Cultural Resources Management Report Phase 1B Reconnaissance Survey for Wastebeds 1-8
This report presents the results of the Phase 1B reconnaissance survey for the Wastebeds 1-8 Shoreline portion and supplemental work on Wastebeds 1-8 of the Onondaga Lake Project, Upland and Shoreline Area. The survey follows the recommendations set forth in the Phase 1B Work Plan (Hohman and Versaggi 2010). The Phase 1B Work Plan outlines the scope of the reconnaissance survey, including:
- Archaeological subsurface testing through the excavation of shovel test pits (STPs)
- Additional soil boring analysis by archaeologists and geoarchaeologists, if needed
- Archaeological work will be monitored by a representative of the Onondaga Nation.
Background research was completed previously for the area of Wastebeds 1-8 shoreline as part of the Phase 1A survey and the Phase 1B Work Plan (Hohman 2010, 2004; Hohman and Versaggi 2010). Supplemental information was added as necessary for the location of this project. The background research was conducted on the environment, precontact and postcontact history of the project area. This research addressed the types of sites likely to be located in the project area based on the results of site file checks, postcontact period maps, county histories, archival documents, and settlement patterns around Onondaga Lake.
The project area is east and southeast of the present confluence of Ninemile Creek and Onondaga Lake (Figure 3, p. 4). The site files identified at least five known precontact sites within 1.6 km (1 mi) of the project area. These sites include an unidentified precontact period village or possible hamlet about 360 m (1200 ft) west of Onondaga Lake; a campsite (or multiple campsites) with Native American artifacts around Pleasant Beach and east of Ninemile Creek; an unidentified earthwork adjacent to Ninemile Creek; a precontact period mound adjacent to Ninemile Creek; and a precontact period mound 305 m (1000 ft) north of Ninemile Creek. In addition, Parker (1922) recorded traces of precontact occupation along Ninemile Creek approximately 1.6 km (1 mi) to the west of the lake, as well as a number of projectile points along Ninemile Creek (Hohman 2004). The sites identified as adjacent to Ninemile Creek may have been near its original confluence with Onondaga Lake (Figure 14, p. 19). The late 18th/early 19th century map (Figure 7, p. 12) suggests that sedges, soft maple, and black ash were located in the vicinity of the present shoreline. There are no architectural resources within the project area that were previously determined as eligible for the National Register of Historic Places.
Cultural Resources Management Report Phase 1B Reconnaissance Survey Onondaga Lake Project, Upland and Shoreline Area, Wastebeds 1-8-Sept.; 30, 2011