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2014 Enhanced I/M Program Annual Report

Executive Summary

Downloadable report PDF (1.47 MB, 29 pgs)

Downloadable report appendices PDF (4.69 MB, 46 pgs)

The New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) and Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) jointly administer New York State's motor vehicle Inspection and Maintenance (I/M) programs. This report reflects the Departments' coordinated efforts to fulfill federal I/M reporting requirements under 40 CFR Section 51.366.

New York State (62 counties) is covered by two I/M areas. The 9-county New York Metropolitan Area (NYMA) includes New York City (Bronx, Kings, New York, Richmond, and Queens Counties), Long Island (Nassau and Suffolk Counties), and Rockland and Westchester Counties. The remaining 53 counties comprise the "Upstate" I/M area.

During Calendar Year 2014, New York State emissions inspections were completed through the former NYVIP and current NYVIP2 (New York Vehicle Inspection Program) contracts. Both programs utilized a statewide network of approximately 10,000 decentralized inspection stations licensed by DMV. Mandatory onboard diagnostic (OBDII) inspections have been completed statewide since 2005 and are required for most model year 1996 and newer non-diesel light duty vehicles (LDVs) and light duty trucks (LDTs). Since July 2012, most 1997 and newer diesel-powered LDVs and LDTs have been subject to OBDII inspections.1 In addition to OBDII requirements, low enhanced emissions inspections (visual inspection of emission control devices and gas cap) are required statewide for applicable vehicles.

Following a Request for Proposal (RFP) procurement (2012), Opus Inspection (Opus) was awarded the NYVIP2 program manager contract in February 2013. Official inspections using new NYVIP2 equipment and its associated computerized network commenced in October 2013. Due to the planned phase-out of NYVIP, there were two I/M programs in operation during the last quarter of CY 2013 into January 2014. The transition to the current NYVIP2 program was completed on January 15, 2014.

During Calendar Year 2014, more than 5.13 million motor vehicles were registered within NYMA2. 3,899,373 NYMA vehicles3received either a NYVIP or NYVIP2 emissions inspection. The majority of the emissions-tested vehicles (3,617,478 or 92.77%) received OBDII inspections.

During Calendar Year 2014, more than 5.27 million motor vehicles were registered in the Upstate I/M area2. 4,238,494 Upstate vehicles3 received either a NYVIP or NYVIP2 emissions inspection. The majority of the emissions-tested vehicles (3,919,382 or 92.47%) received OBDII inspections.

Pursuant to a Consent Order filed on September 6, 1977, all yellow medallion taxi cabs under the jurisdiction of the New York City Taxi and Limousine Commission (T&LC) are required to receive three emissions inspections per year. Beginning in December 2003, the T&LC commenced mandatory OBDII inspections at their centralized test-only Woodside (Queens) facility for their applicable taxi fleet. Beginning in 2010, additional "For-Hire" vehicles became subject to mandatory OBDII inspections at the Woodside facility. During Calendar Year 2014, T&LC completed 111,682 OBDII inspections (initial and re-inspections) for 50,809 distinct vehicles (34,836 LDVs, 15,973 LDTs).


1 See Appendix C for specific reporting related to light-duty diesel OBD inspections.
2 The DMV registration file was screened to remove registration classes not subject to emissions inspections (i.e., trailers, motorcycles, ATVs, boats, locomotives, etc.). Additional discussion can be found within Sections 1.A and 1.B, and Appendices A (Table A-1), E, and F.
3 Based on unique VINs from the NYVIP and NYVIP2 inspection databases. See also Appendix A, Table A-2.

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