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Local SWM Plan Development


A LSWMP is a valuable tool for the organization and decision-making process for solid waste management of the municipalities in the state. It is an instrument intended to evaluate the current solid waste management practices, evaluate the options and alternatives available for future solid waste management, and to set forth the implementation steps for a 10-year planning period along with establishing projections of reduction in waste disposal over the 10-year plan. An overarching goal of a LSWMP is to reduce the amount of solid waste destined for disposal by preventing its generation and increasing reuse, recycling, composting, and other organic materials recycling methods.


An LSWMP should be developed in a manner that is reflective of the specific characteristics, needs, and opportunities of each planning unit and its communities. Development and implementation of the LSWMP must be consistent with the solid waste hierarchy and strive to achieve reduction in the amount of waste disposed to the maximum extent economically practicable. The collective efforts of the Planning Units across the state in combination with the state initiatives are intended to lead to the achievement of the goals described in the State Solid Waste Management Plan.



It is the responsibility of the planning units to develop a complete and resourceful LSWMP that is as detailed, concrete, and realistic as possible to ensure it continues to be a valuable and useful tool for the entire planning period. The use of creative and suitable resources such as maps, graphics, tables, etc. are encouraged.


For more information about planning units, refer to 6 NYCRR Subpart 360-15 and 360-1.9(f).



Description of a LSWMP

Description of LSWMP

The contents of the LSWMP are presented in three sections that will be addressed under one or more chapters of the plan. This is a suggested format for planning units to follow when developing their individual LSWMPs to ensure all the required components are addressed in the document, however, planning units are free to adjust the format as they feel appropriate to best present their individual LSWMP:

Assessment of current conditions (planning unit, waste stream, and solid waste management system)

Chapter 1. Planning Unit Description - Detailed description of the planning unit and its members. Identification of generators and special circumstances that characterize the planning unit and its individual characteristics.

Chapter 2. Solid Waste Quantities and Composition - Complete estimate of the current quantities and composition of the overall waste stream generated in the planning unit. This evaluation needs to include estimates for municipal solid waste (MSW), which includes residential, commercial and institutional waste, construction and demolition (C&D) debris, industrial waste, and biosolids.

Chapter 3. Existing Program Description - Description of the existing solid waste management system, including facilities, initiatives, and programs currently undertaken by the planning unit.

Identification of needs and evaluation of alternatives


Chapter 4.Technology Assessment / Evaluation of Alternatives - Identification and evaluation of the various systemic and technological alternatives for the management of all materials generated in the planning unit. Separate evaluations for MSW, C&D debris, industrial waste, and biosolids need to be provided.


Selection of the system for the planning period

Chapter 5. Integrated System Selection - Selection of the solid waste management system for the 10-year planning period. The rationale, description, and justification of the alternatives selected for each waste stream and the various generating sectors need to be addressed.

Chapter 6. Implementation Schedule and Solid Waste Management Projections - The LSWMP needs to set aggressive, yet achievable reduction and recovery goals for the planning unit over the course of the planning period based on the final implementation schedule. The implementation schedule needs to be detailed and specify tasks, subtasks, milestones, and responsible parties for the entire planning period. The disposal reduction and recovery projections need to be integrally linked to the implementation schedule and include estimates of the progressive reduction of solid waste generated and destined for disposal, and the expected increases in recycling rates over the 10-year planning period.



Review and Approval Process of a Local Solid Waste Management Plan (LSWMP)


More about Local SWM Plan Development:

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