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Chapter 3. Existing Program Description

It is a comprehensive and detailed description of the planning unit solid waste management program.

The purpose of this chapter is to thoroughly describe how the management of the four waste streams noted above is carried out, from collection and transportation to its final destination, regardless of whether the processing or disposal is performed inside or outside of the planning unit. This description needs to include all program aspects including infrastructure, programs, initiatives or any other related activity.
Additionally, it is an opportunity to identify the actions and efforts undertaken by the planning unit over the course of the previous planning period.

The description needs to include, but is not limited to:


  • Name
  • Location
  • Regulatory status (i.e., permitted, registered, exempt)
  • Related infrastructure (e.g., buildings, equipment, etc.)
  • Service areas (including areas outside of the planning unit).
  • Capacity and expected life
  • Revenues and expenditures
  • Amount of waste accepted from within and outside of the planning unit.
  • Partnerships and contractual agreements
  • Assessment of market needs.
  • Discussion of facilities at which permitting and development is actively being conducted, and those which have been considered as part of previous planning efforts, but not yet implemented.
  • Identification of municipally-owned waste disposal facilities that have been used in the past, but whose use has been discontinued.


Description of existing programs, activities, and strategies developed by the planning unit or its member municipalities for the management of all four waste streams noted above.

The following programs need to include, but not be limited to:

Collection program: Description of collection methods for MSW (including all recyclables), C&D debris, industrial waste, and biosolids.

  • Service areas
  • Major collection routes and frequency of collection
  • Identification of collection provider type (self-haul, private, public, municipal, or combination).
  • List of haulers and any hauler licensing program
  • Contractual hauler agreements
  • Volume-based pricing structures (e.g., PAYT, SMART)
  • Discussion of any current flow control constraints, if applicable

Waste reduction, reuse, and recycling programs: Description of existing efforts to recover recyclables and strategies to reduce or divert the amount of recyclable solid waste destined for disposal.

  • Incentive strategies - volume-based pricing structures (e.g., PAYT, SMART)
  • Reuse centers and material exchanges
  • Institutional programs (e.g., school districts, colleges, hospitals, prisons etc.)
  • Municipal office/facilities recycling programs
  • Industrial recyclables recovery efforts and strategies
  • C&D debris recycling and deconstruction programs
  • Beneficial use of solid waste
  • Any other strategies employed

Organic Management Programs: Description of existing strategies and efforts to reduce or divert the amount of organics destined for disposal, and to recover organic wastes, including but not limited to:

  • Food scraps recycling
  • Yard trimmings - grasscycling/Leave it on the lawn
  • Food processing waste
  • Biosolids
  • Animal mortalities
  • Food banks and other charitable organizations
  • Composting, backyard composting, and co-composting
  • Anaerobic digestion
  • Animal feed practices

Education and Outreach program: Description of all the education and outreach efforts undertaken to communicate the benefits of waste reduction, reuse, and recycling. It should include but not be limited to brochures, mailings, community education events, school outreach activities, and information published on the web.

Enforcement program: Description of enforcement measures taken to ensure the successful implementation of the programs described.

Laws and regulations related to solid waste management

Evaluation of the costs of the waste management system: Including but not limited to:

  • Operating capital
  • Investments
  • Insurance
  • Operation and maintenance
  • Administration
  • Financing
  • Export, transport, and tipping fees
  • Other applicable costs

Administrative structure of the existing solid waste program: Description of the staff responsible for implementing the planning unit's solid waste management program. It should include the amount and titles of individuals who are in charge of administering and operating:

  • Facilities
  • Education and outreach program
  • Collection program
  • Licensing and permitting
  • Planning and reporting
  • Any other related aspects of the waste management program

Market Analysis: The LSWMP must include a list of the current markets for all recyclables recovered by the planning unit. Additionally, a description of market services currently available and any potential future restrictions to market development needs to be included.

Chapter 4. Technology Assessment/Evaluation of Alternatives

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    Bureau of Permitting and Planning
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