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Buffalo China

Site Number C915209

Fact Sheet - December 2012
Buffalo China Update: DEC Issues Certificate of Completion

New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) has determined Buffalo China has satisfactorily completed the remedial program at the Former Buffalo China Site, located at 51 Hayes Place in Buffalo, under New York's Brownfield Cleanup Program (BCP).

DEC has issued a Certificate of Completion (COC) to the applicant. A copy of the COC is available at the locations listed under Where to Find Information.

What has been done at the Site?

Buffalo China completed soil removal and off-site disposal in December 2011 and March 2012. The remedial program activities included:

  • Excavating impacted soil;
  • Sampling the sidewalls and bottom of the excavations to ensure that contaminant concentrations were at or below applicable standards;
  • Transporting and disposing impacted soils at a registered waste disposal facility;
  • Placing clean gravel in the excavation areas;
  • Installation of in situ groundwater treatment injection wells and piping gallery;
  • Implementation of the in situ groundwater treatment program;
  • Soil Vapor Intrusion sampling and mitigation at off-site properties; and
  • Preparing a Site Management Plan (SMP) and an environmental easement that describe institutional and
    engineering controls for the site.

Institutional and Engineering Controls

Institutional and engineering controls generally are designed to reduce or eliminate exposure to contaminants of concern. An institutional control is a non-physical restriction on use of the site, such as an environmental easement, when contamination left over after the cleanup action makes the site suitable for some, but not all uses. An engineering control is a physical barrier or method to manage contamination such as a soil cover system. Details of the cleanup activities can be found in the Final Engineering Report (FER), which is available at the document repository identified on this fact sheet.

The following institutional and/or engineering controls have been put in place on the site:

  • A requirement for the maintenance of existing cover systems such as existing buildings and paved areas;
  • A requirement for the installation and maintenance of a soil cover system in areas where the upper one foot of exposed surface soil exceeds the applicable SCOs.
  • Operation and maintenance of in situ groundwater treatment injection wells and piping gallery.
  • Operation and maintenance of a sub-slab depressurization system at one off-site property;
  • Prohibiting the use of groundwater without necessary water quality treatment, as determined by the New York State Department of Health (DOH), and prior notification and approval by the DEC.
  • Restricting the property to industrial use;
  • Investigating the potential for soil vapor intrusion, and if necessary, installing vapor mitigation systems at buildings developed on the site;
  • Inspecting the site and ensuring that institutional controls have not been altered and remain effective.

Next Steps

DEC issued the COC based on review and approval of a FER submitted by the applicant. The FER includes:

  1. A description of the cleanup activities completed;
  2. Certification that cleanup requirements have been achieved for the site;
  3. A description of any institutional/engineering controls to be used; and
  4. A certification that a site management plan for any engineering controls used at the site has been approved by DEC.

In addition, the applicant:

  • Has no liability to the State for contamination at or coming from the site, subject to certain conditions; and
  • Is eligible for tax credits to offset the costs of performing cleanup activities and for redevelopment of the site.

A COC may be modified or revoked if, for example, the applicant does not comply with the terms of its Brownfield Cleanup Agreement with DEC, or if the applicant commits fraud regarding its application or its certification that it has met cleanup levels.


The Former Buffalo China site was historically the location of china manufacturing. A portion of the site purchased in the 1980s was used by the Standard Mirror Company manufacturing operations. The site, which is currently owned and operated by Niagara Ceramics Corp., comprises approximately 9.73 acres and is located in an area of industrial, commercial, and residential uses. Environmental investigations identified that the site's soil was impacted by volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and lead and the groundwater was impacted by VOC contamination that has migrated off-site. DEC has determined that Buffalo China has satisfactorily completed the remedial program at the site.

Who to Contact

Questions regarding the investigation of this site are welcome. Should you have any questions, please contact the following representatives:

Project-related Questions:
Christine Barton
Conestoga-Rovers & Assoc.
285 Delaware Ave Suite 500
Buffalo, NY 14202
(716) 856-2142

Health-related Questions:
Matt Forcucci
584 Delaware Avenue
Buffalo, New York 14202
(716) 847-4501

Environment-related Questions:
Jaspel Walia, P.E., Project Manager
DEC Region 9 Office
270 Michigan Avenue
Buffalo, NY 14203
(716) 851-7220

Where to Find Information

Two locations have been established as document repositories to provide you with access to project information. All documents relevant to the site's remedial program are available for review at:

East Clinton Branch Library
1929 East Clinton Street
Buffalo, NY 14206
(716) 823 5626

NYSDEC Region 9 Office
270 Michigan Avenue
Buffalo, NY 14203
(716) 851-7220
(Please call for appointment)

Brownfield Cleanup Program

New York's BCP encourages the voluntary cleanup of contaminated properties known as "brownfields" so that they can be reused and redeveloped. These uses may include recreation, housing, business or other uses. A brownfield is any real property that is difficult to reuse or redevelop because of the presence or potential presence of contamination. For more information about the BCP, visit DEC's website.

For More Information

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Site Location

Buffalo China location map