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2013 Enhanced I/M Program Annual Report

Executive Summary

Complete downloadable report PDF (680 KB, 95 pgs)

The New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) and Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) jointly administer New York State's motor vehicle Inspection and Maintenance (I/M) programs. This report reflects the Departments' coordinated efforts to fulfill federal I/M reporting requirements under 40 CFR Section 51.366.

New York State (62 counties) is covered by two I/M areas. The 9-county New York Metropolitan Area (NYMA) includes New York City (Bronx, Kings, New York, Richmond, and Queens Counties), Long Island (Nassau and Suffolk Counties), and Rockland and Westchester Counties. The remaining 53 counties comprise the "Upstate" I/M area.

During Calendar Year 2013, New York State emissions inspections were completed through the former NYVIP and current NYVIP2 (New York Vehicle Inspection Program) contracts. Both programs utilized a statewide network of approximately 10,000 decentralized licensed inspection stations. Mandatory onboard diagnostic (OBDII) inspections have been completed since 2005, and are required for most model year 1996 and newer non-diesel light duty vehicles (LDVs) and light duty trucks (LDTs). Since July 2012, most 1997 and newer diesel-powered LDVs and LDTs have also been subject to OBDII inspections.1 In addition to OBDII requirements, low enhanced emissions inspections (visual inspection of emission control devices and gas cap) are required statewide for applicable vehicles.

Following a Request for Proposal (RFP) procurement (2012), Opus Inspection (Opus) was awarded the NYVIP2 program manager contract in February 2013. Official inspections using new NYVIP2 equipment and its computerized network commenced in October 2013. A full transition to the current NYVIP2 was completed on January 15, 2014. Due to the planned phase-out of NYVIP, there were two I/M programs in operation during the last quarter of CY 2013. As a result, the Departments were required to modify previously established reporting procedures for this Annual Report.

During Calendar Year 2013, more than 5.04 million motor vehicles were registered within NYMA2. 3,692,898 NYMA vehicles3 received either a NYVIP or NYVIP2 emissions inspection. The majority of the emissions-tested vehicles (3,414,527 or 92.46%) received OBDII inspections.

During Calendar Year 2013, more than 5.24 million motor vehicles were registered in the Upstate I/M area. 4,011,065 Upstate vehicles3 received either a NYVIP or NYVIP2 emissions inspection. The majority of the emissions-tested vehicles (3,703,036 or 92.32%) received OBDII inspections.

Pursuant to a Consent Order filed on September 6, 1977, all yellow medallion taxi cabs under the jurisdiction of the New York City Taxi and Limousine Commission (T&LC) are required to receive three emissions inspections per year. Beginning in December 2003, the T&LC commenced mandatory OBDII inspections at their centralized test-only Woodside (Queens) facility for their applicable taxi fleet. Beginning in 2010, additional "For-Hire" vehicles became subject to mandatory OBDII inspections at the Woodside facility. During Calendar Year 2013, T&LC completed 96,649 OBDII inspections (initial and re-inspections) for 42,448 distinct vehicles (30,192 LDVs, 12,256 LDTs).

1 See Appendix C for specific reporting related to light-duty diesel OBD inspections.
2 The DMV registration database was screened to remove registration types (i.e., trailers, motorcycles, ATVs, boats, locomotives, etc.) not applicable to emissions inspection requirements. Additional discussion can be found within Sections 1.A and 1.B, and Appendices A and E.
3 Based on unique VINs from the NYVIP and NYVIP2 inspection databases. For more detail, see Appendix A2 and Table II.B.3.

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