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Discharges of Radioactive Material to the Environment

Staff conducting a radiationg survey
DEC staff conducting a
radiation survey.

The DEC regulates radioactive discharges to the environment through 6 NYCRR Part 380 - Prevention and Control of Environmental Pollution by Radioactive Materials. Part 380 requires that parties who discharge radioactive material keep records of the radioactive material discharged and maintain those discharges as low as reasonably achievable. The regulations set radiation dose limits and emission levels above which a party must obtain a radiation control permit. Permittees include industrial, research, medical, radiopharmaceutical, and wastewater treatment facilities. DEC staff perform regular, unannounced inspections of all Part 380 permittees.

The Part 380 regulation will be revised to be compatible with federal rules on emissions of radioactive material to air and to update and clarify other provisions.

Site Investigation and Remediation

photo of a staff doing radiation measurements and sending data to a computer
Equipment on the
backpack measures
radiation and sends the
values and location on
the site to a computer.
The results can then be
displayed while the
survey is in progress.

DEC monitors the remediation of sites contaminated with radioactive material in accordance with Cleanup Guideline for Soils Contaminated with Radioactive Materials, DER-38.

Radiation Monitoring of Non-Radioactive Waste

Staff in the radiation program work with DEC's solid waste, hazardous waste, and regulated medical waste (RMW) programs to prevent the unauthorized disposal of regulated radioactive material at RMW treatment facilities, resource recovery facilities, landfills, and steel smelters. DEC staff work with these facilities to promote the use of effective radiation monitoring where needed and appropriately respond when radioactive material is detected at the facilities.

Transportation and Disposal of Low-Level Radioactive Waste

DEC's regulations, Low-Level Radioactive Waste Transporter, 6 NYCRR Part 381 require transporters of low-level radioactive waste (LLRW) to obtain a permit and submit LLRW manifests. DEC administers this permitting and manifest tracking system. DEC also handles all new permits or modifications to permits as well as LLRW manifests.

Under the State LLRW Management Act of 1986, DEC was charged with permitting and regulating LLRW disposal facilities.

More about Radiation:

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