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Former Mill No. 2

Site Number C932150

Fact Sheet - July 2012

Former Mill #2 Update: DEC Certifies Cleanup Requirements Achieved at Brownfield Site

Before Remediation - vacant building
Before Remediation: Former Mill #2 Site

New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) has determined the cleanup requirements to address contamination related to Former Mill No. 2 ("site") located at 4400 Royal Avenue, Niagara Falls, Niagara County under New York State's Brownfield Cleanup Program (BCP) have been or will be met. DEC has issued a Certificate of Completion (COC) regarding the site. A copy of the Notice of the COC is available at the location identified under Where to Find Information.

With its receipt of a COC, the applicant is eligible to redevelop the site. In addition, the applicant:

  • Has no liability to the State for contamination at or coming from the site, subject to certain conditions; and
  • Is eligible for tax credits to offset the costs of performing cleanup activities and for redevelopment of the site.

A COC may be modified or revoked if, for example, there is a failure to comply with the terms of the order or agreement with DEC.

By the Numbers:

Brownfield Numbers:

Building under construcion after remediation
After Remediation: Former Mill #2 Site clean
with redevelopment under construction
  • $16,234,557 - Cost of remedial work at site including investigation and Interim Remedial Measure (IRM)
  • 135,839 tons - Amount of contaminated soil disposed at local permitted landfill facilities
  • 67,827 tons - Amount of un-contaminated soil removed from the site for re-use
  • 20,087 tons - Amount of radiologically-affected soil disposed at a permitted out of state facility

Cleaned Facility Numbers:

  • $400 to 450 million - amount of redevelopment cost of new facility
  • 450 - Amount of construction jobs created during redevelopment
  • 105 - Amount of permanent jobs created at new facility (after construction)

Site Timeline:

BCA signed
Fall: Building demolition begins

Remedial cleanup work begins with soil excavation
August: Radiologically-affected material discovered
December: Soil Excavation complete site backfilled

Building Demolition complete
April: Remedial Investigation Approved
May: Alternatives Analysis and IRM Report approved
June: SMP approved, expect approval of FER and issuance of COC by June 29, 2012

Construction equipment excavating soil at site.
During Remediation: Soil excavation at Former Mill #2 Site

Highlights of the draft Final Engineering Report (FER)

The FER has several goals:

  1. Describe the cleanup activities completed;
  2. Certify that cleanup requirements have been achieved or will be achieved for the site;
  3. Describe any institutional/engineering controls to be used. An institutional control is a non-physical restriction on use of the site, such as a deed restriction, when contamination left over after the cleanup action makes the site suitable for some, but not all uses. An engineering control is a physical barrier or method to manage contamination such as a cap or vapor barrier; and
  4. Certify that a site management plan for any engineering controls used at the site has been approved by DEC.

Next Steps

Construction equipment filling in soil at site.
During Remediation: Site backfilling at Former Mill #2 Site

DEC will complete its review and revise the FER as necessary. The FER will be made available to the public (see Where to Find Information below). With the issuance of the COC by the DEC, the applicant would be able to complete redevelopment of the site.

In addition, the applicant:

  • would have no liability to the State for contamination at or coming from the site, subject to certain conditions; and
  • would be eligible for tax credits to offset the costs of performing cleanup activities and for redevelopment of the site.

A COC may be modified or revoked if, for example, an applicant does not comply with the terms of its BCA with DEC. A fact sheet will be sent to the site contact list when DEC issues a COC to the applicant.


The Former Mill #2 site, now known as Greenpac Mill, LLC is a facility located at 4400 Royal Avenue, Niagara Falls, Niagara County. The Greenpac Mill Site which includes the Former Mill #2, Northern Extension and CSX ROW is approximately 18.52 acres. The site is bounded by the active Norampac facility to the north, open land owned by Power Authority State of New York (PASNY) to the west, Royal Avenue to the south and industrial land along 47th street to the east. The site is adjacent to the Frontier Chemical Royal Ave inactive hazardous waste site #932110.

The Former Mill #2 area and buildings encompassed approximately 661,980 square feet and historically housed paper manufacturing, finishing, and packaging operations of completed goods. The Former Mill #2 buildings consisted of several interconnected two story or five story concrete and masonry buildings which were constructed during various time frames, with the earliest being 1923 and the latest reported date of 1974. The former mill was taken out service several years ago and had fallen into disrepair to the extent that certain portions of structures had collapsed and others exhibited evidence of structural distress. All former structures in the BCP area have been demolished to allow site redevelopment.

Additional site details, including environmental and health assessment summaries, are available on DEC's website.

Brownfield Cleanup Program

New York's BCP encourages the voluntary cleanup of contaminated properties known as "brownfields" so that they can be reused and redeveloped. These uses may include recreation, housing, business or other uses. A brownfield is any real property that is difficult to reuse or redevelop because of the presence or potential presence of contamination. For more information about the BCP, visit DEC's website.

Where to Find Information

Project documents are available at the following location to help the public stay informed:

Niagara Falls Public Library
Earl W. Bridges Building
1425 Main Street
Niagara Falls, NY 14305

Who to Contact

Comments and questions are always welcome and should be directed as follows:

Project Related Questions:
Michael Hinton
NYS DEC, Division of Environmental Remediation
270 Michigan Ave
Buffalo, NY 14203-2915

Site-Related Health Questions:
Matthew Forcucci
584 Delaware Ave
Buffalo, NY 14202-1295

For More Information

We encourage you to share this fact sheet with neighbors and tenants, and/or post this fact sheet in a prominent area of your building for others to see.

*Receive Site Fact Sheets by Email

Have site information such as this fact sheet sent right to your email inbox. DEC invites you to sign up with one or more contaminated sites county email listservs available at the following web page. It's quick, it's free, and it will help keep you better informed.

As a listserv member, you will periodically receive site-related information/announcements for all contaminated sites in the county(ies) you select. You may continue also to receive paper copies of site information for a time after you sign up with a county listserv, until the transition to electronic distribution is complete.

Site Location

Overhead map of site
Aerial view of Former Mill #2 Site