Proposed Part 592 Conservation Easements Regulation - Public Comment Period
Recreate on DEC Conservation Easement Lands! View properties you can visit.
Conservation easements are an important way to protect land while keeping people on the land
An important land conservation tool employed widely across the United States, conservation easements are used to protect a variety of important natural resources and landscape values, such as water quality, wildlife habitat, sensitive ecosystems, wetlands, riparian areas, scenic areas, agricultural land, working forests, and historic sites. The primary function of an easement is to limit or eliminate future development and undesirable land uses on a property, while allowing for continued private ownership and traditional management. Some conservation easements allow public access to the protected property and some do not; either way the public benefits by the substantial environmental protection achieved.
What is a conservation easement?
Conservation easements are permanent legal agreements entered into by a landowner and state or local government, or a non-profit land trust. Easement documents identify the open space values being protected, and clearly describe the restrictions being placed on a property. First, an appraiser determines the value of the property rights given up by a landowner, and then the easement is purchased, or it can be donated, resulting in a variety of tax benefits. When the state accepts and holds a conservation easement it takes on the responsibility to monitor and enforce the terms of the easement in perpetuity (forever); the easement is recorded with the deed and is binding on future landowners.
Are all conservation easements the same?
No. Every easement is unique. The purpose and terms of each easement are tailored to the specific characteristics of each property. An easement designed to protect agricultural land, for example, is different from an easement designed to protect a scenic area, or one focused on protection of endangered species habitat. Most conservation easements, however, are structured to meet multiple objectives. Some easements prohibit all future development, while others allow for limited new buildings or other improvements. Most easements allow traditional uses of the land, such as forestry, agriculture, or recreation, to continue as long as the conservation goals of the property are being met.
Where has DEC acquired conservation easements?
New York State acquires conservation easements primarily on properties that buffer existing state lands, provide additional public recreational opportunities, and/or maintain large working forests. Hundreds of thousands of acres of land in New York are now protected by conservation easements acquired by the state; most of that land consists of large tracts of commercial timberland in the Adirondack and Tug Hill regions, however, DEC also holds easements on a variety of other properties across the state. The DEC manages nearly 902,000 acres of Conservation Easement lands across New York State. More than 785,000 acres (87%) of these lands are located within the Adirondack Park.
Can the public use easement properties?
On most large, working forest conservation easement (WFCE) properties, the state has acquired some level of public recreation rights, in addition to development and land use restrictions. In some cases, a wide range of public recreational uses is permitted, and in others, only very limited public access is allowed. The amount of public access depends largely on the goals and objectives of the landowner at the time the easement was negotiated. All of these lands are actively managed for forest products, and many of the companies who own the land also rely on income from private hunt club leases, so public hunting may be restricted or prohibited in certain areas. Most WFCEs permit some form of public recreation, whether it is for foot travel, horses, mountain bikes, or snowmobiles, and some provide backcountry camping and canoeing opportunities.
Public recreation on easement lands is guided by either Recreation Management Plans (RMPs) that are developed for each major easement tract, or by Unit Management Plans (UMPs) prepared for adjacent state lands. RMPs and UMPs address existing natural resources, land uses, laws and policies, and describe plans for future recreational development, including an implementation schedule. DEC considers landowner and public input while developing RMPs and UMPs. Public access on an easement property is generally limited until a final RMP or UMP is adopted, and may also be temporarily suspended or relocated in certain areas due to forest management activities taking place on the property.
Recreation Management Plans and Unit Management Plans are available at DEC offices as they are developed for specific easement properties. People who plan to visit a conservation easement property that is open for public recreation are encouraged to find out ahead of time exactly which activities are permitted on a given tract by contacting the regional DEC office nearest to the easement property.
Where can I learn more about conservation easements?
For more information about DEC's Conservation Easement Program or to access public recreational opportunities on conservation easement lands throughout New York State, contact the DEC Lands and Forests office nearest to the easement property.
To learn about non-profit land conservation organizations, visit the New York office of the Land Trust Alliance website (leaves DEC Website).
Conservation Easement Lands Open for Public Recreation
DEC Region 2
New York City Region
DEC Region 5
Eastern Adirondacks/Lake Champlain Region
- Kushaqua Tract Conservation Easement
- Paul Smiths College Conservation Easement
- Perkins Clearing and Speculator Tree Farm Conservation Easement
- Sable Highlands Conservation Easement
- Santa Clara Tract Conservation Easement
- Upper Hudson Woodlands Conservation Easement
DEC Region 6
Western Adirondacks/Upper Mohawk Valley/Eastern Lake Ontario Region
- Beers Lot Conservation Easement
- Big Tupper Conservation Easement
- Croghan Tract Conservation Easement
- East Branch of Fish Creek Conservation Easement
- Five Mile Conservation Easement
- Grass River Conservation Easement
- Long Pond Conservation Easement
- Massawepie Conservation Easement
- Niagara Mohawk Conservation Easements
- Oswegatchie Conservation Easement
- Preston Lot Conservation Easement
- Seveys Conservation Easement
- Sucker Lake Conservation Easement
- Tooley Pond Conservation Easement