Long Island Landfills
Clean fill means material consisting of concrete, steel, wood, sand, dirt, soil, glass, construction and demolition debris, and other recognizable inert material designated by the department.
Deep flow recharge area means a sensitive recharge area within the counties of Nassau and Suffolk within the boundaries of hydrogeologic zones I, II and III as defined in the Long Island Comprehensive Waste Treatment Management Plan of 1978. This definition can be found in the Long Island Landfill Law, ECL 27-0704.
Inert material means material that contains neither leachate constituents at concentrations in excess of groundwater quality standards contained in 6 NYCRR Part 703 nor putrescible material.
Product of resource recovery, incineration, or composting means ash residue, noncombustible residue from a recyclables handling and recovery facility, untreatable waste residue from a composting facility, and compost.
Resource recovery system means a system that provides environmentally sound management of collected solid waste through facilities planned, designed, assembled, and constructed to maximize the potential for resource recovery.
Untreatable waste means the same as defined in ECL section 27-0704. Untreatable waste for a solid waste incinerator includes, but is not limited to: batteries, such as dry cell batteries, mercury batteries and vehicle batteries; refrigerators; stoves; freezers; washers; dryers; bedsprings; vehicle frame parts, crankcases, transmissions, and engines; lawn mowers; snow blowers; bicycles; file cabinets; air conditioners; hot water heaters; water storage tanks; water softeners; furnaces; oil storage tanks; metal furniture; propane tanks; and clean fill.
Long Island Landfills in New York State
The Long Island Landfill Law, ECL 27-0704, placed additional requirements and restrictions on Long Island Landfills. This refers to all landfills located in Nassau and Suffolk Counties. As of November 2013, there were 6 landfills operating on Long Island, 2 of which were ash monofills.
Each new landfill or expansion located outside the deep flow recharge area, can accept material that is the product of resource recovery, incineration, or composting and downtime waste, and untreatable waste. The minimum liner requirement for landfills outside the deep flow recharge area is a double composite liner system with a primary and secondary leachate collection and removal system.
Each new landfill or expansion located within the deep flow recharge area, can only accept clean fill. The minimum liner requirement for clean fill landfills inside the deep flow recharge area is a double liner system consisting of an upper geomembrane and a lower composite liner system with a primary and a secondary leachate collection and removal system. Clean fill landfills outside the deep flow recharge area must have a single composite liner system with a provision for leachate collection and removal.