Industrial waste means solid waste generated by manufacturing or industrial processes. Such processes may include, but are not limited to the following:
- electric power generation
- fertilizer/agricultural chemicals; inorganic chemicals
- iron and steel manufacturing
- leather and leather products
- nonferrous metals manufacturing/foundries
- organic chemicals
- plastics and resins manufacturing
- pulp and paper industry
- rubber and miscellaneous plastic products
- stone, glass, clay and concrete products
- textile manufacturing
- transportation equipment
- water treatment
The forms of such wastes are exemplified by but not limited to: liquids such as acids, alkalis, caustics, leachate, petroleum (and its derivatives), and processes or treatment wastewaters; sludges which are semi-solid substances resulting from process or treatment operations or residues from storage or use of liquids; solidified chemicals, paints or pigments; and dredge spoil generated by manufacturing or industrial processes, foundry sand, and the end or by-products of incineration or other forms of combustion. This term does not include oil or gas drilling, production, and treatment wastes (such as brines, oil, and frac fluids); overburden, spoil, or tailings resulting from mining; or solution mining brine and insoluble component wastes.
Commercial waste means solid waste generated by stores, offices, restaurants, warehouses and nonmanufacturing activities at industrial facilities.
Industrial/Commercial Landfills in New York State
As of February 2012, there were 16 industrial/commercial landfills operating in New York State. In 2010, these industrial/commercial landfills received approximately 1.0 million tons of material.
The liner required for an industrial/commercial waste monofill landfill is a double composite liner with primary and secondary leachate collection and removal systems. Alternative liner system designs will be considered if the applicant demonstrates that the proposed alternative liner will prevent a negative impact on groundwater. Solid waste incinerator ash residue monofills in Nassau and Suffolk counties and paper mill sludge monofills have a minimum liner requirement comprised of a single composite liner with a leachate collection and removal system.