Frontier Chemical Superfund Site
Frontier Chemical Update: Cleanup Action to Begin
Frontier Chemical Superfund site
Action is about to begin that will address the contamination related to the Frontier Chemical - Royal Avenue site ("site") located at 4626 Royal Avenue, Niagara Falls, Niagara County under New York's State Superfund Program. Please see the map for the Site Location.
The site is listed as a Class "2" site in the State Registry of Inactive Hazardous Waste Sites (list of State Superfund sites). A Class 2 site represents a significant threat to public health or the environment; action is required.
Documents related to the cleanup of this site can be found at the locations identified below under Where to Find Information. The cleanup activities will be performed by the responsible party with oversight provided by New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC).
Highlights of the Upcoming Cleanup Activities
The goal of the cleanup action for the site is to achieve cleanup levels that protect public health and the environment. The consent order has been signed by the remedial party group and DEC and site preparation work has begun. Excavation of source area contaminated soil is expected to begin in May. The cleanup action for the site includes:
- Preparation of a Remedial Design based on the Record of Decision;
- Removal of existing buildings, structures and debris at the site;
- Excavation and on-site thermal treatment of contaminated source area soil;
- Filling in removed soil with a site cover, which will be required to allow commercial/industrial use of the site. The cover will consist either of the structures such as buildings, pavement, sidewalks comprising the site development or a soil cover;
- Site groundwater will be controlled/treated through the use of the existing municipal combined sewer infrastructure in agreement with the Niagara Falls Water Board;
- Imposition of an institutional control in the form of an environmental easement for the property, which restricts future use of the site
Digital Files of the Project Documents
- Remedial Design (Document 1 of 2) (72 page PDF, 4.49 MB)
- Remedial Design - Appendices (Document 2 of 2) (328 page PDF, 3.98 MB)
After completion of the cleanup activities, the responsible party will prepare a Final Engineering Report. The Final Engineering Report will describe the cleanup activities completed and certify that cleanup requirements have been achieved or will be achieved.
DEC will keep the public informed throughout the cleanup of the site.
Additional site details, including environmental and health assessment summaries, are available on DEC's website.
State Superfund Program
New York's State Superfund Program (SSF) identifies and characterizes suspected inactive hazardous waste disposal sites. Sites that pose a significant threat to public health and/or the environment go through a process of investigation, evaluation, cleanup and monitoring. DEC attempts to identify parties responsible for site contamination and require cleanup before committing State funds.
The Frontier Chemical Royal Avenue site is approximately 9 acres in size and is located at the northwestern corner of Royal Avenue and 47th Street in the City of Niagara Falls. The majority of the buildings on the site have been demolished, although some smaller buildings and structures remain. The site is completely fenced and the majority of the surface of the site is covered by either concrete or blacktop. Several large areas of demolition debris piles also occupy areas on the surface of the site. A residential neighborhood is present approximately ½ mile west of the site. The Frontier Chemical site is in a heavily industrialized area of Niagara Falls. The site is currently zoned for industrial use.
The Frontier Chemical Waste Process Corporation operated a permitted waste treatment, storage, and disposal (TSD) facility at the Royal Avenue Site from 1974 to December 1992. While operating, this facility treated or stored approximately 25,000 tons of chemical wastes per year.Several major spills were documented during site operations, and in December 1992, following documented releases of hazardous waste from numerous drums, the site was ordered closed by DEC.
Several investigations of the site were performed between 1981 and 1990. These investigations were primarily focused on identifying areas of groundwater contamination, and were required under terms of the facility's operating permit. In 1992, the bankruptcy of the company's management firm ended the company's preliminary plans to implement corrective actions to address the identified groundwater contamination.
The facility closed in December 1992, and an emergency removal action was initiated by the US Environment Protection Agency (EPA) to remove the stored hazardous wastes from the site. During 1993/ 1994, under a voluntary agreement with the EPA, a group of PRPs removed over 4,000 drums of waste from the site. In a subsequent agreement with the EPA, a second removal was conducted by the PRPs during 1994/1995 which resulted in the removal of wastes from the 45 storage tanks on the property.
In 1995, DEC listed the Site as a Class 2 site in the Registry of Inactive Hazardous Waste Disposal Sites in New York State. A Class 2 site is a site where hazardous waste presents a significant threat to the public health or environment and action is required.
In January 2001, the site was referred to DEC for action using State Superfund.
Operable Units: The site was divided into two operable units. An operable unit represents a portion of a remedial program for a site that for technical or administrative reasons can be addressed separately to investigate, eliminate or mitigate a release, thereat of release or exposure pathway resulting from the site contamination. OU No. 1 consists of the overburden soil, as well as overburden and upper (defined as the A zone and B zone) bedrock groundwater and is the topic of this proposed ROD Amendment. OU No. 2 is the deep (defined as the C-zone and deeper) bedrock groundwater and was the subject of the March 2011 ROD. OU No. 2 remains unchanged.
Who to Contact
Should you have any question about this project, please feel welcome to contact these representatives:
270 Michigan Avenue
Buffalo NY 14203
584 Delaware Avenue
Buffalo NY 14202
Where to Find Information
Public interest and input in this project is valued and appreciated. To keep you informed, DEC has set up locations at which you may view project documents. These locations include:
DEC Region 9 Office
270 Michigan Avenue
Buffalo NY 14203
(Please call for an appointment.)
Niagara Falls Library
Earl Brydges Memorial Building
Attn: Ms. Betty Babanoury
1425 Main Street
Niagara Falls NY 14305
Electronic versions of project documents are available on this page and in the "Important Links" section in the right column of this page.
For More Information
We encourage you to share this fact sheet with neighbors and tenants, and/or post this fact sheet in a prominent area of your building for others to see.
Have site information such as this fact sheet sent right to your email inbox. DEC invites you to sign up with one or more contaminated sites county email listservs available. It's quick, it's free, and it will help keep you better informed.
As a listserv member, you will periodically receive site-related information/announcements for all contaminated sites in the county(ies) you select.
Aerial view of the Frontier Chemical Superfund site