402 and 430 Buffalo Avenue
Below is an abbreviated version of work plans in PDF form for download. To view the complete document, please contact DEC or visit the document repositories listed under Where to Find Information.
- January 2016 Fact Sheet (4 page PDF, 1.34 MB)
- Final Engineering Report (Document 1 of 4) (52 page PDF, 3.45 MB)
- Final Engineering Report (Document 2 of 4) (6 page PDF, 2.56 MB)
- Final Engineering Report (Document 3 of 4) (13 page PDF, 4.28 MB)
- Final Engineering Report (Document 4 of 4) (120 page PDF, 4.43 MB)
- November 2015 Fact Sheet (4 page PDF, 251 KB)
- October 2015 Fact Sheet (4 page PDF, 151 KB)
- Remedial Investigation/Interim Remedial Measures/Alternatives Analysis Report (RI/AAR) (173 page PDF, 4.70 MB)
Location: This BCP site is located at 401, 402 and 430 Buffalo Avenue, in Niagara Falls, Niagara County. The site is bound by 4th Street to the west, 6th Street and Holly Place to the east, a public alleyway from 4th Street and 6th Street to the north, and the Robert Moses State Parkway with the Niagara River beyond to the south. Buffalo Avenue intersects the property from east to west.
Site Features: The 401 Buffalo Avenue parcel is currently improved with portions of a vacant municipally-condemned former hotel and conference center, parking areas and vegetated/landscaped areas.
The 402 and 430 Buffalo Avenue parcels are currently vacant and was part of a former manufacturing facility.
Current Zoning and Land Use: The site is currently vacant located in a highly developed mixed use commercial and residential area. The site is zoned commercial and redevelopment at the site has begun.
Past Use of the Site: Use of the three properties dates back to 1901 when Henry Perky came to Niagara Falls and constructed a biscuit plant on the 402 and 430 parcels. This facility was named Shredded Wheat Company and was eventually sold to Nabisco and renamed "National Biscuit Shredded Wheat" (1933) and finally, "Nabisco Shredded Wheat" (1941). Operations included underground storage tanks noted as fuel oil. Baking ovens, likely utilizing the noted fuel oil, were located across the manufacturing facility for drying raw materials, heating the various buildings and operations, and baking final products. Additional operations included paper box manufacturing and printing, material handling and shipping equipment, maintenance of manufacturing equipment and vehicles, likely application of pesticides and herbicides related to raw food material and finished goods storage, and use of storage of paint, solvents, thinners, grease and lubricants common along former manufacturing operations.
Records indicate that the 401 parcel was used as a park area along the Niagara River as part of the greater manufacturing plant property. This site was later redeveloped into the former hotel facility in the early 1980's.
Geology and Hydrogeology: The Niagara Falls region is underlain by Silurian and Devonian age stratified limestone, dolomite and shale of marine origin. The primary bedrock type that forms the bedrock surface is fine to course grained Lockport Dolomite. Groundwater in the area is affected by the Niagara River. Bedrock groundwater flow generally is in a North westerly direction. The Niagara River near the Falls is a recharge zone for bedrock groundwater. Overburden groundwater flow will be evaluated during the Remedial Investigation.
Brownfield Cleanup Program
New York's Brownfield Cleanup Program (BCP) encourages the voluntary cleanup of contaminated properties known as "brownfields" so that they can be reused and redeveloped. These uses include recreation, housing, business or other uses. A brownfield is any real property that is difficult to reuse or redevelop because of the presence or potential presence of contamination. For more information about the BCP, visit DEC's website.
Whom to Contact
For more information about activities at the site, or if you have questions, comments, or concerns, we encourage you to contact the representatives listed below. If you know anyone who would like to be added to the e-mailing list to receive project updates, please have them contact one of the DEC representatives listed below.
Project Related Questions
Division of Environmental Remediation
270 Michigan Ave
Buffalo, NY 14203
Site-Related Health Questions
Corning Tower - Room 1787
Albany, NY 12237
Where to Find Information
Public interest in this project is valued and appreciated. Project documents are available at the following location to help the public stay informed. You may also view electronic versions of project documents above under Digital Files. Large documents may be abbreviated to meet DEC's file size requirements for posting to the website. Hard copies of full project documents are available at the listed locations.
Niagara Falls Public Library
Attn: Michelle Petrazzoulo
Earl W. Brydges Building
1425 Main Street
Niagara Falls, NY 14305
For More Information
We encourage you to share this fact sheet with neighbors and tenants, and/or post this fact sheet in a prominent area of your building for others to see.
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