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2016 Zero Emission Vehicle Credits

As provided for by Section 177 of the federal Clean Air Act, New York State adopted California's zero emission vehicle (ZEV) standards. New York State incorporates California's ZEV standards by reference in 6 NYCRR Part 218, specifically Subpart 218-4.1 ZEV Percentages. The ZEV standards incorporated in Part 218 include provisions for the public disclosure of manufacturers' ZEV credits and annual production data.

Manufacturer Volume Status

The ZEV regulation requires large and intermediate volume manufacturers (LVM and IVM) to deliver and place in service within New York State a certain percentage of ZEVs (battery electric and fuel cell vehicles), plug-in hybrids, hybrids, and clean gasoline vehicles with near-zero tailpipe emissions. The table below lists vehicle manufacturers subject to the 2016 ZEV requirements.

2016 Manufacturer Volume Status
Large Volume Intermediate Volume
Fiat Chrysler BMW
Ford Hyundai
GM Jaguar Land Rover
Honda Kia
Nissan Mazda
Toyota Mercedes
Subaru
Volkswagen

Manufacturer Requirement

A vehicle manufacturer's ZEV requirement is based on a percentage of all passenger cars and light-duty trucks (LDT) up to 8,500 pounds delivered for sale in New York State. The table below is the 2016 New York vehicle production of LVM and IVM.

Large and Intermediate Volume Manufacturer 2016 Vehicle Production Delivered for Sale in NY
Manufacturer Passenger and LDT
BMW 30,829
Fiat Chrysler 118,235
Ford 97,227
GM 143,872
Honda 140,366
Hyundai 39,268
Jaguar Land Rover 9,589
Kia 30,847
Mazda 28,555
Mercedes 29,797
Nissan 82,628
Subaru 44,506
Toyota 111,880
Volkswagen 38,340
TOTAL 945,939

Manufacturer Credit Balances

In complying with the ZEV regulation, LVMs and IVMs deliver and place vehicles in New York State which generate varying credits based on vehicle type. Other entities without a ZEV requirement may also generate credits. The table below lists the credit balances as of August 31, 2017, generated since the start of New York's ZEV program in 2007. ZEV credits are unitless.

New York Zero Emission Vehicle Credit Balances
Manufacturer Units ZEVs (excluding NEVs) I.5x/IIx NEV+ TZEV ATPZEV PZEV
BMW ZEV credits 2,646.74 1608.17 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
BYD ZEV credits 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Fiat Chrysler ZEV credits 85,154.23 0.00 51,675.15 0.00 0.00 0.00
Ford ZEV credits 24,805.34 0.00 0.00 5,150.62 1,324.03 4,021.42
GM ZEV credits 26,574.35 0.00 17,236.45 1,078.35 1,322.80 6,480.03
Honda ZEV credits 9,603.86 0.00 3,545.14 0.00 0.00 22,771.17
Hyundai ZEV credits 1,694.52 0.00 0.00 96.30 1,310.99 10,917.85
Jaguar Land Rover ZEV credits 2,219.11 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 809.68
Kia ZEV credits 4,391.93 0.00 0.00 0.00 597.31 2,489.82
Mazda ZEV credits 850.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,849.71
Mercedes ZEV credits 16,524.27 0.00 0.00 10.62 20.89 3,691.81
Miles ZEV credits 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Mitsubishi ZEV credits 22.43 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 4,190.89
Nissan ZEV credits 5,332.56 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Polaris ZEV credits 0.00 0.00 (0.01) 0.00 0.00 0.00
Subaru ZEV credits 4,807.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 561.20 35,463.99
Tesla ZEV credits 68.71 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Toyota ZEV credits 11,249.08 0.00 5,017.21 3,462.98 2,644.95 0.00
Vantage ZEV credits 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Volkswagen ZEV credits 12,018.25 0.00 0.00 230.65 498.35 3,774.83
Volvo ZEV credits 0.00 0.00 0.00 198.22 0.00 633.40
Zenith ZEV credits 62.50 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Zipcar ZEV credits 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 342.00 1,538.37
TOTALS ZEV credits 208,024.88 1,608.17 77,473.94 10,227.74 8,622.52 98,632.97

ZEV = Zero Emission Vehicle
NEV+ = Neighborhood Electric Vehicle
TZEV = Transitional Zero Emission Vehicle
ATPZEV = Advanced Technology Partial Zero Emission Vehicle
PZEV = Partial Zero Emission Vehicle

Manufacturer Transfers

Manufacturers may transfer credits between manufacturers and third parties. The tables below list the ZEV credits transferred between September 1, 2015 and August 31, 2016.

New York ZEV Credit Transfers Between September 1, 2016 and August 31, 2017
Transferor Type of Vehicle Number of Credits
GM NEV+ 6,000.00
Honda BEV 3,000.00
Honda PZEV 7,300.00
Tesla BEV 10,287.00
Total 26,587.00
New York ZEV Credit Transfers Between September 1, 2016 and August 31, 2017
Transferee Type of Vehicle Number of Credits
GM BEV 3,000.00
GM PZEV 7,300.00
Honda NEV+ 6,000.00
Subaru BEV 4,807.00
Toyota BEV 5,480.00
Total 26,587.00

Frequently Asked Questions

What do credit balances mean?

Positive credit balances indicate successful over-compliance with the ZEV regulation. Manufacturers may use these credit balances to provide flexibility in complying with ZEV requirements in future model years, or transfer them to other manufacturers. Negative credit balances indicate noncompliance with the ZEV regulation and must be offset within a specified timeframe.

How many vehicles have been placed in service in New York as a result of the ZEV regulation?

As of October 1, 2017, approximately 18,000 ZEVs and plug-in hybrids are currently in service in New York State.

For more information please contact the Bureau of Mobile Sources & Technology Development at (518) 402-8292