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Regulations for Organic Recycling Facilities

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NYS solid waste regulations for organics recycling facilities are regulated under 6NYCRR Part 361: Material Recovery Facilities. Facility specific regulations are:

In addition to these facility specific regulations, general solid waste management requirements are described in 6NYCRR Part 360. This portion of the regulations addresses general requirements for permitting and activities that are exempt from solid waste regulations or require a registration rather than a permit.

Organic waste derived products generated outside New York State that contain sludge must be approved by DEC. The approval procedure is outlined in 6NYCRR 361-3.8. Approval is not required for products generated from yard trimmings, food scraps, animal manure, or food processing waste.

Available Guidance:

Mulch Processing Facilities (PDF, 2.2MB)

Regulatory Oversight for 6NYCRR Part 361-2: Land Application and Associated Storage Facilities
Land Application Facilities and Associated Storage Facilities Level of Regulatory Oversight Regulatory Citation
Animal manure and associated bedding material Exempt 361-2.2(a)
Recognizable food processing waste Exempt 361-2.2(b)
Storage of recognizable food processing waste (<20 cubic yards) Exempt 361-2.2(b)
Fish-related material generated from a NYS owned or licensed fish hatchery Exempt 361-2.2(c)
Food processing waste on a CAFO Exempt 361-2.2(d)
Storage of food processing waste and manure on a CAFO (<50% non-manure waste) Exempt 361-2.2(d)
Leaves and/or grass Exempt 361-2.2(e)
Storage of recognizable food processing waste (<20 cubic yards) Registration 361-2.3(a)
Storage of manure and food processing waste Registration 361-2.3(b)
Non-recognizable food processing waste (NFPW) Registration 361-2.3(c)
Papermill Residuals Registration 361-2.3(c)
Septage from a single hauler using not more than two vehicles Registration 361-2.3(d)
Composting toilet residuals Registration 361-2.3(d)
Storage of septage from a single transporter using no more than two vehicles Registration 361-2.3(e)
Storage of composting toilet residuals Registration 361-2.3(e)
Sewage sludge (biosolids) Permit
361-2.4 & 361-2.5
Industrial waste Permit 361-2.4 & 361-2.5
Storage of biosolids Permit 361-2.6 & 361-2.7
Regulatory Oversight for 6NYCRR Part 361-3: Composting, Anaerobic Digestion (AD), and Other Organics Processing Facilities
Process Materials Processed Level of Regulatory Oversight Regulatory Citation
On-Site On-site (except sludges and animal carcasses) Exempt 360.14(b)(1)
Composting: Home Composting Exempt 361-3.2(a)(1)
<1,000 lbs or <1 cubic yard, whichever is greater, of SSO per week Exempt 361-3.2(a)(2)
≤ 3,000 cubic yards of yard trimmings per year Exempt 361-3.2(a)(3)
Animal mortalities ≤ 10 per year except on CAFO Exempt 361-3.2(a)(4)
Animal mortalities generated on state or municipally owned properties Exempt 361-3.2(a)(5)
Animal manure and bedding or crop residues Exempt 361-3.2(a)(6)
Located on a CAFO (no acceptance of sanitary waste) Exempt 361-3.2(a)(7)
3,000 - 10,000 cubic yards of yard trimmings per year Registration 361-3.2(b)(1)
<5,000 cubic yards or <2,500 wet tons, whichever is less, of SSO per year
Registration 361-3.2(b)(2)
Road kill animals or routine animal mortalities Registration 361-3.2(b)(3)
AD Digestate (if allowed under 361-3.3) Registration 361-3.2(b)(4)
>10,000 cubic yards of yard trimmings per year Permit 361-3.2(d) & (e)
>5,000 cubic yards or >2,500 wet tons, whichever is less, of SSOW per year Permit 361-3.2(d) & (e)
AD Digestate (Contains sanitary waste - 361-3.3) Permit 361-3.2(d) & (e)
Biosolids Permit 361-3.2(d) & (e)
Anaerobic Digestion (AD): Animal manure and bedding Exempt 361-3.3(a)(2)
<1,000 lbs or <1 cubic yard, whichever is greater, of SSO per week Exempt 361-3.3(a)(3)
Located on a CAFO or farm with CNMP (non-manure waste <50% & no sanitary waste accepted) Exempt 361-3.3(a)(4)
<50 tons of waste per day, no sanitary waste Registration 361-3.3(b)(1)
Located on a CAFO or farm with CNMP (non-manure waste >50% & no sanitary waste accepted) Registration 361-3.3(b)(1)
>50 tons of waste per day Permit 361-3.3(d) & (e)
Accepts sanitary waste Permit 361-3.3(d) & (e)
Fermentation <1,000 lbs or <1 cubic yard of SSO per week, whichever is greater Exempt 361-3.4(a)(2)
<10 tons of SSO per day Registration 361-3.4(b)(1)
>10 tons of SSO per day Permit 361-3.4(d) & (e)
Animal Feed Accepts bread and other similar grain products (spent brewery grains, etc.) Exempt 361-3.5(a)(2)
<1,000 lbs or <1 cubic yard of food scraps per week, whichever is greater Exempt 361-3.5(a)(3)
>1,000 lbs or >1 cubic yard of food scraps per week, whichever is greater Registration 361-3.5(b)

Regulatory Oversight for 6NYCRR Part 361-4: Mulch Processing Facilities

Mulch Processing Facilities Level of Regulatory Oversight Regulatory Citation
Tree debris disposal Exempt 361-4.2(a)
<10,000 cubic yards total (includes storage and incoming material) Exempt 361-4.2(b)
Storm debris (yard trimmings and wood debris) management from a Governor designated disaster area Exempt 361-4.2(c)
Management of material subject to invasive species regulations (e.g. Emerald Ash Borer) or other disease organism restrictions or quarantines Exempt 361-4.2(d)
10,000 - 25,000 cubic yards on site (includes incoming material, processed material and storage) Registration 361-4.3(a)
>25,000 cubic yards on site (includes incoming material, processed material and storage) Permit 361-4.4 & 361-4.5


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