Department of Environmental Conservation

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Composting is the controlled aerobic decomposition of organic material such as food scraps, leaves, etc. that creates a nutrient rich product called compost. Common materials that are composted include:

  • Food Scraps
  • Biosolids
  • Yard Trimmings
  • Manure
  • Animal Bedding
  • Animal Mortalities

Types of Composting

Composting occurs across the state in various forms:

  • Onsite/Home Composting
  • Vermicomposting
  • Windrow Composting
  • Aerated Static Pile Composting
  • In-Vessel Composting

Learn more about the types of composting and further understanding the composting process.

Composting Regulations

Red Hook Community Farm

Composting operations in New York State are regulated by 6 NYCRR Part 361-3.2 in one of three ways: exempt, registered or permitted. Regulation of composting facilities depend on the location, quantity and type of material composting.

Summary of Composting Regulations (by quantity and type of material)

How to apply for a composting registration or permit

In accordance with the regulations, regulated composting facilities are required to submit an annual report to the Department by March 1st of every year summarizing their inputs, outputs and compliance with regulatory requirements.

Composting Around the State

NYS Open Data Composting - Solid Waste Management Facilities Map

NYS P2I Organics Resource Locator

Cornell Waste Management Institute NYS Compost Facilities Map