New Vehicle Technology
New York State's Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) program is modeled after the California LEV program and applies to all new on-road motor vehicles, motor vehicle engines, and emission control systems delivered for sale in New York. New York's LEV program requires all new vehicles sold in the state to be certified to California emissions standards, which are more stringent than federal standards. The LEV program is designed to reduce emissions of smog forming pollutants including hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, and oxides of nitrogen.
The LEV program also includes Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) and Greenhouse Gas (GHG) standards that are modeled after California programs. New York's ZEV standards require manufacturers to deliver ZEV including battery electric and fuel cell vehicles; Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV); and conventional vehicles with extremely low emissions. ZEV provide an emission benefit due to the absence of tailpipe emissions, while HEV and low emission conventional vehicles enable the development and implementation of ZEV technologies. New York's GHG standards are designed to reduce mobile source GHG emissions including carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and refrigerants from motor vehicle air conditioning systems.