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Toothaker Creek State Forest

hikingPrimitive Campinghuntingtrappingfishingbikingcross-country skisnowshoeicon key

Toothaker Creek State Forest locator map

Toothaker Creek State Forest covers 709 acres. The topography is very hilly with thin soils and rocky exposed ridge tops predominating. Better quality upland sites support a mixture of northern hardwood, hemlock, and white pine forests. Lower quality upland sites are dominated by red oak, eastern hophornbeam, hickories, and other species adapted to droughty and nutrient poor soils. Pine and spruce plantations were established on what were formerly farm fields and pastures. Flatter ground supports open wetlands and shrub swamps, which gradually transition to swamp hardwoods in seasonal flooded areas.

Featured Activities

Hiking

hiking

General information on hiking includes how-to and safety tips with links to rules & regulations.

Hiking on all trials is allowed year-round on this forest.

Camping

Primitive Camping

General information on primitive camping includes how-to and safety tips and links to rules & regulations

At-large primitive camping is allowed. Campsites must be at least 150 feet away from the nearest road, trail, or body of water. Camping for more than three nights or in groups of ten or more requires a permit from a Forest Ranger.

Hunting & Trapping

hunting
trapping

General information on hunting and general information trapping includes how-to and safety tips and links to seasons, rules & regulations.

Hunting and Trapping are allowed in accordance with State laws and regulations. Follow hunting and trapping safety guidelines. Be prepared before going into the woods.

Fishing

fishing

General information on fishing includes how-to and safety tips and links to seasons, rules & regulations and lists DEC boat launches by region.

Biking

biking

General information on biking includes how-to and safety tips and links to rules & regulations.

All trails are open for bikes on the forest. No trails are maintained specifically for bikes.

Cross-country Skiing & Snowshoeing

cross-country ski
snowshoe

General information on cross-country skiing and snowshoeing includes how-to and safety tips and links to rules & regulations.

All trails are open for cross-country skiing and snowshoeing. No trails are specifically groomed for cross-country skiing.

Wildlife

General information on animals includes links to information about birds, mammals, fish, reptiles, amphibians and insects that inhabit or migrate through the state. The wildlife that may be present in the Toothaker Creek State Forest includes deer, turkey, ruffed grouse, mink, raccoon, black bear, fox, and migratory songbirds. Smooth green snake, eastern garter snake, wood turtle and painted turtle may also be present.

Directions

a while and red painted trillium on the forest floor
A Painted Trillium in Toothaker Creek

This forest can be accessed from the Fullerville and Garrison Roads, and the Garrison Access Trail in the town of Pitcairn. All coordinates provided are in decimal degrees using NAD83/WGS84 datum.

  • North End Road: (44.112942°N, 75.303287°W) Google Map (Leaves the DEC website)
  • Garrison Access Trail: (44.200935°N, 75.312405°W) Google Map (Leaves the DEC website)
  • Fullerville Access Trail: (44.192796°N, 75.280883°W) Google Map (Leaves the DEC website)

Rules, Regulations & Outdoor Safety

Practice Leave No Trace (Leaves DEC website) principles when recreating on state land to enjoy the outdoors responsibly; minimize impact on the natural resources and avoid conflicts with other users.

All users of Toothaker Creek State Forest must follow all State Forest Use Regulations and should follow all Outdoor Safety Practices for the safety of the user and protection of the resource.

Don't Move Firewood. The insects it carries could kill the forests you love.

How We Manage Toothaker Creek State Forest

DEC is developing a management plan which will describe the management activities for these lands. Toothaker Creek is one of 15 State Forests, 9 Detached Forest Preserve Parcels and 2 Conservation Easements combined into the area called the St. Lawrence Rock Ridge Management Unit. In addition to forestry management objectives, the UMP will contain detailed information on natural features, recreational infrastructure, geology, natural & human history, habitats, wildlife, fisheries and much more. If you have questions and/ or comments about this UMP, please email us: Region 6 UMP mail box.

History

Several state forests in southwestern St. Lawrence County were severely damaged by an intense windstorm which occurred on July 15, 1995. This storm came to be known locally as the 1995 Microburst. The storm affected a wide area stretching from Lake Ontario across northern New York State to the central portion of the Adirondack Park. Winds gusted as high as 100 miles per hour. Damage ranged from broken tree limbs and tops to areas of 10 or more acres that were entirely blown down. Additional information on the 1995 Adirondack Derecho (leaves DEC website). Additional information about Derechos (leaves DEC website).

Four state forests in the town of Pitcairn suffered heavy wind damage: California Road, Cold Spring Brook, Greenwood Creek, and Toothaker Creek State Forests. Over the next 3 years, a total of 1,100 acres of storm damaged timber were harvested, yielding 1.4 million board feet of sawlogs and more than $280,000 in revenue. Many of the harvested areas have become dense stands of hardwood seedlings and saplings. These areas now provide early successional habitat preferred by several species of birds such as ruffed grouse, woodcock, and warblers.

Nearby Areas and Attractions

The tourism offices above can provide information about other recreation, attractions and amenities in this area.

Numerous guide books and maps are available with information on the lands, waters, trails and other recreational facilities in this area. These can be purchased at most outdoor equipment retailers, bookstores and on-line booksellers.

Additional information, outdoor equipment, trip suggestions and guided or self-guided tours may be obtained from outdoor guide and outfitting businesses. Check area chambers of commerce, telephone directories or search the internet for listings.

Consider hiring an outdoor guide if you have little experience or woodland skills. See the NYS Outdoor Guides Association (leaves DEC website) for information on outdoor guides.


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  • NYS DEC
    Potsdam sub-office
    6739 USH 11
    Potsdam NY, 13676
    315-265-3090
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