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Chapter 2. Solid Waste Quantities and Composition

A complete and detailed estimate of the current solid waste generation by the planning unit. Quantities and composition characterization need to be provided for at a minimum each of the following waste streams; MSW, C&D debris, industrial waste and biosolids.

Waste Composition

The identification, characterization, and quantification of the materials found in the various waste streams will aid in the evaluation and prioritization of management strategies over the 10-year planning period. All waste generated within the planning unit needs to be addressed, regardless of the generator and whether or not the waste is managed by a public or a private entity.

The estimate may be based upon data generated by the planning unit, applicable published data, and/or other reliable information. In order to aid in this process, the Department has developed a Population and Municipal Solid Waste Composition Calculator (Excel, 450 KB) and a C&D Debris Waste Composition Calculator (Excel, 617 KB) that can be used to approximate the current and future material's composition of the waste stream.

Solid Waste Composition

All materials generated within the planning unit from all generating sectors must be considered in the planning process. At a minimum, the following four waste streams need to be quantified and characterized:

Municipal Solid Waste (MSW):

Includes all waste generated by residents, commercial establishments, and institutional sources. Some of the most common materials found in the MSW stream are:

  • Paper
  • Metals
  • Plastics
  • Glass
  • Food Scraps
  • Yard Trimmings
  • Textiles
  • Do-It-Yourself Project Construction and Demolition debris (C&D)
  • Electronics (E-Waste)
  • Household Hazardous Waste
  • Diapers
  • Tires **
  • Other miscellaneous MSW

Construction and Demolition (C&D) debris:

Includes uncontaminated solid waste resulting from the construction, remodeling, repair, and demolition of utilities, structures, and roads. This does not include small amounts of Do-It-Yourself residential project C&D debris. Typical materials found in the C&D debris stream are:

  • CARBs (Concrete, Asphalt, Rock, and Brick)
  • Wood
  • Roofing
  • Drywall
  • Soil/Gravel
  • Metal
  • Plastic
  • Corrugated Paper
  • Land clearing debris and storm debris materials

Industrial Waste (Non-Hazardous):

Includes discarded materials generated by manufacturing or industrial processes, which includes, but is not limited to:

  • Paper mill residuals
  • Food processing waste
  • Coal ash
  • Liquid waste (acids, leachate)
  • Foundry sands


Includes solid or semisolid organic materials generated as a result of the treatment of wastewater.

Chapter 3. Existing Program Description

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