Management Advisory Committee, which includes representatives of the commercial fishing industry, recreational anglers, utility companies, local government, educators, researchers, conservationists and other river users helps engage many representatives of the public in working together toward common goals.
With projects that help manage and restore key species like striped bass and bald eagles, Estuary Grants have allowed counties, towns and villages in the Hudson River Valley to take ownership of their resources and define the future of their communities while contributing to the overall health and beauty of the region. Cooperation with partners such as the Hudson River National Estuarine Research Reserve is key to the Hudson River Estuary Program's success, which includes noteworthy achievements like the following:
- Dramatically improved water quality in the Hudson River Estuary;
- Awarded more than 300 grants to local municipalities and non-profits for education, open space, conservation and river access;
- Protected more than 46,000 acres of scenic vistas, habitats, and pastoral landscapes
- Restored fish populations, which drive $7.5 million in recreation and tourism expenditures;
- Provided river education to school children (5,000 annually), trained teachers and developed estuary focused curriculum;
- Trained more than 3,000 community leaders to achieve local conservation and land use goals;
- Revitalized community waterfronts and enhanced parks, docks, piers, trails and boat launches in nearly every shoreline community;
- Installed monitoring equipment that reports around-the-clock river conditions from Albany to New York Harbor to provide more accurate forecasting of storms and pollution run-off;
- Mapped the entire river bottom, and documented the region's global, regional and statewide significant plants and animals for the first time;
- Planted more than 18,000 native trees and shrubs to improve water quality and reduce erosion;
- Assisted communities that have taken the "Climate Smart" pledge to adopt emission reduction strategies and prepare for the effects of storms and flooding.
Many estuary projects were tied to the 400th anniversary of Henry Hudson's voyage of discovery and the commemoration of the 2009 Hudson-Fulton-Champlain Quadricentennial. The Program worked diligently to expand opportunities for citizen connection to the river through boat launches and preserving open space linked to river scenery. Details of these and other achievements can be found in our Hudson River Estuary Progress Reports.
Available resources from the Estuary Program include educational materials, presentations, trainings, maps, planning guidance and links to further information. Click on the names of the topics below to explore the available resources or contact us.
- Grants: Funding for municipalities and not-for-profits to complete projects that carry out the Action Agenda goals for restoring the Hudson and the human uses it supports.
- Education: Resources for educators, students and families to learn about the Hudson, including outdoor programs, lesson plans, posters, education centers, exhibits, interpretive signs, and descriptions of key river issues.
- Watersheds and streams: Information on conservation issues and guidance on practices that protect water resources.
- Plants, animals, habitats of the river basin: Information about the Hudson Valley's unique biodiversity and conservation resources for land managers, landowners, planners, and policy makers.
- River Access and Recreation: Where to go, what to do and what the Estuary Program is doing to make the Hudson River more accessible.
- Climate Change: Efforts to develop a regional strategy to respond to climate change in the Hudson Valley
During the 1960s and 70s, public concern for the protection of the Hudson's fisheries led to the passage of the 1979 Hudson River Fisheries Management Act. In 1987, recognizing that conservation of the river's fish, habitats and ecosystem requires a broader, multi-disciplinary approach, the fisheries law was replaced by the Hudson River Estuary Management Act, found in Section 11-0306 of the New York State Environmental Conservation Law. This act directed DEC to develop a plan and program for the conservation of the estuary-the tidal portion of the river from the Troy dam south to the Verrazano Narrows-- and its associated shorelands.
- Meet the Hudson River - An introduction to the river and links to a Virtual Tour of the Hudson.
- The Hudson Estuary: A River That Flows Two Ways - Natural and historical information about the Hudson River Estuary, the tidal portion of the river from the Troy dam south to the Verrazano Narrows.
- Hudson River E-Almanac - The Almanac is a journal of natural history observations shared by folks who are excited by what they see and experience on the Hudson.
- The State of the Hudson 2015 - This 16 page illustrated report reviews the current status of Hudson River water quality, habitats, and fish and wildlife populations as well as biodiversity, tributary health, access, stewardship efforts, and the impacts of climate change and extreme events.
- What You Can Do To Protect The Hudson River Estuary - How individuals can help to protect the water resources of the Hudson and its watershed at home and in their communities.
- The Symbol Of The Hudson River Estuary: The Atlantic Sturgeon - More about the Hudson's largest fish, depicted in the Hudson River Estuary logo
More about Hudson River Estuary Program:
- Hudson RiverNet: Hudson River Estuary Newsletter - RiverNet is the NYSDEC Hudson River Estuary Program's quarterly online newsletter
- Hudson River Estuary Action Agenda - The blueprint for the Hudson River Estuary Program.
- Hudson River Estuary Program Publications - Descriptions and links to publications available from the Hudson River Estuary Program
- Fish of the Hudson River Estuary - General information on Hudson River fishes.
- Teaching About the Hudson River Estuary - Resources for educators, students and families to learn about the Hudson, including outdoor programs, lesson plans, posters, education centers, exhibits, interpretive signs, and descriptions of key river issues.
- Clean Water for the Hudson River Estuary - Water quality information and resources to promote community-based improvements in the health of the Hudson estuary and of the streams and wetlands in its watershed.
- Conservation and Land Use Program for the Hudson River Estuary Watershed - This program develops science-based information about Hudson Valley plants, animals, and habitats and offers it to land managers, landowners, planners, and policy makers for the purpose of conservation.
- Aquatic Habitats of the Hudson River Estuary - Aquatic habitats are vitally important to wildlife and ecosystems as a whole. Learn more about the key habitats of the Hudson River estuary, including shorelines, tidal wetlands, submerged aquatic vegetation, and the river bottom.
- Access to the Hudson River Estuary - Encouraging Hudson Valley residents to experience and explore the Hudson River whether by foot, on a boat, catching fish, or getting wet is a primary goal of the Hudson River Estuary Program's River Access Project.
- Climate Change Program for the Hudson River Estuary - The Climate Change Program for the Hudson River Estuary helps communities to adapt to climate change and become more resilient to climate risks.
- Grants Program and Funding Opportunities for the Hudson River Estuary - Hudson River Estuary Program Grants were created to help fulfill those goals of the Hudson River Estuary Action Agenda that can be implemented most effectively by municipalities, not for profits, and other local partners.
- Hudson River Environmental Conditions Observing System - The Hudson River Environmental Conditions Observing System (HRECOS) is a network of six stations gathering meterologic and water quality data in the Hudson River Estuary stretching from Schodack Point in the north to Castle Point, NJ off from Manhattan in the south.
- Green Infrastructure Examples for Stormwater Management in the Hudson Valley - Search examples of green infrastructure projects for stormwater management in the Hudson Valley
- Citizen Science Volunteer Opportunities in the Hudson River Estuary - Hudson Valley citizen stewardship projects that you can get involved in