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Standards and Practices for Bulk Storage

Consensus Standards and Recommended Practice for Bulk Storage of Petroleum and Hazardous Substances in New York State

Below is a partial listing of consensus standards and recommended practices which are applicable to the Chemical Bulk Storage (6 NYCRR Parts 595-599) and Petroleum Bulk Storage (6 NYCRR Parts 612-614) programs in New York State. Many of these consensus standards and practices are available for purchase although a few of the documents, e.g., federal government publications, may be downloaded from the Internet at no cost.

Other comparable consensus codes, standards, or practices which are developed by a nationally recognized organization or independent testing laboratory, e.g., Underwriters Laboratories (UL), Petroleum Equipment Institute (PEI), Chlorine Institute (CI), Steel Tank Institute (STI), etc., which meet the standards of 6 NYCRR Parts 595-599 are also acceptable.

Steel Tank/Piping Systems

The following publications of the American Petroleum Institute (API) can be searched for and purchased using the offsite link on the right:
  • API 510 - "Pressure Vessel Inspection Code: Maintenance Inspection, Rating, Repair, and Alteration" - Addresses the maintenance inspection, repair, alteration and re-rating procedures for pressure vessels used in the petroleum and chemical process industries.
  • API 570 - "Piping Inspection Code: Inspection, Repair, Alteration and Rerating of In-Service Piping Systems" - Addresses inspection, repair, alteration, and re-rating procedures for metallic piping systems that have been in service.
  • API RP 572 - "Inspection of Pressure Vessels" - Addresses the inspection of pressure vessels. It includes a description of the various types of pressure vessels and the standards that can be used for their construction and maintenance.
  • API RP 574 - "Inspection Practices for Piping System Components, June 1998" - Addresses the inspection practices for piping, tubing, valves (other than control valves), and fitting used in petroleum refineries and chemical plants.
  • API RP 575 - "Inspection of Atmospheric and Low-Pressure Storage Tanks" - Addresses the inspection of atmospheric storage tanks that have been designed to operate at pressures from atmospheric through 0.5 psig and inspection of low-pressure storage tanks that have been designed to operate at pressure above 0.5 psig but less than 15 psig.
  • API RP 576 - "Inspection of Pressure Relieving Devices" - Addresses the inspection and control of those devices used in the plants to ensure their proper performance.
  • API 620 - "Recommended Rules for Design and Construction of Large, Welded, Low-Pressure Storage Tanks" - June l990, American Petroleum Institute Publishers, 1220 L Street, NW, Washington, DC 20005.
  • API 650 - "Welded Steel Tanks for Oil Storage" - 9th Edition, l993, American Petroleum Institute Publishers, 1220 L Street, NW, Washington, DC 20005.
  • API 651 - "Cathodic Protection of Above-ground Petroleum Storage Tanks" - l99l, American Petroleum Institute Publishers, l220 L Street, NW, Washington, DC 20005.
  • API 652 - "Lining of Aboveground Petroleum Storage Tank Bottoms" - l99l, American Petroleum Institute Publishers, l220 L Street, NW, Washington, DC 20005.
  • API 653 - "Tank Inspection, Repair, Alteration, and Reconstruction" - Provides guidance in the inspection, repair, alteration and reconstruction of steel storage tanks used in the petroleum and chemical industries.
  • API 1615 - "Installation of Underground Petroleum Storage Systems" - l987, with l989 supplement, American Petroleum Institute Publishers, 1220 L Street, NW, Washington, DC 20005.
  • "Standard for Shop Fabricated Steel Aboveground Horizontal Tanks for Flammable and Combustible Liquids" - 1984, Underwriters' Laboratories of Canada, 7 Crouse Road, Scarborough, Ontario, Canada M1R3A9. CAN4-S601-M84
  • "Standard for Shop Fabricated Steel Aboveground Vertical Tanks for Flammable and Combustible Liquids" - 1984, Underwriters Laboratories of Canada, 7 Crouse Road, Scarborough, Ontario, Canada M1R3A9. CAN4-S630-M84
  • "Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code, No. 30" - 1993, National Fire Protection Association, Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269. NFPA No. 30
  • "Spill Prevention, Minimum 10-Year Life Extension of Existing Steel Underground Storage Tanks by Lining Without the Addition of Cathodic Protection" - 1991, National Leak Prevention Association, Route 2, Box 106A, Falmouth, KY 41040. NLPA 631
  • "Steel Structures Painting Manual, Chapter 2 - Surface Preparation Specifications, Commercial Blast Cleaning" - June 1991, Steel Structures Painting Council, 40 24th Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15222. SSPC-SP 6
  • "Inspection of In-service Shop Fabricated Aboveground Tanks for Storage of Combustible and Flammable Liquids" - Steel Tank Institute. STI Standard SP001-00
  • "Standard for Steel Underground Tanks for Flammable and Combustible Liquids" - 1992, Underwriters Laboratories of Canada, 7 Crouse Road, Scarborough, Ontario, Canada M1R3A9. ULC Standard S603-92

Corrosion

  • "Cathodic Protection of Underground Petroleum Storage Tanks and Piping System" - 1987, American Petroleum Institute Publishers, l220 L Street, NW, Washington, DC 20005. API 1632
  • "Recommended Practice - Control of External Corrosion on Metallic Buried, Partially Buried, or Submerged Liquid Storage Systems" - 2002, National Association of Corrosion Engineers, 1440 South Creek Drive, Houston, Texas 77084-4906. NACE RP0285-2002
  • "Recommended Practice - Control of External Corrosion on Underground or Submerged Metallic Piping Systems, RP0169-2002" - Reaffirmed 2002, National Association of Corrosion Engineers, 1440 South Creek Drive, Houston, Texas 77084-4906. NACE Standard RP0169-2002
  • "Standard for Galvanic Corrosion Protection Systems for Steel Underground Tanks for Flammable and Combustible Liquids" - 1992, Underwriters Laboratories of Canada, 7 Crouse Road, Scarborough, Ontario, Canada M1R3A9. ULC-S603.1-M1982

Federal Government Regulations

  • "Technical Standards and Corrective Action Requirements for Owners and Operators of Underground Storage Tanks (UST)" - Part 280 of Title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations, July 1, 1993, Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. 20402. CFR 280
  • "Approval of State Underground Storage Tank Programs" - Part 281 of Title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations, July 1, 1993, Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. 20402. CFR 281
  • "Continuous Releases" - Section 8, Part 302 of Title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations, July 1, 1990, Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. 20402. CFR 302.8

Fiberglass/Plastic Tank/Piping Systems

  • "Specification for Filament-Wound Reinforced Thermosetting Resin Pipe" - 1988, American Society for Testing and Materials, 1916 Race Street, Philadelphia, PA 19103. ASTM D2996-88
  • "Filament-Wound Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermoset Resin Chemical-Resistant Tanks" - 1988, American Society for Testing and Materials, 1916 Race Street, Philadelphia, PA 19103. ASTM D3299-88
  • "Contact-Molded Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermoset Resin Chemical-Resistant Tanks" - 1988, American Society for Testing and Materials, 1916 Race Street, Philadelphia, PA 19103. ASTM D4097-88
  • "Standard Practice for Acoustic Emission Examination of Fiberglass Reinforced Plastics Resin (FRP) Tanks/Vessels" - American Society For Testing and Materials (ASTM), 1916 Race Street, Philadelphia, PA 19103. ASTM E 1067-96
  • "Recommended Practice For Acoustic Emission Testing of Fiberglass Reinforced Plastic Resin (RP) Tanks/Vessels" - Reinforced Plastics of the Composites Institute, Society of the Plastics Industry, Inc. Although this document is not a consensus standard, it is a peer reviewed guidance which serves as a Recommended Practice. The title of the document does not appear in the listing at the web address provided. However, the website provides a telephone number where a call can be placed to order the document. The Society of the Plastics Industry, Inc.
  • "Reinforced Thermoset Plastic Corrosion Resistant Equipment" - American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) International. RTP-1-1995
  • "Guidelines for Inspecting Used FRP Equipment" - Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry (TAPPI), 1999. While this document is not a consensus standard, it should be viewed as a Recommended Practice. TIP 0402 - 28
  • "Glass Fiber Reinforced Plastic Pipe and Fittings for Flammable Liquids" - 1993, Underwriters' Laboratories of Canada, 7 Crouse Road, Scarborough, Ontario, Canada M1R3A9. ULC-C107.7-1993

Other

  • "Non-Refrigerated Liquid Chlorine Storage" - Addresses design, construction, location, installation and inspection of non-refrigerated liquid chlorine storage system. CI Pamphlet 5
  • "Hydrochloric Acid Tank Motor Vehicle Loading/Unloading" - Provides recommended practices for the safe shipping (loading), handling and/or receiving (unloading) of hydrochloric acid in tank motor vehicles. CI Pamphlet 150