Construction and Demolition Debris Landfills
Construction and Demolition Debris
Construction and demolition debris is uncontaminated solid waste resulting from the construction, remodeling, repair and demolition of utilities, structures and roads; and uncontaminated solid waste resulting from land clearing. Such waste includes, but is not limited to:
- bricks, concrete and other masonry materials
- soil and rock
- wood (including painted, treated and coated wood and wood products)
- land clearing debris
- wall coverings, plaster, drywall, plumbing fixtures, non-asbestos insulation
- roofing shingles and other roof coverings
- asphaltic pavement
- plastics that are not sealed in a manner that conceals other wastes
- empty buckets ten gallons or less in size and having no more than one inch of residue remaining on the bottom
- electrical wiring and components containing no hazardous liquids, and pipe and metals that are incidental to any of the above.
Solid waste that is not Construction and Demolition debris
Solid waste that is not construction and demolition debris (even if resulting from the construction, remodeling, repair and demolition of utilities, structures and roads and land clearing) includes, but is not limited to:
- asbestos waste
- corrugated container board
- electrical fixtures containing hazardous liquids such as fluorescent light ballasts or transformers
- fluorescent lights
- carpeting, furniture
- containers greater than ten gallons in size, any containers having more than one inch of residue remaining on the bottom and fuel tanks.
Also specifically excluded from the definition of construction and demolition debris is solid waste (including what otherwise would be construction and demolition debris) resulting from any processing that renders individual waste components unrecognizable, such as pulverizing or shredding, at a facility that is not a department-approved C&D debris processing facility. Also, waste contained in an illegal disposal site may be considered C&D debris if the department determines that such waste is similar in nature and content to C&D debris.
Land Clearing Debris
This is vegetative matter, soil and rock resulting from activities such as land clearing and grubbing, utility line maintenance or seasonal or storm-related cleanup such as trees, stumps, brush and leaves and including wood chips generated from these materials. Land clearing debris does not include yard waste which has been collected at the curbside.
For the purposes of Part 360, asbestos waste is solid waste that contains more than one percent asbestos by weight and can be crumbled, pulverized or reduced to powder, when dry, by hand pressure. Asbestos waste also includes any asbestos-containing solid waste that is collected in a pollution control device designed to remove asbestos.
Construction and Demolition Debris Landfills in New York State
As of January 2016, there were 110 registered Land Clearing Debris Landfills and 12 regulated Construction and Demolition Debris Landfills. The registered land clearing debris landfills are required to be three acres or less and to have, at a minimum, a compacted soil final cover within 180 days of cessation of waste acceptance. The permitted C&D debis landfills greater than three acres are required, at a minimum, to have a single composite liner with a leachate collection and removal system. Permitted C&D debris landfills of three acres or less must have, at a minimum, a low-permeability compacted soil base.