Municipal Waste Combustion Facilities
Solid Waste Incinerators, Refuse-Derived Fuel Processing and Solid Waste Pyrolysis Units
Combustion means the thermal treatment of solid waste in a device which uses elevated temperatures as the primary means to change the chemical, physical, or biological character or composition of the waste. Examples of combustion processes include incineration, pyrolysis and fluidized bed.
Mixed solid waste means combinations of putrescible and nonputrescible waste materials.
Municipal solid waste means combined household, commercial and institutional waste materials generated in a given area.
Pyrolysis means a process using applied heat in an oxygen-deficient or oxygen-free environment for chemical decomposition of solid waste.
Incinerator means an enclosed device using controlled flame combustion to thermally break down solid waste, including refuse-derived fuel, to an ash residue that contains little or no combustible materials.
Refuse-derived fuel processing facility means the combination of structures, machinery or devices utilized to reduce or alter the volume of mixed solid waste before delivery to a solid waste incinerator or pyrolysis facility.
Municipal Waste Combustion Facilities in New York State
Municipal waste combustion (MWC) is defined as a solid waste management strategy where wastes are combusted to generate steam or electricity and reduce the volume of municipal solid waste (MSW) that would otherwise need to be disposed of by approximately 80-90 percent.
As of November 2013, there were 10 active MWC facilities in New York State.
Stricter emission standards and numerous emission controls (which include fabric filters, dry scrubbers, carbon injectors, nitrogen oxide controls, spray dry absorbers, lime injection, selective non-catalytic reduction, acid gas/particulate matter control and electrostatic precipitators) being used in all active municipal waste combustion facilities in New York State have resulted in a reduction in municipal waste combustion air emissions and have significantly contributed to a cleaner state environment. Barring certain waste from entering the municipal waste combustion facility waste stream (e.g., batteries and fluorescent light bulbs to reduce mercury emissions) has also resulted in less harmful stack emissions and a cleaner environment.
More about Municipal Waste Combustion Facilities:
- 2011 Municipal Waste Combustion Summary Report - Amount of energy generated by various waste-to-energy facilities
- 2011 Municipal Waste Combustion Facility Capacity Chart - Amount of waste handled and permitted of various waste-to-energy facilities