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Regulated Well Types

New York's "Oil, Gas and Solution Mining Law"

Section 23-0102 states that Article 23 of the Environmental Conservation Law "shall be known and may be cited as the oil, gas and solution mining law." However, this short title, or nickname, should not be construed as a complete list of well types covered by the law. The law and the corresponding rules and regulations apply to the following well types (see Article 23, Titles 3 and 13):

  • all oil wells, regardless of depth
  • all gas wells, regardless of depth
  • all wells, regardless of depth, associated with underground storage in caverns or reservoirs of gas, liquefied petroleum gas, oil, petroleum products and petroleum byproducts
  • all solution salt mining wells, regardless of depth
  • stratigraphic wells deeper than 500 feet
  • geothermal wells, including:
    • wells deeper than 500 feet for finding or producing hot water or steam
    • wells deeper than 500 feet for injecting fluids to recover heat from the surrounding geologic materials (including geothermal heat pump wells deeper than 500 feet)
  • brine disposal wells deeper than 500 feet

More about Regulated Well Types:

  • Oil and Natural Gas - Oil - Wells drilled to produce liquid hydrocarbons in the form of petroleum oil as the primary product. Gas - Wells drilled to produce hydrocarbons in the form of natural gas as the primary product.
  • Underground Gas Storage - Natural gas and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) are stored underground to help meet cyclic seasonal demand for gas while providing a relatively stable market for produced gas.
  • Solution Salt Mining - Solution mining wells are used to produce brine for a variety of end products.
  • Stratigraphic - Operators drill stratigraphic wells to (1) evaluate subsurface rock formations for suitability for mining, solution mining, underground gas storage or brine disposal, (2) investigate subsurface conditions in problem areas or (3) gather information for research projects.
  • Geothermal - Geothermal wells include wells for finding or producing hot water or steam, and for injecting fluids to recover heat from the surrounding geologic materials. Geothermal well owners are subject to the same well permitting and reporting requirements as owners of the other wells we regulate.
  • Brine Disposal - Summary of Permitted and Recently Plugged Brine Disposal Wells in NY. Regulated by the NYSDEC Division of Mineral Resources.
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