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Final 2000 PRL Annual Report - Executive Summary

This report details the final 2000 pesticides sales and application data submitted under Environmental Conservation Law Article 33, Title 12, known as the Pesticide Reporting Law (PRL). The New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (Department), in conjunction with Cornell University, presents a final data summary of commercial pesticide sales and use for calendar year 2000.

The Department and Cornell have quality assured the data and added data from late submittals. These finalized data have been incorporated into a master data base maintained by Cornell University. This data base is accessible by the public and is an information source for health researchers or other users of the data.

The final data show there were greater than 5.3 million "records" of applications and sales reported for 2000, totaling greater than 1.1 billion keystrokes of data. The total amount of pesticides reported as applied by commercial applicators in 2000 was 2,936,143.16 gallons and 17,844,438.00 pounds. This compares to 2,375,449.52 gallons and 20,916,790.45 pounds applied in 1999.

Please note: Although the Department and Cornell have gone to great lengths to quality assure the data, there are still concerns regarding the quality of the data received from the regulated community. Users of the data should review Section III.D., Data Qualifications, prior to use. In addition, the Department and Cornell attempt to provide the users with best data available and, therefore, occasional revisions to the data are required. Please visit our website to check for updates.

Pesticide Reporting Program

The Department continued its efforts to increase the compliance rate for reporting in the year 2000, primarily through public outreach and education, supplemented by enforcement. Due to a change in the NYCRR Part 325 regulations, a new category of pesticide applicator (technicians) was required to report their pesticide applications. This change added approximately 5,000 new reporters to the system in the year 2000. However, because pesticide applications made by technicians were required to be reported by their supervisors prior to 2000, no significant increase in the total amount of pesticides applied in New York State occurred as a result of this change.

The Department, in conjunction with its computer contractor, continued to operate a user-friendly website for regulated entities to report their sales and applications data. This made it easier for those entities that keep their records in an electronic format to report their sales and applications to the Department.

For the 2000 report year, the total number of applicators, technicians and permittees reporting was:
  • 19,207 Commercial Applicators and Technicians
  • 416 Commercial Permittees (Sales)

These figures indicate that 93.5 percent of the 20,541 certified applicators and technicians, and 99 percent of the 420 commercial permittees reported for 2000. The lower-than-average percentage of applicators and technicians reporting was primarily due to the fact that this was the first year that technicians were required to report their applications to the Department. Despite direct mailing, discussions at Statewide workshops and other attempts by the Department to notify the technician community of this requirement, many were still unaware of the change in regulation that required them to report. The Department will continue to provide outreach and education to this segment of the regulated community and it is anticipated that compliance with the reporting requirement will be much better next year.

The Department's long-term goal is to continually improve the reporting rate and data quality by raising the threshold for report acceptance each year. The Department refined its front-line quality control program where Department staff evaluate incoming reports to ensure basic criteria were met. The criteria were established to maximize the volume of data that would be transferrable into Cornell's master data base. To be accepted, a report must:

  1. be in the Department's standardized format;
  2. contain data in all columns;
  3. have valid certification numbers for all certified commercial applicators and technicians or a valid commercial permit number; and
  4. be legible.

If a report did not meet these criteria, Department staff sought to correct the report, if possible, through telephone discussion or by mail, with the person filing the report. This approach minimized the number of rejected reports. If the errors were too numerous, the report was rejected and returned to the business or applicator to be corrected and resubmitted.

The above procedures helped to eliminate some of the constraints on data quality identified in previous annual reports; however, some constraints remain. The Department intends to eliminate as many constraints as possible by expanding the list of acceptance criteria. In this way, the acceptance threshold will rise continuously but gradually, paralleling the learning curve for the regulated community, the Department and Cornell. The goal is to maximize the quantity and quality of data available to health researchers and other users of the data.

The Department will continue to work with the reporting community to achieve maximum compliance. As a supplement to the education and outreach efforts, the Department took enforcement actions against those applicators who failed to report for year 2000. An Order on Consent was sent to approximately 2,500 certified commercial pesticide applicators and commercial permit holders who did not report for year 2000. As a result of this action, many of those entities were assessed a civil penalty. Total civil penalties assessed for not reporting for the year 2000 were approximately $50,000. Many applicators elected to voluntarily surrender their certification instead of paying a penalty. Those entities who did not settle the violation had their certification, business registration, or commercial permit revoked.

The detailed data on applications and sales are voluminous, and contained in the eight separate data summaries included as part of this report (see the Table of Contents for a description of each summary). These detailed data summaries are available on the Department's website or on CD ROM. For a copy on CD ROM, please call 518-402-8748.

To make the information presented more easily understood and in response to recommendations, the Department is moving toward translating the volume (gallons) of pesticides reported into pounds. In order to convert the volume of a liquid into pounds, the specific gravity of the liquid must be known. The Department has changed its product registration practices to capture the specific gravity of each liquid pesticide product as it is registered for sale or use in New York State. It will be several years before the Department is able to complete this transition and provide the information as pounds only.

The following totals are those most frequently requested:

Total amount of pesticides applied by commercial applicators in New York State in 2000:

  • 2,936,143.16 Gallons
  • 17,844,438.00 Pounds

The three largest total amounts of pesticide products applied by commercial applicators, by weight, were:

  • Lesco Pre-M Plus Fertilizer (EPA Registration No. 10404-82)*
  • Merit 0.2 Plus Turf Fertilizer (EPA Registration No. 3125-474-10404)*
  • Sunny Sol 150 Disinfectant (EPA Registration No. 1744-20001)

*These products contain small amounts of pesticides combined with large amounts of fertilizer and other ingredients. The weight reported here is the weight of all ingredients, not the weight of pesticides alone.

The three largest total amounts of pesticide products applied by commercial applicators, by volume, were:

  • Demon TC Insecticide/Miticide (EPA Registration No. 10182-107)
  • Whitmire TKO Microencapsulated Diazanon PT Insecticide/Miticide(EPA Registration No. 499-330)
  • Surchlor Disinfectant (EPA Registration No. 9359-8)

Total amount of pesticides sold to private applicators for agricultural use in New York State in 2000:

  • 881,817.54 Gallons
  • 5,634,912.36 Pounds

The three largest total amounts of pesticide products sold to private applicators, by weight, were:

  • Lorsban Insecticide (EPA Registration No. 62719-34)
  • Force 3G Insecticide (EPA Registration No. 10182-373)
  • Dithane DF Agricultural Fungicide (EPA Registration No. 707-180)

The three largest total amounts of pesticide products sold to private applicators, by volume, were:

  • Prowl 3.3 EC Herbicide (EPA Registration No. 241-337)
  • Roundup Ultra Herbicide (EPA Registration No. 524-475)
  • Bicep Lite II Herbicide (EPA Registration No. 100-766)

Total amount of pesticides sold to distributors for resale in New York State in 2000 was:

  • 267,547.03 Gallons
  • 5,061,517.97 Pounds

Total amount of pesticides sold to applicators for end use in New York State in 2000 was:

  • 372,610.88 Gallons
  • 2,208,418.63 Pounds

Please note: Although the Department and Cornell have gone to great lengths to quality assure the data, there are still concerns regarding the quality of the data received from the regulated community. Users of the data should review Section III.D., Data Qualifications, prior to use. In addition, the Department and Cornell attempt to provide the users with best data available and, therefore, occasional revisions to the data are required. Please visit our website to check for updates.


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