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Perc Dry Cleaning Machine Disposal

MACHINE DISPOSAL: Facility owners or managers are required to submit a Notice of Dry Cleaning Equipment Shutdown to the department (Form 232-14) when the operation of any perc or alternative solvent dry cleaning machine is terminated and taken out of service. This completed form must be submitted to the department by means of certified mail, return receipt requested, no later than 30 days after the termination of operation.

Proper Disposal of Used Perc Dry-cleaning Equipment

The disposal of perc dry cleaning machines comes under the Hazardous Waste Regulation, Part 236. Part 236 requires dry cleaners to carefully consider how they will dispose of their used Perc machines. Basically, there are three different options:

OPTION 1: The machine is taken out of service and sold out of State

If a perc dry cleaning machine is to be sold out of state, the machine would not be considered solid waste and special permitting would not be required before being relocated to the out-of-state location. However, all the drainings and spent wash solution from the machine would have to be managed and disposed as a hazardous waste.

Note: Part 232 expressly forbids the installation of any used perc dry cleaning machine in New York State unless a variance has been granted. In the absence of a variance, the used machine MUST be sold to an out-of-state dry cleaner if it is to remain operational.

OPTION 2: The used machine is disposed of as a "Non-Hazardous Waste"

If a Perc dry cleaning machine is to be disposed of as non-hazardous waste, Part 376 requires that the machine be cleaned using a cleaning or destruction method such as water washing as described in the regulation [Part 376.4(g)]. The cleaning can be done at the dry cleaners site without needing a Part 373 Hazardous Waste Treatment Permit provided that the machine is both cleaned and removed within 90 days of the date it was taken out of service. It is very important that the cleaning and machine removal take place within this 90-day period. Otherwise, the cleaning must be done at a facility with a Part 373 Hazardous Waste Treatment Permit.

OPTION 3: The machine is disposed of as "Scrap Metal"

If a Perc machine is to be reclaimed for the scrap metal, instead of disposal, there are two possibilities:

  1. The dry cleaner could clean the machine as proscribed in option two and then turn the machine over to a scrap metal reclaimer. When cleaned in this manner, prior to disposal, the machine would be considered non-hazardous waste.
  2. The dry cleaner could send the uncleaned machine to a scrap metal reclaimer that has the proper permit and facilities to handle the hazardous waste. However, even though the scrap metal reclaimer would be responsible for the machine cleaning, the dry cleaner would still be legally and ultimately responsible for the proper handling of the hazardous waste (i.e., the perc contaminated machine). For this reason, it is very important that dry cleaners hire a reputable hazardous waste handler/recycler. If a cleaner lets a scrap metal reclaimer handle the removal of an uncleaned machine as hazardous waste, the cleaner would still have to file a "C7" Notification for Hazardous Waste Generators". This notification which documents the name, date and waste hauler and waste generator must then be sent to the appropriate Department of Environmental Conservation regional office.

Remember that no matter which option you choose, all perc and perc-contaminated washing solutions and drainings from the machine must be handled as hazardous waste. In most cases your regular hazardous waste hauler can handle the extra volume. If you have any questions about disposal of your drycleaning machine you can call the SBEO at 1-800-STATE-NY.

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    Division of Air Resources
    Dry Cleaner Program
    625 Broadway
    Albany, NY 12233-3254
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