Regulations for Organic Recycling Facilities - NYS Dept. of Environmental Conservation

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Regulations for Organic Recycling Facilities

NYS solid waste regulations for organics recycling facilities are regulated under 6NYCRR Part 361: Material Recovery Facilities. Facility specific regulations are:

In addition to these facility specific regulations, general solid waste management requirements are described in 6NYCRR Part 360.

Available Guidance:

Summary of 6NYCRR Part 361-2: Land Application and Associated Storage Facilities
Land Application and Associated Storage Facilities Level of Regulatory Oversight Regulatory Citation
Animal manure and associated bedding material Exempt 361-2.2(a)
Recognizable food processing waste Exempt 361-2.2(b)
Storage of recognizable food processing waste (<20 cubic yards) Exempt 361-2.2(b)
Fish-related material generated from a NYS owned or licensed fish hatchery Exempt 361-2.2(c)
Food processing waste on a CAFO Exempt 361-2.2(d)
Storage of food processing waste and manure on a CAFO ( ≤50% non-manure waste) Exempt 361-2.2(d)
Leaves and/or grass Exempt 361-2.2(e)
Storage of recognizable food processing waste (>20 cubic yards) Registration 361-2.3(a)
Storage of manure and food processing waste or food scraps Registration 361-2.3(b)
Non-recognizable food processing waste (NFPW) Registration 361-2.3(c)
Papermill Residuals Registration 361-2.3(c)
Septage from a single hauler using not more than two vehicles Registration 361-2.3(d)
Composting toilet residuals Registration 361-2.3(d)
Storage of septage from a single transporter using no more than two vehicles Registration 361-2.3(e)
Storage of composting toilet residuals Registration 361-2.3(e)
Sewage sludge (biosolids) Permit
361-2.4 & 361-2.5
Industrial waste Permit 361-2.4 & 361-2.5
Storage Permit 361-2.6 & 361-2.7
Summary of 6NYCRR Part 361-3: Composting, Anaerobic Digestion (AD), and Other Organics Processing Facilities
Process Materials Processed Level of Regulatory Oversight Regulatory Citation
Composting: On site (except sludges and animal carcasses) Exempt 361-3.2(a)(1) & 360.14(1)(ii) & (iii)
Home Composting Exempt 361-3.2(a)(1)
≤1,000 lbs or ≤1 cubic yard, whichever is greater, of SSO per week Exempt 361-3.2(a)(2)
≤ 3,000 cubic yards of yard trimmings per year Exempt 361-3.2(a)(3)
Animal carcasses on a farm (≤10 if non-CAFO) Exempt 361-3.2(a)(4)
Animal mortalities generated on state or municipally owned properties Exempt 361-3.2(a)(5)
Animal manure and bedding or crop residues Exempt 361-3.2(a)(6)
Located on a CAFO (no sanitary waste) Exempt 361-3.2(a)(7)
>3,000 - ≤10,000 cubic yards of yard trimmings per year Registration 361-3.2(b)(1)
≤5,000 cubic yards or ≤2,500 wet tons, whichever is less, of SSO per year
Registration 361-3.2(b)(2)
Roadkill animals or routine animal mortalities Registration 361-3.2(b)(3)
AD Digestate (if allowed under 361-3.3) Registration 361-3.2(b)(4)
>10,000 cubic yards of yard trimmings per year Permit 361-3.2(d) & (e)
>5,000 cubic yards or >2,500 wet tons, whichever is less, of SSOW per year Permit 361-3.2(d) & (e)
Biosolids Permit 361-3.2(d) & (e)
Anaerobic Digestion (AD): On site Exempt 361-3.3(a)(1)
Animal manure and bedding Exempt 361-3.3(a)(2)
≤1,000 lbs or ≤1 cubic yard, whichever is greater, of SSO per week Exempt 361-3.3(a)(3)
Located on a CAFO or farm with CNMP (non-manure waste ≤50% & no sanitary waste accepted) Exempt 361-3.3(a)(4)
<50 tons of waste per day, no sanitary waste Registration 361-3.3(b)(1)
Located on a CAFO or farm with CNMP (non-manure waste >50% & no sanitary waste accepted) Registration 361-3.3(b)(1)
>50 tons of waste per day Permit 361-3.3(d) & (e)
Biosolids Permit 361-3.3(d) & (e)
Fermentation On Site Exempt 361-3.4(a)(1)
≤1,000 lbs or ≤1 cubic yard of SSO per week, whichever is greater Exempt 361-3.4(a)(2)
<10 tons of SSO per day Registration 361-3.4(b)(1)
10 tons of SSO per day Permit 361-3.4(d) & (e)
Animal Feed On site Exempt 361-3.5(a)(1)
Accepts bread and other similar grain products (spent brewery grains, etc.) Exempt 361-3.5(a)(2)
≤1,000 lbs or ≤1 cubic yard of food scraps per week, whichever is greater Exempt 361-3.5(a)(3)
>1,000 lbs or >1 cubic yard of food scraps per week, whichever is greater Registration 361-3.5(b)
Other Organics Recycling Facilities On site Exempt 361-3.6(a)(1)
Animal manure and bedding Exempt 361-3.6(a)(2)
≤1,000 lbs or ≤1 cubic yard, whichever is greater, of SSO per week Exempt 361-3.6(a)(3)
Located on a CAFO and non manure is ≤50%, by volume, of annual waste (no sanitary waste) Exempt 361-3.6(a)(4)
<10 tons of SSO per day Registration 361-3.6(b)(1) & 361-3.6(c)
10 tons of SSO per day Permit 361-3.6(d) & 361-3.6(e)
Biosolids Permit 361-3.6(d) & 361-3.6(e)
Summary of 6NYCRR Part 361-4: Mulch Processing Facilities
Mulch Processing Facilities Level of Regulatory Oversight Regulatory Citation
On site Exempt 360.14
Tree debris disposal facility as specified in 363-2.1(g) Exempt 361-4.2(a)
<10,000 cubic yards total (includes incoming material, processed material and storage) Exempt 361-4.2(b)
Storm debris (yard trimmings and wood debris) management from a Governor designated disaster area Exempt 361-4.2(c)
Management of material subject to invasive species regulations (e.g. Emerald Ash Borer) or other disease organism restrictions or quarantines Exempt 361-4.2(d)
>10,000 - <25,000 cubic yards on site (includes incoming material, processed material and storage) Registration 361-4.3(a)
>25,000 cubic yards on site (includes incoming material, processed material and storage) Permit 361-4.4, 361-4.5 & 361-4.6

These are brief summaries of the regulatory criteria and 6NYCRR Part 361 should be read for the complete regulatory citation and criteria.