Construction and Demolition Debris Processing Facilities
Construction and Demolition Debris
Construction and demolition debris is uncontaminated solid waste resulting from the construction, remodeling, repair and demolition of utilities, structures and roads; and uncontaminated solid waste resulting from land clearing. Such waste includes, but is not limited to:
- bricks, concrete and other masonry materials
- soil and rock
- wood (including painted, treated and coated wood and wood products)
- land clearing debris
- wall coverings, plaster, drywall, plumbing fixtures, non-asbestos insulation
- roofing shingles and other roof coverings
- asphaltic pavement
- plastics that are not sealed in a manner that conceals other wastes
- empty buckets ten gallons or less in size and having no more than one inch of residue remaining on the bottom
- electrical wiring and components containing no hazardous liquids, and pipe and metals that are incidental to any of the above.
Solid waste that is not Construction and Demolition debris
Solid waste that is not construction and demolition debris (even if resulting from the construction, remodeling, repair and demolition of utilities, structures and roads and land clearing) includes, but is not limited to:
- asbestos waste
- corrugated container board
- electrical fixtures containing hazardous liquids such as fluorescent light ballasts or transformers
- fluorescent lights
- carpeting, furniture
- containers greater than ten gallons in size, any containers having more than one inch of residue remaining on the bottom and fuel tanks.
Also specifically excluded from the definition of construction and demolition debris is solid waste (including what otherwise would be construction and demolition debris) resulting from any processing that renders individual waste components unrecognizable, such as pulverizing or shredding, at a facility that is not a department-approved C&D debris processing facility. Also, waste contained in an illegal disposal site may be considered C&D debris if the department determines that such waste is similar in nature and content to C&D debris.
Land Clearing Debris
This is vegetative matter, soil and rock resulting from activities such as land clearing and grubbing, utility line maintenance or seasonal or storm-related cleanup such as trees, stumps, brush and leaves and including wood chips generated from these materials. Land clearing debris does not include yard waste which has been collected at the curbside.
For the purposes of this regulation, Part 360, asbestos waste is solid waste that contains more than one percent asbestos by weight and can be crumbled, pulverized or reduced to powder, when dry, by hand pressure. Asbestos waste also includes any asbestos-containing solid waste that is collected in a pollution control device designed to remove asbestos.
Construction and Demolition Debris Processing Facilities in New York State
As of November 2013, there are 80 permitted C&D debris processing facilities and 280 registered C&D debris processing facilities. Not included in these numbers are facilities that receive and process only land clearing debris and/or unadulterated wood, wood chips, or bark from logging operations, pulp and paper production, and wood products manufacturing. These facilities are exempt from regulation under Part 360. Registered C&D debris processing facilities receive and process uncontaminated and unadulterated wood, recognizable uncontaminated concrete and other masonry waste (including steel or fiberglass reinforcing embedded in concrete), asphalt pavement, brick, soil or rock that has not been in contact with a spill from petroleum product, hazardous waste, or industrial waste, and that is not commingled with other solid waste. All other C&D debris processing facilities must be permitted. Both permitted and registered C&D debris processing facilities are required to submit annual operating reports.
Materials can be separated from C&D debris to be recycled or to be reused for a specific use if approved by the Department. Material that is not recovered is sent to a municipal solid waste landfill or to a C&D debris landfill.