D E C banner
D E C banner


The New York State Department of Environmental Conservation has added a link to a translation service developed by Microsoft Inc., entitled Bing Translator, as a convenience to visitors to the DEC website who speak languages other than English.

Additional information can be found at DEC's Language Assistance Page.

Canacadea State Forest

View Canacadea State Forest Map || View Same Map in PDF (185 Kb) || Google Earth || State Lands Interactive Mapper

Canacadea State Forest locator map

Canacadea State Forest is located one mile west of Hornell, near the hamlet of Almond, in the Allegheny Plateau. The forest is located in the town of Hornellsville, Steuben County.

Tips for Using State Forests


Recreational opportunities in this state forest focus on rustic experiences with a limited amount of development. There are no formally designated trails. Town, county, and DEC roads provide mountain biking opportunities.

Hunting and trapping are permitted on the property in accordance with all game regulations, unless otherwise posted. Traps may not be set on public road right of ways. Body gripping traps set on land must be at least 100 feet from public trails. Permanent tree stands are prohibited. However, a tree stand or blind is allowed, provided that it does not injure any trees, is properly marked or tagged with the owner's name and address or valid hunting or fishing license number, and is placed and used during big game season, migratory game bird season, or turkey season, but no more than thirty days in one location per calendar year.

Geo-caching is allowed although caches must be marked with the owner's contact information and may not be placed in dangerous or ecologically sensitive locations.

Portions of this property require significant walking to access. Users should be cautious around and along the railroad right-of-way on the northern boundary. This right-of-way is operated by the Western New York & Pennsylvania Railroad and is in active use on a regular basis. Vehicle access along the right-of-way is not allowed and is enforced.

Road on Canacadea
Road on Canacadea

At the end of the DEC road is a maintained scenic vista, easily accessed in good weather.

Today, Canacadea and all state forests in New York are managed for multiple benefits to serve the needs of the people of New York. Sustainable management practices ensure a perpetual supply of timber, a diversity of wildlife habitats, compatible recreational opportunities and clean water.

State Forest Regulations

Anyone enjoying this property must observe the following rules which protect both them and the forest environment.

  • Do not litter. Carry out what you carry in. Burying of refuse is prohibited.
  • If you build a fire, do so with care and use wood from dead and downed trees only. Never leave a fire unattended. All fires must be extinguished with water, and the coals must be raked until cool to the touch.
  • Do not bring firewood from home because this may also transport dangerous invasive pests to the state forest.
  • Unauthorized cutting of live trees or new trail building is prohibited.
  • Camping for more than three consecutive nights or in a group of ten or more requires a permit from a DEC Forest Ranger.
  • Camping is prohibited within 150 feet of any road, trail, spring, stream, pond or other body of water except at camping areas designated by the department.
  • Human waste should be buried in a shallow hole 4-6 inches deep, and at least 150 feet from water, trails, and campsites. Cover with leaf litter and dirt.
  • Motorized vehicles are permitted only on access roads posted as open to motor vehicles. Off road use of motorized vehicles is prohibited, except where specifically permitted by signs, posted notice or by DEC permit.
  • No permanent structures should be established, including tree stands or blinds.
  • ATV and UTV use is generally prohibited on State Forests.
  • Individuals with disabilities can apply for a Motorized Access Permit (MAPPWD) to use a motor vehicle on designated roads.


This area was settled beginning in approximately 1790. The town of Hornellsville was formed in 1820. As noted in numerous other state forest descriptions, agricultural abandonment occurred relatively early (1910-1929) on the hilltop lands occupied by this state forest.

Some of this property was acquired by the State in 1930-1940 under the terms of the Hewett Amendment and the terms of the Enlarged Reforestation Act. Significant additions were also made in the early 1950's under the same authority and in the 1960's under authority of the Parks and Recreation land acquisition bond acts. Parcels were also conveyed, both to and from, the U.S. Army, Corps of Engineers during the construction of the Almond Flood Control Dam. The current size is about 1,623 acres.

The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) did not conduct significant tree planting activities on this forest. Most of the planted softwoods are a result of planting activities by Department crews in the post Korean War era (1950-1959). Dunkeled larch (a hybrid of European larch and Japanese larch) was the primary species in the reforestation work on this property.


To gain access to this state forest from State Route 21 in Almond, turn east on Erie Street. Continue to the end of Erie Street and turn north onto the Department's administrative access road.

Important Telephone Numbers

Fire and Law Enforcement : 585-226-6706 or 911

State Forest Office (M - F; 8:30 am to 4:45 pm) 607-776-2165