Department of Environmental Conservation

D E C banner

2015 Zero Emission Vehicle Credits

As provided for by Section 177 of the federal Clean Air Act, New York State adopted California's zero emission vehicle (ZEV) standards. New York State incorporates California's ZEV standards by reference in 6 NYCRR Part 218, specifically Subpart 218-4.1 ZEV Percentages. The ZEV standards incorporated in Part 218 include provisions for the public disclosure of manufacturers' ZEV credits and annual production data.

Manufacturer Volume Status

The ZEV regulation requires large and intermediate volume manufacturers (LVM and IVM) to deliver and place in service within New York State a certain percentage of ZEVs (battery electric and fuel cell vehicles), plug-in hybrids, hybrids, and clean gasoline vehicles with near-zero tailpipe emissions. The table below lists vehicle manufacturers subject to the 2015 ZEV requirements.

2015 Manufacturer Volume Status
Large Volume Intermediate Volume
Fiat Chrysler BMW
Ford Daimler AG
GM Hyundai
Honda Jaguar Land Rover
Nissan Kia
Toyota Mazda
Subaru
Volkswagen

Manufacturer Requirement

A vehicle manufacturer's ZEV requirement is based on a percentage of all passenger cars and light-duty trucks (LDT) up to 8,500 pounds delivered for sale in New York State. The table below is the 2015 New York vehicle production of LVM and IVM.

Large and Intermediate Volume Manufacturer 2015 Vehicle Production Delivered for Sale in NY
Manufacturer Passenger and LDT
BMW 32,993
Daimler AG 33,198
Fiat Chrysler 136,463
Ford 81,874
Fuji Heavy Industries/Subaru 50,551
GM 141,766
Honda 120,459
Hyundai 35,913
Jaguar Land Rover 5,237
Kia 29,026
Mazda 14,637
Nissan 102,582
Toyota 131,704
Volkswagen 38,515
TOTAL 954,918

Manufacturer Credit Balances

In complying with the ZEV regulation, LVMs and IVMs deliver and place vehicles in New York State which generate varying credits based on vehicle type. Other entities without a ZEV requirement may also generate credits. The table below lists the credit balances as of August 31, 2016 generated since the start of New York's ZEV program in 2007. ZEV credits are unitless.

New York Zero Emission Vehicle Credit Balances
Manufacturer Units ZEVs (excluding NEVs) I.5x/IIx NEV+ TZEV ATPZEV PZEV
BMW ZEV credits 3,406.86 970.24 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Daimler AG ZEV credits 12,193.66 0.00 0.00 0.00 20.89 6,517.38
Fiat Chrysler ZEV credits 38,706.63 0.00 55,350.51 0.00 0.00 0.00
Ford ZEV credits 3,466.36 0.00 807.47 1,563.33 2,968.51 5,333.26
Fuji Heavy Industries/Subaru ZEV credits 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 435.65 30,676.23
GM ZEV credits 21,686.01 0.00 25,017.78 896.50 2,958.35 4595.27
Honda ZEV credits 13,769.10 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 27,549.03
Hyundai ZEV credits 1,241.64 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,310.99 13,195.01
Jaguar Land Rover ZEV credits 1,831.82 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 169.52
Kia ZEV credits 1,574.03 0.00 0.00 0.00 559.96 3,311.83
Mazda ZEV credits 850.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,788.11
Mitsubishi ZEV credits 18.43 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 4,190.89
Nissan ZEV credits 15,183.16 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 581.55
Polaris ZEV credits 0.00 0.00 (0.01) 0.00 0.00 0.00
Tesla ZEV credits 4,807.71 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Toyota ZEV credits 8,849.14 0.00 9,199.98 4,805.54 6,110.19 0.00
Volkswagen ZEV credits 1,862.94 0.00 0.00 0.00 457.85 4,431.22
Volvo ZEV credits 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 298.40
Zenith ZEV credits 62.50 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Zipcar ZEV credits 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 342.00 1,538.37
TOTALS ZEV credits 129,509.99 970.24 90,375.73 7,265.37 15,164.39 104,176.10

ZEV = Zero Emission Vehicle
NEV+ = Neighborhood Electric Vehicle
TZEV = Transitional Zero Emission Vehicle
ATPZEV = Advanced Technology Partial Zero Emission Vehicle
PZEV = Partial Zero Emission Vehicle

Manufacturer Transfers

Manufacturers may transfer credits between manufacturers and third parties. The tables below list the ZEV credits transferred between October 1, 2015 and August 31, 2016.

New York ZEV Credit Transfers Between
October 1, 2015 and August 31, 2016
Transferor Type of Vehicle Number of Credits
Nissan BEV 112.00
Polaris NEV+ 1.51
Tesla BEV 850.00
Total 963.51
New York ZEV Credit Transfers Between
October 1, 2015 and August 31, 2016
Transferee Type of Vehicle Number of Credits
Fiat Chrysler NEV+ 1.51
Ford BEV 112.00
Mazda BEV 850.00
Total 963.51

Frequently Asked Questions

What do credit balances mean?

Positive credit balances indicate successful over-compliance with the ZEV regulation. Manufacturers may use these credit balances to provide flexibility in complying with ZEV requirements in future model years, or transfer them to other manufacturers. Negative credit balances indicate noncompliance with the ZEV regulation and must be offset within a specified timeframe.

How many vehicles have been placed in service in New York as a result of the ZEV regulation?

As of October 1, 2016, approximately 15,000 ZEVs and plug-in hybrids are currently in service in New York State.

For more information please contact the Bureau of Mobile Sources & Technology Development at (518) 402-8292.