Department of Environmental Conservation

D E C banner

Industrial/Commercial Landfills

Landfill means land or a disposal facility or part of one where solid waste or its residue after treatment is intentionally placed and which is not a land application facility, surface impoundment, injection well or waste pile.

Industrial waste

Industrial waste means solid waste generated by manufacturing or industrial processes. Such processes may include, but are not limited to the following:

  • electric power generation
  • fertilizer/agricultural chemicals; inorganic chemicals
  • iron and steel manufacturing
  • leather and leather products
  • nonferrous metals manufacturing/foundries
  • organic chemicals
  • plastics and resins manufacturing
  • pulp and paper industry
  • rubber and miscellaneous plastic products
  • stone, glass, clay and concrete products
  • textile manufacturing
  • transportation equipment
  • water treatment

The forms of such wastes are exemplified by but not limited to: liquids such as acids, alkalis, caustics, leachate, petroleum (and its derivatives), and processes or treatment wastewaters; sludges which are semi-solid substances resulting from process or treatment operations or residues from storage or use of liquids; solidified chemicals, paints or pigments; and dredge spoil generated by manufacturing or industrial processes, foundry sand, and the end or by-products of incineration or other forms of combustion. This term does not include oil or gas drilling, production, and treatment wastes (such as brines, oil, and frac fluids); overburden, spoil, or tailings resulting from mining; or solution mining brine and insoluble component wastes.

Commercial waste

Commercial waste means solid waste generated by stores, offices, restaurants, warehouses and nonmanufacturing activities at industrial facilities.

Industrial/Commercial Landfills in New York State

As of January 2015, there were 14 industrial/commercial landfills operating in New York State.

The liner required for an industrial/commercial waste monofill landfill is a double composite liner with primary and secondary leachate collection and removal systems. Alternative liner system designs will be considered if the applicant demonstrates that the proposed alternative liner will prevent a negative impact on groundwater. Solid waste incinerator ash residue monofills except in Nassau and Suffolk counties and paper mill sludge monofills have a minimum liner requirement comprised of a single composite liner with a leachate collection and removal system.