Underwater Archeological Report, Final Phase 1 B, for the Onondaga Lake Bottom Subsite
October 11, 2011
This report presents the results of a Phase 1B underwater archaeological survey for the Onondaga Lake Bottom Subsite of the Onondaga Lake Superfund Site. The survey was undertaken to document the existence and significance of underwater cultural resources that may be impacted during remedial activities in Onondaga Lake. This survey facilitates management and assessment of archaeological resources in Onondaga Lake consistent with Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA) of 1966, as amended; the Secretary of the Interior's Standards and Guidelines for Archeology and Historic Preservation; the New York Archaeological Council's Standards for Cultural Resource Investigations and the Curation of Archaeological Collections in New York State; and the New York State Historic Preservation Office's Phase I Archaeological Report Format Requirements.
Onondaga Lake is located in Onondaga County, New York and is contained within the City of Syracuse, and the towns of Salina and Geddes (Figure 1 and Figure 2). The lake has an aerial extent of about 4.5 square miles (11.7km2), with a drainage basin of approximately 233 square miles (603.5km2). The Onondaga Lake Superfund Site comprises the Onondaga Lake bottom, seven tributaries, and upland sources of lake contamination. The remedy for the Onondaga Lake bottom subsite was selected in accordance with the requirements of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980, as amended (CERCLA) and documented in a Record of Decision. The archeological fieldwork conducted at the lake included side scan sonar, sector scan sonar, videography from a remotely operated vehicle (ROV) and target verification by archaeological divers. The survey area constituted all of the lake bottom remedial areas which total 418.7 acres (169.4 hectares) of bottomlands. The fieldwork was executed between June 2 to 11, and October 25 to 28, 2010; and June 20 to 29, 2011.